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2015 - American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting Words: 79 words || 
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1. Reinhard, Daniel. and Payne, Troy. "Problem Complexity in Urban Areas: When Is a Park Problem More Than a Park Problem?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 71st Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, Nov 17, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-12-08 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1029720_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We present a case study of a partnership between researchers, police, and business leaders to tackle problems in an urban park in Anchorage, Alaska. We used direct observation of the park and key informant interviews to examine crime and disorder in Town Square Park. We discuss three different problem frames, or ways of understanding the constellation of park-related problems the area experiences. These problem frames each suggest different solutions and impact the likelihood of successful solutions.

2017 - American Society of Criminology Words: 207 words || 
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2. Shafer, Jillian., Zidar, Michael. and Eck, John. "Some Place Problems are Just Freaking Obvious: A Problem-solving Approach to Controlling Crime at Walmart" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-12-08 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1278658_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Considerable research, going back decades, has shown that the bulk of police work is handling minor crimes and disorder events. The application of crime analysis to improving the efficiency of policing these calls for service has been largely eclipsed by studies examining the handling of the fewer but more serious crimes. This has limited the utility of research findings to larger cities where part I crimes are of sufficient quantity to allow systematic enquiry. In this paper, we look at the efforts by a medium size police department, in Paducah Kentucky, to address larceny-theft from Walmart. We detail the work of the Paducah Police Department’s crime analyst applying the SARA process to take on shoplifting at two Walmart locations within the city. The PPD found that the policies of Walmart to handle shoplifting, like many retail stores, encourage reporting practices that reward loss prevention quotas, but waste public police resources. Using the crime analyst’s findings, the PPD worked with Walmart to alter reporting policies and procedures for theft under 500 dollars. This reduced larceny-theft reports and the City’s total crime counts in the concurrent year. We end with a discussion of the unique challenges and opportunities of analysts in small and mid-sized cities.

2004 - American Sociological Association Words: 196 words || 
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3. Flacks, Marc. "Students Researching Social Problems in Cyberspace: Problems, Pitfalls, and Promises" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-12-08 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p111318_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The presentation will discuss the pros and cons of having students use the Internet to study social problems. This is a strategy that sometimes works beautifully, but sometimes it presents problems. For example, one minor but interesting problem is that there are quite a few rock bands and punk bands who take their names from social problems. So, when students search for information on problems like "deadbeat dads" they get websites for the band known as the Deadbeat Dads. Corporate Greed is another band that students have come across in their Internet searches. But while this is an annoying--if humorous--problem, it could also work in reverse: i.e., young people searching for information on their favorite bands, may end up linking to websites of community-based organizations and other nonprofits working to solve social problems. Another issue that arises in the class is that some students seem to have difficulty recognizing that texts and copy they encounter on the Internet is written by *somebody* and that it is not OK to simply cut and paste this text into one's own work. I call this problem inadvertent or "virtual" plagiarism. I will suggest some strategies for avoiding this problem.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 124 words || 
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4. Poggiali, Lisa. "Solving Refugees? Problems or Solving the Problem of Refugees?: North/South Relations and the Politics of Repatriation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-12-08 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100594_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In the following paper I argue that in our contemporary global political climate ? which is characterized by gross power differentials between the global North and South ? the ?international humanitarian regime? conceptualizes refugees as a "problem" to be "solved". It is through this conceptualization that repatriation has become the preferred ?durable solution? to refugees? plight. Rather than solving refugees? problems, however, I contend that repatriation today serves to solve the problem of refugees. As such, I argue that repatriation is not only far from a durable solution, but far from a solution at all. I suggest that if we wish to truly help refugees find durable solutions to their problems we must first interrogate the unequal global power dynamics that produce refugee situations.

2007 - North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education Pages: 2 pages || Words: 580 words || 
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5. Gerber, Richard. and Schroeder, Thomas. "The Influence of Problem Statement Format and Problem Situation on Representation Processes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, Nevada, Oct 25, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-08 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201146_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: This paper examines cognitive structures activated as learners re-present verbal problem statements as algebraic experiences. Symbolization is viewed as a dynamic interaction among three knowledge structures. Capacity to write equations is related to the congruence among these structures. Participants’ responses are analyzed to uncover the nature of the activated knowledge. The results provide insight into learners’ cognitive structures and activity.

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