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2008 - American Studies Association Annual Meeting Words: 496 words || 
1. Hill, Vicky. "Psychology, Class Normativity, and the “Sweats”: Working-Class Men’s Magazines and the Postwar Psychology Boom" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Oct 16, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-03-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Psychology’s explosive growth in the postwar period has been well documented, as has the concurrent expansion of psychological ideas, language, and worldviews into the broader American culture, leading to what prominent theorists have called a “therapeutic culture.” It is clear that the concepts and practices of psychology have become an essential part of the fabric of modern American society. But which “American society” has psychology become such an integral part of? In the wake of earlier work critiquing psychology’s blind acceptance of racial and gender norms, recent scholars have begun to analyze how psychology reflects and reinforces the worldview of the middle and upper classes.
If psychology has unthinkingly promoted middle-class values, self presentations, and ways of being as “normal,” how do members of the working classes perceive a psychology that frames them as non-normative? This paper explores that question by examining how a particular working-class medium did navigate ideas of psychology in the postwar period. Men’s adventure magazines, known in the trade as “armpit slicks,” “men’s sweat magazines,” or “the sweats,” were widely popular in the 1950s. Aimed at working-class white men, sweats were the direct descendants of the earlier pulps, though printed in a larger format and on more expensive paper to appeal to the newly affluent average Joe. Between their heyday in the 1950s and their swan song in the 1970s, more than 100 titles, such as Real, True, Bold Men, and Rugged, regaled readers with tales of danger and heroism. In addition, they, like mainstream American periodicals, wrote about the “new” phenomenon of psychology. But while Newsweek advocated “fine tuning” one’s emotions and Life declared the 1950s the “Age of Psychology,” the sweats took a different approach.
Psychology in the sweats was often used to camouflage sexually titillating pieces such as “The TRUE Story of the Most Widespread Female Abnormality: Are Nymphomaniacs Normal?” with a veneer of scientific legitimacy, mocking the perceived pretensions of psychology and intellectualism in the process. But some articles hinted at readers’ fears as well as their fantasies. Normalcy was a recurring theme (“Self Test: How Normal Are Your Sex Needs?” is typical), but so were darker fears, as evidenced by “A Story Every Man Should Read: Are You Afraid of Sex?” and “Castration: Man’s Greatest Fear.” Homosexuality was also a surprisingly frequent trope. Other recurring themes suggest anxieties over gender roles (“The American Male Is No Longer a Man Says a Woman Psychologist”), professionalization, and status. At the same time, the sweats valorized working-class ways of thinking, feeling, and perceiving in contrast to those of psychological professionals, who were often portrayed as unnatural or inauthentic.
Relying on close readings and rhetorical analyses of the substantial collection of men’s adventure magazines at Michigan State University, and using Michael Denning’s Mechanic Accents and Erin Smith's Hard-Boiled as methodological models, this paper teases out not only how working-class readers made sense of the world through the sweats, but also how they made sense of—and use of—the increasingly ubiquitous norms of psychology.

2011 - ISPP 34th Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 224 words || 
2. "The Political Economy and Psychological Conditions of Possibility: Exploring the Social Psychology of Co-existence" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 34th Annual Scientific Meeting, Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey, Jul 09, 2011 <Not Available>. 2019-03-25 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper argues for a different two-pronged approach (against the social psychological mainstream ‘optimal contact’ approach) to the study of inter-group relations. On the one hand, are the taken for granted objective structural arrangements that simultaneously make it possible or almost impossible for certain social agents to form social associations. On the other hand, is a consideration of the cognitive and emotive life that emerges amongst social agents in contexts of structurally influenced social associations but also to the ‘intangible work’ of personal and social identity performed in the context of friendship ties and social networks (i.e. structurally influenced social associations). Respectively, one can speak of a political economy of conditions of possible social associations and a social psychology of social co-existence. Taken together, this means that both sociological and psychological (which are simultaneously political and economic) dimensions of social co-existence and associations have to be given equal weight when studying inter-group relations. In the final analysis, the paper argues that a broader and multi-disciplinary epistemological, theoretical and methodological framework although difficult to work with, offers insightful and deeper understanding of social co-existence. Furthermore, it reveals varied obstacles to the South African political project of nation building that imagines and promotes South Africa as a ‘Rainbow Nation’. The data presented in this paper is taken from the pilot material of my current PhD project.

2015 - 15th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action Words: 306 words || 
3. Tebes, Jacob. "Philosophical Foundations of Community Psychology: Implications for Community Psychology Research and Practice" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 15th Biennial Conference of the Society for Community Research and Action, UMass Lowell Inn & Conference Center, Lowell, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-03-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Philosophy of science is the intellectual scaffolding for science – how it is conceptualized, communicated, and practiced (Tebes, Thai, & Matlin, 2014). In this presentation, I summarize four central philosophy of science traditions -- perspectivism, pragmatism, feminism, and critical theory -- that provide a foundation for community psychology science and practice.
Perspectivism is a philosophy of science critique of the logical empiricist view that has dominated 20th century thought. It holds that all knowledge: a) is dependent on the observer’s point of view, b) is imperfect and incomplete, c) and is subject to social and cultural influences (Tebes, 2012; Tebes, 2014). Perspectivism provides a foundation for contemporary science, including community psychology. Pragmatism had its roots in 20th century American philosophy that criticized the standard view of science because it did not offer a suitable approach for understanding human meaning and action. It is a precursor to constructivism, a cornerstone of community psychology research and practice. Feminism represents the philosophical position closely aligned with what most community psychologists actually think and do, thus influencing theory, research, and practice. Feminism’s ascendance in 20th century philosophy coincided with community psychology’s emergence within psychology. Finally, critical theory is a widely accepted philosophical tradition within community psychology, and relevant to its theory, research, and practice. With roots in early 20th century European philosophy offering a critique of society, critical theory incorporates diverse perspectives in understanding power, privilege, oppression, and action.
Each tradition: 1) accepts constructivism as a basis for knowledge; 2) derives knowledge from systematic empirical observations accepted within its scholarly community; 3) recognizes that all knowledge is flawed and dependent on one’s context, culture, and history; and, 4) to varying degrees, utilizes knowledge as a basis for action. I illustrate these philosophical traditions by anchoring them in the community psychology’s core principles and practice competencies.

4. Koopman, Cheryl. "Applying Psychology to Understanding International Studies: Illustrations from Psychological Perspectives on Traumatic Stress" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-03-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Psychology is a vast and ever changing field that has generated a variety of paradigms, specialties and subspecialties that continue to be under-tapped by scholars in international studies. For example, my subspecialty in the psychology of traumatic stress can be used to generate original ideas, models and practical applications for addressing problems in international relations. We can ask questions at the level of understanding the views of individual leaders that affect international relations, e.g., to consider the influence that a childhood experience of a church bombing in Birmingham Alabama may have had on the foreign policy views of U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Alternatively, we can ask questions at a larger societal level about the effects of trauma, e.g., the relationships between perceived threat, fear, and foreign policy views in the American public after the September 11 2001 terrorism attacks. We can also turn around the question and create and test models linking structural and other variables at the international level to incidents of torture and other types of political violence and their psychological consequences. Although such investigations appear promising, those that exist are in their infancy.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6834 words || 
5. Pittman, LaShawnDa. "Creating “Psychological Hygiene” from the Ground Up: African American Women and Psychological Well-Being." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <PDF>. 2019-03-25 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Past efforts to conceptualize the mental health of African American women have applied traditional mental health models a priori to this and other minority groups; often leading to inconsistent and inconclusive findings related to mental health components and processes. Such research has mainly focused on defining and testing for mental health using an objective set of measures and conceptual definitions of mental health that have failed to consider both structural and individual variables, as well as mental health processes that directly influence mental health. In-depth interviews with 20 African American women identified as having mental health in three U.S. metropolitan cities show that mental health is an active pursuit that is supported through the use of a deconstructive/reconstructive process, in addition to other coping mechanisms. Deconstruction is an interpretive process that involves recognizing and externalizing factors affecting one’s mental health and is shaped by one’s relative position to her social environment. Participants use the deconstructive process to identify four early childhood socialization practices and three factors shaping their adulthood that negatively impact their mental functioning. I argue that deconstruction alone is insufficient to maintaining a healthy state of mind. Reconstruction, or the ability to transform potential mental health threats into effective counterstrategies is a significant mental health process; this research discusses four counterstrategies used by participants. Reconstruction strategies depend on one’s race, gender, sexuality, religious beliefs/practices, mothering and marital status, age and available coping resources.

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