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2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 35 pages || Words: 9150 words || 
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1. King, Stephen. "Teaching Public Management in the Public Interest: Using the New Public Service Model to Teach Undergraduates in Political Science and Public Administration" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 20, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p140908_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Teaching public management to undergraduate students is challenging. This paper examines one such attempt: to explain public management to undergraduate political science students enrolled in an introductory public administration course. In recent decades, much has been written about managing the public sector more like a business and less like a government. Government management is generally termed wasteful and paper focuses less on how to teach public management in the public interest to undergraduates and more on what should be taught about public management in the public interest. In order to accomplish this goal the paper does three things: 1) it defines public management, 2) describes several competing theories of public management, 3) explains how the New Public Service is applied to various public management situations and realities, and 4) offers conclusions and implications for teaching and research in public management.

2009 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 491 words || 
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2. Dremock, Fae. "Public Trust or Public Risk?: Low-Information-Rationality Frames, Contamination, and a Public Water Utility" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Hyatt Regency Crystal City, Crystal City, VA, Oct 28, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p372893_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Brossard, Scheufele, and others have argued the effectiveness of low-information rationality (LIR) frames in communicating science to the public. LIR frames, however, are not intended to increase understanding of science but to facilitate the public acceptance of science policy or technology implementations. As such, LIR frames position public trust as a product of effective "marketing," yet can also put the credibility of institutions at risk when an affected public seeks transparency in decisionmaking. Similarly, when LIR frames are used to inform fallback communication during times of extended crisis, they can not only contribute to the instability of public trust and the loss of credibility of public institutions. Witness, for example, the shifts in credibility and trust of experts/authority, although to different ends and in different contexts, in reaction to the “work” of U.S. AIDS activists (Epstein, 2000) and Cumbrian farmers (Wynne, 1992).
In this proposal, I suggest that the policy of using LIR outreach frames can also lead to heightened risk to the public. In the case reported here, a neighborhood-led challenge to an implicit LIR frame of public outreach related to the presence of carbon tetrachloride in a regional well grew into a conflict over issues of lay expertise, the credibility of the city public health department, and trust in the water utility. The utility’s long-standing model of public communication was countered by activists, who negotiated joint utility-activist public meetings, who sought the expertise of regional hydrogeologists, and who questioned the wisdom of the “science”-based decisions used to determine safety of their drinking water. The incident I examine occurred when the challenge to utility outreach was at its height and had already resulted both in a new communication plan and in substantial media coverage. During a short-lived chemical contamination of a different city well, the utility returned to their more “comfortable” communication frame. The enduring strength of this LIR model within the utility culture worsened the public risk: It contributed to the failure of the utility to provide information to residents who complained of water containing substantial particulate. It led to under-communication of risk to the staff flushing the street hydrants without precautions for skin and lung exposure. It meant that neither the mayor's office nor city public health was informed of the event until 24 hours later. And it perhaps also helps explain why, despite a broken valve, a suddenly nonfunctioning cardlock on the wellhouse (which delayed awareness of contamination), and water that both stank and in places ran out as black sludge, no one collected water samples for later analysis. As a result, the utility was able neither to ascertain the level of contamination nor verify the absence of other contaminants. The decision not to communicate what as considered to be the science of the situation to any but those in the water utility in charge of maintaining the public trust not only led to dramatic dissolution of that trust but also heightened the risk to the public.

2010 - NCA 96th Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 7426 words || 
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3. Lee, Hyung Min., Wang, Kevin. and Hong, Yejin. "Public Diplomacy in Disguise? A Critical Analysis of Nation-States’ Public Diplomacy Communication in Virtual Public Spheres" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Nov 13, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p426437_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examined the determinant and agenda behind the allegedly more transparent, mutual, and genuine public diplomacy communication via the Web. Findings suggested that nation-states’ economic interests and motives are considerable factors that influence the quality and content of virtual public diplomacy. Further, the self-interested and goal-directed nature of public diplomacy communication was evidenced through analysis of the objectives, key issues, and publics addressed and highlighted in nation-states’ virtual public diplomacy forums.

2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 9170 words || 
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4. Li, Muyang. "Distorted Public Discourse and the Pseudo-Public in Chinese Public Sphere" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p725468_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: China’s media has been long tightly controlled by the government. However, the information technology has offered Chinese an alternative to give their voice. Facing the growing opinion gathering on microblog, the authority decides to apply “Real Name Policy”, which forced users to give their real name in the name of “build a healthy online environment”, to microblog users. By analyzing the contents from Chinese microblog and news articles from official news outlet which consist with newspapers, official websites and other related websites, we find that the attitudes on Real Name Policy from the unofficial sources that dominated by the general public are significantly different from those from official sources: the former is much more negative.
Accepting that there are different discourses of public in the Chinese Context, based on the theory of formal and informal public sphere we argue that the officials are trying to construct a pseudo-public. It is a sphere connected officials and the public, in which the official hired online commentators, as well as authority-controlled traditional media, disguised as common people and pretend to distort public opinion. In this way, the government aims to legitimate the application of Real Name Policy. Using this as a focal point, this research is also trying to explore the contradiction and connection between formal and informal public sphere in the Chinese context, and examine the potential threat brought by 50-Cent Party to online deliberation.

2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 8696 words || 
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5. Plowman, Kenneth. and Walton, Susan. "Playing to Publics: The Role of the Media and Public Relations in Negotiating Public Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 17, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p640453_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In 2007 there was considerable public controversy over a public funding model for the eventual Real Salt Lake soccer stadium in Utah. Previous research found that public conversations take on a different character when discussants play directly to a media audience. In 2011 the researchers wanted to further examine how public policy practitioners dealt effectively with media scrutiny in the real world? And, how, if at all, the media can be leveraged as an effective communications tool in public policy negotiations?”

Ten public relations strategies that have been developed in two-way public relations and conflict resolution were evaluated with participation from government, the media, and public relations personnel representing RSL. Findings showed that the influence of the media lengthened the time of the controversy but it played a vital role in educating different publics on the issue. Public relations personnel were influential to help reach compromise on the issues until the public vote that approved the stadium.

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