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2006 - American Society of Criminology (ASC) Words: 125 words || 
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1. Kissner, Jason. "An Empirical Test of a Positivistic Theory of Self-Control" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, Nov 01, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p127144_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study tests Gottfredson and Hirschi's claim, ultimately rooted in the classical tradition, that rational choice and low self-control are jointly sufficient explanations of criminal behavior. The core hypothesis tested is that variation in low self-control explains variation in criminal behavior only by virtue of its interaction with variables that are positivistic in nature. Models specify a series of interactions between self-control and learning variables, self-control and a neuroticism measure, and self-control and an extraversion measure.

The related hypothesis that a synthesis of low self-control with positivistic variables is necessary in order to explain the joint distribution of crimes and analogous acts is also explored. Testing of the hypotheses utilizes Negative Binomial, Multiple Regression, and Bivariate Probit models estimated using STATA 9.

2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Words: 47 words || 
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2. Roccu, Roberto. "Positivist, Realist and Security-Biased: IR in the Syllabi of Undergraduate Courses in Italy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p413288_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The TRIP survey has opened up a new avenue of research within IR, drawing the attention of scholars to the importance of mapping ‘the state of the art’ in different parts of the world. This paper aims to contribute to such enterprise, by focusing on the s

2011 - Seventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 143 words || 
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3. Hellén, Katarina. and Polsa, Pia. "Interpretivistic and Positivistic Meaning in Qualitative Data" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain Illini Union, Urbana, IL, May 17, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p497858_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper presents a framework for creating meaning of interpreting qualitative data. We argue that qualitative research can be viewed as a continuum ranging from a purely interpretitivistic to a positivistic standpoint and that creating meaning of qualitative data have different consequences for these research philosophical standpoints. We draw upon empirical evidence from the psychology literature suggesting that it is difficult to understand the meanings of others and that meaning creation in qualitative data is more likely to reflect the meanings, experiences, opinions, and beliefs of the researcher than the meaning of the informant. Implications for researchers taking a positivistic standpoint are, among others, to use multiple researchers for interpretation and data programs to classify qualitative data because the positivist is interested in approaching truth and avoid biased findings. Researchers taking an interpretitivistic standpoint accept these biases as a part of meaning creation.

2012 - BISA-ISA JOINT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "DIVERSITY IN THE DISCIPLINE: TENSION OR OPPORTUNITY IN RESPONDING TO GLOBAL" Words: unavailable || 
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4. Lenco, Peter. "Saving Ourselves from our Post-Positivist Future Empircism in International Relations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the BISA-ISA JOINT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "DIVERSITY IN THE DISCIPLINE: TENSION OR OPPORTUNITY IN RESPONDING TO GLOBAL", Old Town district of Edinburgh, Edinburgh Scotland UK, Jun 20, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-11-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p600071_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 29 pages || Words: 9790 words || 
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5. Rutherford, Matthew. "When Opinio Juris and State Practice Diverge: A Positivist Interpretation of the Prohibition on Mid-Conflict Rape" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p250947_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The author conducts a positivist examination of whether states regard the prohibition on mid-conflict rape as a putative rule of international law. If so, states would take measures to prevent armed regulars and irregulars from committing rape as hostilities begin, or at least investigate alleged rapes, apprehend suspects, try them in national courts or extradite them to be tried in international criminal tribunals, and punish convicted individuals after the fact. After conducting a positivist examination--i.e. looking at opinio juris and state practice--the author finds states regard the prohibition on mid-conflict rape as authoritative, given the explicit language reinforcing the prohibition in domestic statutes, military codes, and international conventions to which states give their consent. But repeated violations post-1977 (the year Additional Protocols I and II to the 1949 Geneva Conventions explicitly forbade mid-conflict rape and strengthened member states' obligation to protect women during internal and international armed conflicts) suggest the prohibition is not significantly controlling of state behavior--especially among so-called "non-Western" states. The paper then looks at how in the post-Cold War era states have increasingly consented to international organizations prosecuting cases of mid-conflict rape that states were either unable--or unwilling--to prosecute in national courts. The paper concludes by looking at a few legal theories other than positivism to see if they better determine whether the prohibition on mid-conflict rape is a putative rule of international law.

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