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2012 - Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 44th Annual Convention Words: 55 words || 
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1. Stolarski, Christopher. "From Press-klishe to Soiuzfoto: Photographic Agencies and Visual Aesthetics in the Soviet Illustrated Press, 1924-1931" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 44th Annual Convention, New Orleans Marriott, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p567234_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In 1931, a number of Soviet media outlets were brought together under an umbrella organization called Soiuzfoto. This paper investigates correspondence related to these early Soviet photographic agencies (Press-klishe, Union-foto, Soiuzfoto) and the way the central authorities in Moscow interacted with photographers in the field to shape Soviet photo-illustrated press materials for an international audience.

2004 - International Communication Association Pages: 26 pages || Words: 9176 words || 
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2. Aikat, Debashis. "An Imprisoned Champion of the Press: James Augustus Hicky’s Journey into Journalism as India's Press Pioneer in 1780" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p113393_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: An expatriate Irishman and a fiercely independent journalist, James Augustus Hicky published India’s first newspaper, the Bengal Gazette or the Calcutta General Advertiser in 1780. This paper narrates little-known facts about Hicky’s journalistic career, the influence of his newspaper on society and other issues not probed by earlier researchers.
Hicky quickly realized that truly distinguished newspapers should serve society, even at the risk of official displeasure. Hicky’s newspaper made interesting reading with its ample dose of scurrilous reporting, risqué advertisements reflecting the low morality in society, and scandalous accounts of the misdeeds of British administrators in India.
Soon enough, the British rulers charged him of libel. Hicky was harassed, attacked and jailed. Undaunted, Hicky continued to edit his newspaper from prison. But his publication did not survive long and the British rulers caused him immense harm and Hicky died a pauper.

2006 - International Communication Association Pages: 42 pages || Words: 15066 words || 
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3. D'Angelo, Paul. and Lombard, Matthew. "The Power of the Press: The Effects of Press Frames in Political Campaign News On Media Perceptions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Jun 16, 2006 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p91271_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper discusses how the behaviors, roles, and standards of mainstream journalism are framed in political campaign news and empirically examines applicability and accessibility effects of these frames on individuals’ thoughts and opinions of the news media. Following previous work on framing in campaign news, we posited that journalists frame the press in three ways, called conduit, strategy, and accountability. Participants in a between-subjects experiment were exposed to a campaign story about an exemplar ‘character issue’ from the 1992 primary elections containing these frames. Regarding applicability effects, each frame activated frame-related thoughts. In addition, subjects exposed to the strategy press frame interpreted the press as being significantly more negative than individuals exposed to the conduit or accountability frame; subjects exposed to the accountability press frame interpreted the press as having higher quality than individuals exposed to the conduit or strategy frame. Regarding accessibility effects, only the accountability press frame prompted individuals to access attitudes about news performance to form opinions about negativity and quality.

2009 - International Communication Association Pages: 37 pages || Words: 14545 words || 
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4. Kennis, Andrew. "Press Exceptionalism: An Analysis of Technology and Event-Driven Reporting, The “CNN Effect,” and Press Independence in Relation to the Hegemonic Models of News Media Analysis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p301113_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In the 1980s and 1990s, the common thread amongst most scholarship on news analysis was its argument that U.S. news media performance features official domination of sourcing tendencies, and that this in turn results in a lack of independence from governmental positioning on the issues in respect to its most important public policies. Since both the 1970’s and 1980’s, however, developments which include the ending of the Cold War and the advancement of information and communication technologies (such as the advent of the internet, the handheld video recorder and the satellite telephone have been responsible, it is argued, in an increase of technology and event-driven news reporting. Scholars who have undertaken this type of analysis often argue that this shift in news reporting and content reveals a more independent, cantankerous and autonomous press than what was previously observed during the Cold War era. On face value, it would seem that the divergent strains between those that research instances of press subordination and exceptionalism would sharply clash and accomplish little in terms of complementing one another and realizing theoretical advances. This paper argues the opposite to be true and elucidates how the literature on press independence and event-driven reporting actually serve to usefully inform and assist theoretical frameworks such as the indexing and propaganda models. In thoroughly surveying and critically analyzing this literature, a better understanding can be gleaned of limitations, including limits to the general patterns of news reporting discerned by both hegemonic models and also by press exceptionalism itself.

2014 - RSA Annual Meeting Words: 130 words || 
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5. Averett, Matthew. "Pressing Metal, Pressing Politics: Papal Annual Medals, 1605–1700" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the RSA Annual Meeting, New York, NY, Hilton New York, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p677509_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This paper examines papal annual medals of the seventeenth century, from Paul V to Innocent XII, paying special attention to the audience for these medals. Annual medals, issued on 29 June of each year, are timely commemorations of the important achievements of the papacy for the preceding year, and they reveal the wide range of papal political concerns. The reverses of these medals celebrate such things as the coronation of saints, the conclusion of peace treaties, and the proclamation of religious decrees. Together, annual medals demonstrate the shifting political landscape of seventeenth-century Rome: ecclesiastical concerns dominate early, architecture proliferates at mid-century, and military concerns round-out the century. A contextual examination of annual medals contributes to the ongoing assessment of the patrons and audiences of political art in early modern Rome.

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