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2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 489 words || 
1. Goldberg, Jessica., Bumgarner, Erin., jacobs, francine., Contreras, Mariah., Fosse, Nathan., Raskin, Maryna., Easterbrooks, Ann. and Mistry, Jayanthi. "Measuring Program Fidelity in the [Program Name] Home Visiting Program" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2018-10-18 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: With the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010), states have received over $1.5 billion for evidence-based home visiting programs, yet questions remain about how faithfully such programs are being implemented. This question is crucial for contextualizing program effects that vary considerably depending on how faithfully programs operate according to model standards (Durlak & DuPre, 2008). The proposed study informs this discussion by describing two indices of fidelity created for a statewide home visiting model evaluation. Guided by Carroll and colleagues (2007), who identified five aspects of fidelity measurement (i.e., adherence to the model, dosage, quality of service delivery, participant engagement/responsiveness, and identification of successful program elements) – we configured two indices of model fidelity: (1) program-level fidelity scores, reflecting the degree to which programs operated as intended by the model, and (2) individual-level fidelity scores, reflecting the degree to which individual evaluation participants used services as the model intends. We then explored associations between indices of fidelity and (a) maternal characteristics, and (b) other indices of program operations (e.g., duration). Finally, using a multi-level modeling (MLM) framework, we explored whether mother and child outcomes varied as a function of fidelity.
Fidelity scores were calculated using data from the program’s MIS, in which home visitors recorded all program-related activities. Data covered four fiscal years. Eleven indicators of fidelity were selected from the program’s “critical program elements” (see Table 1); both individual- and program-level fidelity scores ranged from 0 to 1, where 0 = total lack of fidelity to the program model and 1 = total adherence to the model. Program-level fidelity scores were calculated for all programs sites statewide (n = 26), averaged across fiscal years, and then assigned to each evaluation participant based on the program in which she spent the most time. Individual-level fidelity scores were calculated as a proportion of the indicators met by each evaluation participant (n = 433).
There was greater variability in individual-level fidelity scores compared to program-level fidelity (see Figure 1). Average program-level fidelity scores were quite high (M = 0.74, range 0.71- 0.80). In contrast, individual-level fidelity scores were widely distributed (M = 0.54, SD = 0.24). Program-level fidelity was not related to most indicators of mothers’ utilization, in contrast to individual-level fidelity And while program-level fidelity was not related to most maternal characteristics, Individual-level fidelity was related to several (e.g., depression, employment, living arrangements). MLM analyses indicated that outcomes varied depending on program-level fidelity; for example, mothers in higher fidelity programs had a lower probability of cigarette smoking and drug use, and had children who scored higher on child responsiveness. Unlike the case of program-level fidelity, associations between individual-level fidelity and outcomes were not always in the expected direction. For example, mothers with higher individual-level fidelity scores were less likely to have a repeat birth within two years, but more likely to report intimate partner violence. These results suggest additional program strategies for participant outreach and engagement.

2009 - NCA 95th Annual Convention Words: 125 words || 
2. Jensen, Scott. and Jensen, Gina. "Generational differences, stress-adaptation, and program stability: Identifying exigencies and strategies for enculturating millennials into forensic programs" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 95th Annual Convention, Chicago Hilton & Towers, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2018-10-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Much attention has been paid to the nature of generations and how each differs from those previous to it. Literature and experience all suggest that a number of factors influence particular traits that define generations—traits that ultimately impact the cultures in which the members of these generations live and communicate. This paper examines the current generation of college students—millennials. In particular, the paper examines the unique face of this generation and particular challenges created by the nature of today’s college student for forensic programs. Both exigencies and celebrations created by millennials are discussed, as are strategies for both adaptation and maintenance of essential tenets of the program. An application of the stress-adaptation-growth model for cultural adaptation is given particular attention.

2011 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 116 words || 
3. Zajac, Gary. and Bucklen, Kristofer. "Pennsylvania’s State Intermediate Punishment (SIP) Program: Early Evidence of Program Effectiveness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Washington Hilton, Washington, DC, <Not Available>. 2018-10-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The SIP program has undergone several rounds of evaluation to date, finding consistent evidence of promising effects. The most recent study, conducted by the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections, finds a significant reduction in recidivism as well as substantial cost savings from the program. The report indicates a 30 percentage point lower reincarceration rate for SIP participants when compared to a similar group of non-SIP offenders. Further, the report estimates that the Commonwealth saves approximately $34,190 per SIP participant. While more research remains to be done, we have a basis for concluding that SIP is at the least a promising approach to providing services to addicted offenders, reducing recidivism and saving money.

2013 - 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 214 words || 
4. Christensen, Sine. and Biseth, Heidi. "From a Monitoring Tool to a Programming Instrument: Developing Quality Education to a Signature Program" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 57th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Hilton Riverside Hotel, New Orleans, LA, <Not Available>. 2018-10-18 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: In Save the Children’s Education Strategy for 2012-15, Moving ahead on education, the first strategic objective within the basic education sector is: “Schools and informal learning situations supported by Save the Children are Quality Learning Environments (QLEs).”

After the Education for All (EFA) goals and the second Millennium Development Goal placed education on the global policy and advocacy agenda, we have witnessed a huge increase in the number of children enrolling in school. However, these children are exiting the school system without the basic necessary reading and writing skills and other relevant competencies. Save the Children’s QLE monitoring indicator is the methodology through which Save the Children can strategically improve the effectiveness of our education programs and strengthen the connection between the learning process and learning outcomes for children and youth. The principles upon which this framework is based mandate the provision of an increasingly safe, protective, inclusive, child-centered and participatory learning environment for children, youth and other stakeholders. In this presentation, Save the Children Norway will present and discuss their experiences with the Quality Learning Environment framework as a holistic assessment tool and a planning/program development guide that effectively focuses interventions to increase the quality of education for children and youth and ensure they are achieving critical competencies to be productive and successful citizens.

2013 - Ninth Annual Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 148 words || 
5. Glover-Kudon, Rebecca., Rohan, Elizabeth., DeGroff, Amy., Preissle, Judith. and Boehm, Jennifer. "Seasons of a Program’s Life: Using Metaphor to Understand Program Growth and Development" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Ninth Annual Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 15, 2013 <Not Available>. 2018-10-18 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While metaphors generate insight and represent complexity in an accessible way, this analytic tool is underutilized in practice settings. As part of a four-year, multisite evaluation of a colorectal cancer screening demonstration program funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a qualitative research team applied a human development metaphor to understand implementation processes across the programmatic lifespan. Our analytic procedures followed a sequence of construction, deconstruction, and reconstruction of the metaphor to interpretively render a program maturation trajectory. Using illustrative examples of birthing, rearing, and mourning the program, we explicate how use of the metaphor exposed the implicit experiences of program staff and revealed important programmatic milestones. As a cautionary tale for qualitative researchers and evaluators working in real-world practice settings, we will also share unexpected challenges we encountered around our use of the metaphor itself and metaphor as an analytic technique.

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