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1. Potter, Evan. and Copeland, Dale. "Hard Power Meets Soft Power: Applying ‘Smart Power’ to Respond to the Insurgency in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The resolution of conflicts in the 21st century will depend much more on the judicious use of a combination of soft and hard power to exercise ‘smart power’ in zones of conflict, especially when there are large asymmetries of power between the internation

2008 - The Mathematical Association of America MathFest Words: 61 words || 
2. dai, yilin. "Using Wavelet-transforms to Improve Power for Linkage Disequilibrium >> MappingUsing Wavelet-transforms to Improve Power for Linkage Disequilibrium Using Wavelet-transforms to Improve Power for Linkage Disequilibrium Mapping" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Mathematical Association of America MathFest, TBA, Madison, Wisconsin, Jul 28, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Graduate Student Paper
Abstract: We develop a powerful novel statistical method to identify genetic variants related to disease..
The new method uses wavelet-transforms on genotypes, with minimal degrees of freedom, to construct a weighted test statistic which captures significant information from multiple gene loci.Simulation is used to compare the power of the new procedure to existing, less general methods. The new statistic has significantly improved power.

2010 - ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 345 words || 
3. Morales, Elena., Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa., Moya, Miguel. and Pratto, Felicia. "Testing the Gendered Power Model in Married Couples: Gender differences in kinds of power and in fungibility of power" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting, Mark Hopkins Hotel, San Francisco, California, USA, Jul 07, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The gendered power model (Pratto & Walker, 2004) considers gender inequality to be based in four kinds of power: use of force, resource control, asymmetry in social obligations, and gender ideology. The model predicts that gender inequality in societies is due to men using force more often, controlling more material resources, and being advantaged by sexist ideology, and by women being more obliged to others. The model also holds that gender inequality is stabilized when men's domains of power (e.g., resources) are more fungible, or more easily used to gain other kinds of power (e.g., legitimacy) than women's domains of power (e.g., obligations). The present study 1) devised a measure of these four kinds of power as they pertain to adults’ daily life; 2) tested whether they vary between husbands and wives; 3) examined whether there are differences in fungibility for men’s and women’s power bases.
Our sample included 139 married Andalucian couples (30-65 years old) with children. Half were couples where both members have a paid job outside home and in the other half only husbands had paid jobs.
We followed the procedures recommended by Kenny, Kashy, and Cook (2006) for analysis of data from distinguishable dyads to account both for participants’ gender and for their marriage, because one might expect members of the same couple to be more similar than randomly paired men and women. Results showed that regardless of whether they have a paid job, women are poorer than men in all bases of power, except in social obligations. Correlations among power bases within genders showed gender differences in power fungibility. For wives, those with more obligations endorsed sexist ideology more and had fewer resources. For husbands, obligations were unrelated to any other kind of power, but more sexist husbands were more likely to use force against their wives. Further, although the same model fit both genders, the Omnibus test of distinguishability demonstrated that husbands and wives were highly distinguishable rather than interchangeable or equivalent. The ways that these forms of power play out in marriages and regarding marital satisfaction are discussed.

2006 - Rural Sociological Society Words: 141 words || 
4. Krogman, Naomi. and Caine, Ken. "Powerful or Just Plain Power-Full? A Power Analysis of Impact and Benefit Agreements in Canada’s North" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Seelbach Hilton Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky, Aug 10, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: Negotiated agreements, specifically Impact and Benefit Agreements (IBAs), between resource developers and Aboriginal communities are increasingly seen as viable approaches to assure Aboriginal communities will reap various economic benefits of resource extraction in their traditional territory. Drawing from existing literature about the social context of IBA negotiations, and their content in northern Canada, we apply Lukes’ three dimensions of power to IBAs to show how power is inequitable. We argue that IBAs do provide more direct engagement with industry and a sharing of benefits from resource development that heretofore was not provided in Northern Canada. Even so, IBAs stifle indigenous people from sharing information about benefits negotiated by other indigenous groups and social impacts of development, stifle subsequent objections to the development and its impacts, and stifle visioning about the type and pace of development appropriate for Northern indigenous people.

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Words: 181 words || 
5. Ding, Sheng. "Smart Power vs. Soft Power: A New Chapter of Power Politics in the US-China Relations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-11-22 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: : While smart power becomes soundtrack of Obama Administration’s foreign policies, soft power have received increasingly more attention from Chinese policymakers and scholars. This paper compares and contrasts the resources of America’s smart power and Chinese soft power, and discuss on the wielding of these powers in their bilateral relations. There are so many uncertainties between these two gigantic powers in the Asia-Pacific region. Will China adopt a revisionist approach and use its fast growing national power to challenge the status quo power, or continue to stay patient and low-profile in a long term? Will the U.S. step up its efforts to assemble an effective international alliance to contain China’s rise, or allow Beijing to emerge as an active and decisive leader in the Asia-Pacific region and actively engage China into the role of responsible great power? Traditional studies of US-China relations point to an inevitable conflict between a status quo power and a rising power. An analysis of America’s smart power and Chinese soft power as well as their power wielding may provide us some new cues to the future.

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