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2017 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 83 words || 
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1. Schumacher, Gijs. "Are Politicians Dishonest and Pretentious? Comparing HEXACO scores of politicians and citizens" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, The Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K., Jun 29, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-05-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1242610_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We often think of politicians as dishonest, pretentious, narcissistic and Machiavellian. But is this fact or fiction? If so, do politicians differ, does ideology, career or age affect levels of honesty/humility? To analyze this we fielded a short-version of the HEXACO questionnaire. This questionnaire extends the Big-Five framework of personality with the additional personality dimension, honesty-humility. Our survey was fielded among Danish politicians, students and a nationally representative sample. The results demonstrate that politicians score significantly lower on honesty-humility than the general population.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Vann, Burrel. "When Politicians Pander: The Influence of Social Movements on Politicians' Voting" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1255034_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Why do some politicians pander to social movements? Dominant approaches stress that politicians' voting is shaped by their responsiveness to centrist public opinion or by a desire to pursue their own policy goals. In this article, demonstrate that public support and social movement activity exert more or less influence on politicians' voting, depending on their electoral strength and size of their constituency. OLS and multilevel regression of the influence of the Tea Party movement on voting in the 112th U.S. Congress shows that while politicians tend to align their voting with public opinion (when supportive of their party), their voting strongly follows the party line when party-aligned social movements engage in assertive political action and their constituency is small. Additional analyses confirm this relationship and show that incumbents are more likely to increase their party voting to appeal social movements.

2009 - ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: 22 pages || Words: 5694 words || 
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3. Newman, Benjamin. "Bad Politicians or Bad Citizens?: The Effect of Political Self-Discrepancies Upon Citizens' Attitude Toward Politicians" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-05-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p307530_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The concurrence of holding democratic political attitudes with low levels of conformity to their behavioral prescriptions is conceptualized in the present study as constituting an incongruity or discrepancy of the political-self. The general theoretical argument presented within this paper is that the failure to meet the citizen performance expectations imparted by ones own participatory political attitudes serves as a potential source of negative self-evaluation. The specific research question motivating the present study is whether attitudes toward external political objects, such as politicians, can be and are employed by citizens as a means of addressing a self-discrepancy and defending against negative self-evaluation. To assess this question empirically, the 2006 United States Citizenship, Involvement, Democracy (CID) Survey was utilized to test the hypothesis that incongruent citizens will hold more distrusting attitudes toward politicians than congruent citizens. The findings of the survey analysis were that incongruent citizens were more extreme in their level of trust toward politicians, but that the sign and significance of this effect is moderated by right-wing authoritarianism (RWA). Incongruent citizens who scored low on a measure of RWA were found to be significantly more trusting of politicians than congruent citizens while incongruent citizens scoring high on RWA were significantly less trusting of politicians than congruent citizens. The paper concludes with a discussion of “motivated attitude acquisition” as well as the plausibility of utilizing RWA as a proxy for individual differences in the tendency to engage in defensive motivated reasoning, self-justification, and blame externalization.

2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 279 words || 
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4. Samuylova, Irina. "Possession of Power as a Principal Factor in Manifestation of Politician’s Personality: Empirical Researches of Russian Politician’s Psychological Traits" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-05-23 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p570721_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper discusses possibilities of using methods of political texts analysis for a reliable assessment of politician’s psychological traits. Using methods of motive imagery analysis, transformational grammar, intent analysis for the analysis of prepared and spontaneous speeches of Russian politicians at various levels - regional (governors), federal (leaders of political parties), national (Presidents) – reveals differences in final data of their verbal behavior. It depends on the degree of preparedness (spontaneity) of political texts. More balanced are data of verbal behavior of politicians at the national level (Presidents), regardless of the analyzed material - that can make reliable conclusions about the politician’s decision-making style and some indicator of his or her emotional style (such as depression, anxiety, anger). Less balanced are indicators for policy-makers at the regional level. The differences in the degree of intensity of certain verbal indicators prepared and spontaneous texts of governors and leaders of political parties in Russia demonstrates the importance of previous sample selection for a more accurate psychological interpretation of finding in the sequel. Periods in which political texts were created can affect on the appearance of politician’s personality in it. It is also very important not to underestimate the factor of dynamics the politician’s personality, when his\her psychological traits are changing during the dealing with the power – the awareness of possibility to get the political power, acquisition of the power, use of the power, the awareness of the possibility to lose the political power, the loss of the power. Using of specially designed questionnaires for assessing of politician’s personality by ordinary citizens shows that respondents considered typical for politicians same traits which are diagnosed by the analysis of last one’s texts.

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