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2013 - Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention Words: 48 words || 
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1. Case, Holly. "Burning Questions: The 1830s and the Shared Origins of the Eastern Question, the Jewish Question, and the Polish Question" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p647967_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The 19th century is the century of questions. It saw the emergence of the Eastern Question, the Jewish Question and the Polish Question. Why did these questions emerge roughly at the same time in the 1830s and what does their emergence reveal about Europe's history of the time?

2018 - Northeastern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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2. Sotiriu, Sabrina. "The Question of the Question: the Role of Ballot-Box Questions in Independence Referenda" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Bonaventure Hotel, Montreal, Canada, Jan 08, 2018 Online <PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1426270_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: While a lot of ink has been spilled on independence referenda in recent decades, individual characteristics of referenda have seldom been the focus of research in comparative politics. In my paper I look at the role of ballot-box questions, specifically on the notion of independence in the 2014 Scottish case, and in the 1995 Quebec referendum, but more broadly on the debate in each case. While recent literature argues that the question has no effect/importance in independence referenda (Rocher & Lecours, 2018), in my paper through discourse analysis on a wide number of speeches given by leaders of each camp in the two referenda I look for evidence on the discursive role of the question in the two debates – if it distracts from touching on policies, identity etc and if at all shapes the meaning of independence presented in the two referendum questions that voters ultimately voted on.

I conclude that while the academic literature may agree/propose that the question does not matter (by comparison with other factors), politically however it is a very important and useful tool instrumentalized by whichever campaign can benefit from using it to score media attention, derail the debate from the messages of their opponents, or persuade/dissuade voters. As such it should not be discredited as less important, since a lot of time was spent decrying the long, unclear question in the 1995 referendum in Quebec, as well as negotiating and approving a short, clear question in the more recent attempt in Scotland.

2008 - NCA 94th Annual Convention Words: 184 words || 
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3. Paine, Richard. "The Question is the Question: Analyzing the Value of Requiring Research Questions in Competitive Forensics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p255145_index.html>
Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: It has become common practice for forensics competitors, during the introductory sections of their speeches, to pose a research question which functions in many ways like a thesis for the speech and purports to provide a direction for the analysis and conclusions which follow. But are these research questions meaningful, or are they simply a convention which misrepresents the actual nature of the competitive speech? This paper will examine this question by considering such issues as: (1) the history of using research questions in competitive communication analysis, (2) a comparison and contrast of the nature and roles of research questions in competitive vs. other scholarly writing, (3) the degree to which research questions clarify vs. distort the analytical flow of speeches, (4) the impact of rhetorical questions on the other elements of competitive speeches (choice of methodology, application of method, drawing of conclusions), (5) the tendency of research questions to enhance vs. damage the quality of analysis conducted by forensics competitors, and (6) an assessment of the impact/significance of this issue on students preparing for advanced study in the communication discipline.

2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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4. Perez, Lauren. "Questioning Europe: Explaining EU Questions in National Parliaments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1116712_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines the use of parliamentary questions as a tool for members of national parliaments to oversee their governments’ actions in regard to EU policy.

In an age of increasing Euroskepticism and concerns about the democratic deficit, one potential solution is to increase the role of the national parliaments. However, there is substantial variation in how involved the national parliaments are in European politics. It is important that we understand why some parliaments are more involved than others, which will also help us understand if they could all realistically be involved enough to help bridge the democratic deficit. Parliamentary questions are one of the ways that national parliaments can play a role in European affairs, and this paper presents original data on the number and type of parliamentary questions and attempts to explain the cross-national variation. Parliamentary questions are of particular interest because they differ from other types of parliamentary involvement, such as transposition or the European Affairs Committees, in that they are more individual, more public, and less institutionalized. They are also available to the opposition. Therefore, as expected, I find that some of the factors affecting parliamentary involvement through questions differ from those that have been found to matter for other types of involvement. In particular, the typical balance of power between the executive and parliament is much less predominant than in other research. Public Euroskepticism is particularly important. Interestingly, some other forms of involvement also tend to decrease question asking.

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