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2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
1. Lee, Namyeon. and Lee, Sungkyoung. "Effects of Infographics During Science News Processing: Prior Knowledge and Learning Process as Moderating Variables" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-08-18 <>
Publication Type: Extended Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Infographics, or informational graphics, have emerged as a popular means of conveying information in a variety of fields. In particular, infographics are considered useful for delivering information on scientific findings as it improves understanding of such matters (Frankel & DePace, 2012) by explaining specialized concepts to a general audience unfamiliar with technical jargons and context. However, there is little systematic research done to probe the underlying mechanisms on how the implementation of infographics would influence audience’ processing information containing scientific findings. This study investigates how different formats of the scientific information would influence audience’ information processing, further hypothesizes that individual characteristics moderate the message processing. In specific, this study will examine the influence of information format in science communication regarding genetically modified (GM) crops whose safety is viewed very different between the public and the scientific evidence and uses dual coding theory and elaboration likelihood model as theoretical frameworks.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 17 pages || Words: 6410 words || 
2. Slye, Ronald. "Apology as a Judicial Process in the South African Amnesty Process" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: What is the role of apology in the context of a process of accountability during a transition? Do apologies lead to reconciliation or sense of justice on the part of survivors of gross violations of human rights? The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission is the process most often cited to support the link among apologies, justice, and reconciliation. This paper will explore the linkages among these three concepts in a particular part of the South African process, that country?s amnesty process. Many of those who applied for amnesty apologized during their public hearings, often at the prompting of their attorneys. Sometimes amnesty committee members pressured applicants to apologize. Sometimes those apologies, and the other testimony of an applicant, lead a survivor to change from opposing to supporting amnesty for that individual. This paper will analyze the response of victims to apologies offered in the context of the South African amnesty process in order to ascertain whether apologies contributed to a sense of justice or reconciliation. It will be based on a thorough reading of the over 2000 days of hearings of the amnesty process, as well as interviews with applicants, survivors, attorneys, and committee members.

2005 - American Society of Criminology Words: 243 words || 
3. Ross, James. "Case Processing Decision-Making in the New York State Family Court: An Investigation of the courtroom workgroup relationships on case processing decisions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Royal York, Toronto, <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This research investigatd the case-processing of juveniles within New York State’s Family Court. The research will describe observed case processing hearings that occurred over 18 months and will attempt to develop a paradigm that incorporates the effects courtroom workgroup factors on case-processing decisions.
The present research seeks to extend previous work regarding the courtroom workgroup that is based on the general proposition that analogous to other workgroups they will utilize strategies analogous to those used by other organizational decision-makers who must perform their job functions in light of incomplete information and uncertain outcomes. The current research is concerned with achieving a more complete understanding of the mechanisms by which the relationships between courtroom workgroup members influence case-processing decisions. The focal point of this research is the development of an amalgamated paradigm based on organization theory, Black’s Sociology of the Case, and attribution theory to ameliorate the understanding of the mechanisms case processing.
It is the intent of this analysis to be an exploratory study to determine, preliminarily, the process by which judges, the county attorneys (as the manifestation of the legal embodiment of the State), the juvenile defense bar and various other courtroom workgroup participants operate as an organized set of functionally interdependent actors in the New York juvenile justice system. This research will employ the case study approach to analyze the process by which dispositional decisions are made and focus on the nature of the informal interpersonal relationships among the courtroom workgroup.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 39 pages || Words: 9825 words || 
4. Park, Byungho. "Motivational System Activation and Information Processing: Using a Video Game to Compare Emotional Responses and Cognitive Processing During Appetitive, Aversive, and Coactive States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2018-08-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: * For Consideration for the Conference within a Conference *
A large body of research suggests human emotions are organized around two basic motivational systems: the appetitive system and the aversive system (P.J. Lang, Bradley & Cuthbert, 1997). It has also been suggested that these two systems are separate, and do not always work reciprocally (Cacioppo & Gardner, 1999).
Based on this view of emotion, this study explored the variation in the activation of the appetitive and aversive motivational systems as a function of threat types in the context of video game play. One interesting notion that came from Cacioppo and his colleagues is the state of coactivation, where both motivational systems are activated at the same time. Relatively little work has been done around this idea in psychology, and communication scholars have just started to study the effect of coactivation on information processing (e.g., Lang & Sanders-Jackson, 2006)
This study used a custom-built video game to manipulate the subjects’ motivational system activation to compare three different motivational states: appetitive, aversive, and coactive. Predictions for information processing were made based on the Limited Capacity Model of Motivated Mediated Message Processing (LC4MP, Lang 2006a, 2006b). The manipulation of the targeted motivational systems was successful, and the data found general support for the theory. Overall, the findings from this study provide insight to the relationship between motivational system activation and information processing.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 180 words || 
5. Gramckow, Heike. and Kristensen, Jens. "Mapping the Criminal Case Process (RCCP) in Serbia – Using Process Maps and Resource Allocation Data for Policy and Reform Program Recommendations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: To provide input to the design of the next phase of justice sector reform in Serbia a review of the criminal case process has been conducted to identify options for access enhancing efficiency and effective delivery of different levels of legal aid. The methodology applied combines a review of the current and proposed legal framework with expert interviews and process observations to develop a functional flow chart of case processing and decision making from initial police contact through the final court decision. This information was the reviewed in combination with available case and resource allocation data and sample case file reviews to allow for triangulation of interview and observation data. This allows for identifying inefficiencies or gaps in resources allocation that contribute to delays. It provides the basis for modeling alternative processes, their potential impact and resource requirements. Mapping the process also allows for clearly identifying at what stages in the process access to legal aid is being provided, where it would be needed, and what level of legal aid would be needed at what stage.

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