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2004 - American Political Science Association Pages: 45 pages || Words: 11930 words || 
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1. Kono, Daniel. "Explaining the Success of Preferential Trade Arrangements: A Test of Current Political-Economy Models" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Sep 02, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p59914_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Despite a large and growing literature on preferential trade arrangements (PTAs), few scholars have systematically examined why some PTAs have been more successful than others at liberalizing trade among members. In this paper I test extant hypotheses concerning intra-PTA liberalization by examining changes in intra-bloc trade from 1950-2000. I test three broad types of hypothesis: “military-systemic”, “institutional” and “demand-side”. These hypotheses, and my variables, encompass three levels of analysis: the bloc, the member country and the dyad. I find that variables from all three categories and levels of analysis have significant effects on intra-PTA trade liberalization. Explaining such liberalization thus requires attention to military, institutional and economic factors as well as to PTA-wide, national and dyadic effects.

2007 - American Political Science Association Pages: 24 pages || Words: 9138 words || 
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2. Manger, Mark. "Preferential Services Liberalization: The Case of Chile" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p211006_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Bilateral investment treaties and investment chapters in preferential trade agreements have become popular measures to guarantee investor-friendly policies. While they reassure multinational firms, they also constrain host country authorities in regulating markets to stimulate competition. These problems are widespread in service industries characterized by significant economies of scale. This paper presents case studies of the difficulties the Chilean regulatory authorities faced in regulating the financial services, telecom, and energy industries. It concludes that able regulators are necessary, but that international
agreements need to also leave enough policy freedom.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Words: 207 words || 
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3. Pickup, Mark. and Manger, Mark. "Untangling the Bowl of Spaghetti: A Model of the Spread of Preferential Trade Agreements" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p179812_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: During the past 15 years, a wave of preferential trade agreements (PTAs) has swept the world. By early 2006, the WTO counts over 250 such agreements, with another 90 under negotiation. The growing body of research has identified a host of variables to explain the proliferation of PTAs, ranging from hegemonic decline, support for allies, stalled multilateral negotiations and competition over export markets, to PTAs as an insurance policy against trade disputes.Yet the literature suffers from three conspicuous defects. First, it cannot account for the regional variation: while countries in the Western hemisphere have pursued PTAs since the early 1990s, countries in East Asia have only recently joined the trend. Second, it rests on shaky assumptions about the economic and political incentives. Finally, it lumps together all PTAs concluded since 1945, despite deep structural changes in the world economy.This paper presents a model of PTA formation and tests its predictions using a Bayesian Monte Carlo Markov Chain model that accounts for spatial and temporal dependencies in the data. The findings point towards important structural breaks: until 1990, countries mostly signed agreements with geographically close and economically similar partners. By contrast, most recent PTAs brings together countries with different factor endowments, suggesting competition between similar and neighboring countries.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 39 pages || Words: 12773 words || 
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4. Bang, Jinny. "Trade and Human Rights Revisited: The EU and Preferential Trade Agreements with Human Rights Conditionality" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p199079_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The empirical research on whether ratification of international human rights treaties improve human rights performance suggest that rarely does treaty ratification have unconditional effects on human rights. However, it has been suggested that when preferential trade agreements (PTAs) have been tied to compliance with human rights principles, they are effective in decreasing government repression. This paper focuses on the EU's PTAs with human rights conditionality to examine when and which states would sign such PTAs with the EU and whether they are effective in decreasing government repression. The findings suggest that the most robust factor in determining the signing of such PTAs is the total trade size of the EU, which reflects the incentive the EU is able to offer. The EU is more successful in signing such PTAs with African states. However, PTAs with human rights clause turn out to have little effect on improving human rights conditions, which suggests that even with tangible material benefits attached they may not be any more effective in persuading the repressive governments to abandon abuse of human rights than international human rights treaties.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 24 words || 
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5. Pevehouse, Jon. "Rules of Trade: Democracy and Legalism in Preferential Trade Agreements" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-01-24 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p84782_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We examine the determinants of institutional design choices in trade agreements using a new data set of legal rules specified in PTAs from 1950-2000.

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