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2011 - Oklahoma Research Day Words: 200 words || 
1. Settles, Valerie. "Preserving Historic Preservation: The Importance of Historic Preservation Courses in Undergraduate Interior Design Programs" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Research Day, Cameron University, Lawton, OK, Nov 04, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Design education often focuses on solutions for new spaces; however, it is increasingly important for designers to utilize existing building stock for a more sustainable design strategy. If design professionals have not had adequate education and experience working with historic buildings, valuable resources can be lost. The primary research question for this study was to discover if there had been a change in the number of projects that involved historic preservation between two time periods. The underlying focus of the study was to determine if the designers involved in those projects believed their educational background prepared them to work on historic buildings and examine their attitudes toward an increased emphasis on preservation education. Using a cross-sectional survey methodology, an online questionnaire was distributed to registered architects and interior designers in a southwestern state. Results indicated a significant increase in the percentage of interior designers involved with projects on historic buildings over the past five years; both disciplines surveyed indicated a need for more practical experience in historic preservation. Due to the low number of interior designers attending graduate school, this experience should occur during their undergraduate program to provide a solid background that benefits their practice and the larger community.

2007 - Rural Sociological Society Words: 153 words || 
2. Bastian, Christopher., McLeod, Donald M.., Hoag, Dana L.., Keske, Catherine M.. and Miller, Ashley D.. "Factors Affecting Conservation Easements for Rural Land Preservation: Agricultural Production and Amenity Preservation Through Emerging Markets" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Marriott Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California, Aug 02, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: The goal of this research is to provide information that could improve the provision of conservation easements for the purpose of helping rural communities preserve their amenities, enhance both quality of life and economic viability, while also protecting valuable natural resources for future generations. We are exploring factors affecting conservation easement transactions. Little research has been conducted regarding the market for conservation easements, despite the increase in conservation easement legislation and the growing number of land trusts. No studies have examined both the buyers and sellers of conservation easements. Focus group sessions were conducted with both agents of land trusts and rural landowners. Preliminary findings from these sessions indicate there is both overlap and divergences between land trusts and landowners regarding easement preferences. Educational efforts for landowners and land trust agents illustrating potential commonalities and areas of concern could improve the likelihood of easements being transacted in rural areas.

2014 - Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting Words: 249 words || 
3. Johnson, David., Satcher, Mike., Kelley, Lauren. and Brickley, John. "Determining the drivers of plant community structure of Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve and BCP Vireo Preserve" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Texas A&M Galveston Campus, Galveston, TX, Mar 07, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Resampling fixed plots within plant communities represents one of the strongest methods of ecosystem structure and function change detection. Towards this end, we established fixed (GPS locations) plots within Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve and adjacent Balcones Canyonlands Preserve Vireo Preserve (WB/VP), located within Austin Texas. These serve as a baseline for understanding plant community dynamics, allowing for informed management decisions. We collected plant community data using a combined line-intercept/point-frame method to quantitatively describe plant communities within WB/VP between late-May and mid-July 2013. Concurrently we collected environmental data (soil structure and composition, soil moisture, slope, aspect, fractional canopy, etc.) to estimate the predominant ecological drivers of vegetation structure. Plant community data were analyzed using hierarchical cluster analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMS), and environmental variables were used as predictors of NMS axis scores using recursive partitioning. We found five distinct plant communities within the WB/VP. These communities ordered together along two axes in an NMS ordination and roughly coincide with prior reports of plant community structure at WB/VP. Fractional canopy was the primary predictor of axis one, while soil structure was the prominent predictor of axis two. Interestingly, soil moisture alone did not predict community location within theoretical ordination space. These results suggest that biotic variables may be as important as abiotic ones in driving vegetation structure at WB/VP. Future work will involve resampling to decipher interannual and long-term dynamics of the vegetation in this system, determining how these preserves fit within the dynamics of the larger Austin socio-ecological system.

2008 - The Law and Society Association Words: 241 words || 
4. Alexander, Lisa. "Gentrification and the Birthplaces of Hip-Hop: An Affordable Housing Preservation Role for Historic Preservation Law" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Hilton Bonaventure, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 27, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Urban neighborhoods that once served as sites of affordable housing and locations for cultural transformations of historic importance are now gentrifying. In low- and moderate-income urban neighborhoods hip-hop music and dance emerged, as a socio-cultural art form, in part, as a response to the harsh realities of urban life. In New York City, for example, hip-hop culture developed in the community rooms, basements, and playgrounds of moderate and low-income housing projects. Yet, the future affordability and the cultural composition of hip-hop's original birthplaces are now uncertain. Expiring affordable housing laws are now causing a loss of affordable rental housing in New York City's birthplaces of hip-hop.

In the past, historic preservation law has often been an agent of gentrification and displacement in poor minority neighborhoods. This study explores whether historic preservation law can be reoriented to protect not only the edifices that were essential features in the evolution of hip-hop, but also their affordable status. This project requires that preservationists expand the current conception of historic preservation law to include not only historic edifices, but also historic uses that may advance critical goals such urban socio-economic, racial and ethnic diversity. My work will balance normative goals such as freedom of contract against competing goals of distribution and equity. This case study will hopefully advance legal scholarship about affordable housing preservation and discourses at the intersection of law and culture. It will also provide affordable housing advocates with additional legal tools

2013 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 429 words || 
5. Murphy, Brian. "Preserving History, Preserving Debt: Time Capsules and the Material Culture of Capitalism" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Washington, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <>
Publication Type: Internal Paper
Abstract: The Westinghouse Time Capsule of Cupaloy, deposited at the 1939 World’s Fair in New York, and the Crypt of Civilization at Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, Georgia (1940), were the first modern time capsules. Both preserved microfilm reproductions of books, sealed inside glass-lined metallic containers filled with inert gas. Materially, their objectives were similar: preserve a permanent record of human knowledge to be accessed over 5,000 years in the future. However, the Westinghouse Time Capsule was a corporate publicity stunt that enlisted support from historians and archivists, while The Crypt was a project created by an historian, Thornwell Jacobs, that solicited support from corporate sponsors. In both cases, the time capsule creators conceptualized the preservation of historical documents as the fulfillment of an obligation to future generations. Since history belongs to us in the present, as well as to future Americans, they reasoned, we owe our existing historical documents to the unborn, and so are compelled by this moral and social obligation to preserve them, precisely the kind of obligation that forms the basis of debt in David Graeber’s formulation.

In this paper, I compare The Crypt and the Westinghouse Time Capsule to illuminate how  the Westinghouse corporation used the notion of preservation as a social obligation to reinforce the value of corporate capitalism, the power of technology to lead to “a better tomorrow” (the theme of the 1939 Fair), and to deny the augmenting capacity of modern civilization to destroy itself that was so prominent in Jacobs’ thinking about why we should preserve. Up to that time, corporate interest in microfilm was limited to its use to provide duplicates of bank records. These microfilms proliferated rapidly after Kodak bought George McCarthy’s Check-o-graph Machine in 1928, and formed the Recordak Corporation. These records, Recordak argued, saved labor and storage space costs, prevented fraud, and increased the speed of financial transactions. Soon after the depositing of the Crypt and the Westinghouse Time Capsule, microfilm would become the dominant media format for the preservation of business records, as well as historical documents in the National Archives, the Library of Congress, university and public libraries, and other archives across the United States. 

The two time capsules examined here are dialectical objects that embody the contradictions of the material culture of capitalism. They intensely and precisely reflect a moment when corporations deployed microfilm  technology to preserve historical documents in order to altruistically fulfill a social obligation to future generations, even as microfilm’s preservation of financial records provided the material basis for saddling those same future generations with the debt and wealth structures that the reproduction--indeed preservation--of capitalism requires.

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