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2017 - LRA Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
1. Flynn, Jill. "The Racial Literacy Framework: Cultivating Racial Understanding and Teaching for Racial Justice" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the LRA Annual Conference, Tampa Marriott Waterside Hotel & Marina, Tampa, FL, Nov 29, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-15 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed

2013 - 37th Annual National Council for Black Studies Words: 412 words || 
2. Jordan, Joseph. "Post-Racial Before Post-Racial Was Cool: Sidney Poitier and Hollywood’s Quest for a De-racialized Blackness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 37th Annual National Council for Black Studies, The Westin Hotel - Downtown, Indianapolis, ID, <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <>
Publication Type: Panelist Abstract
Abstract: Beginning with his role as Dr. Luther Brooks in No Way Out (1950) Sidney Poitier provided the central element of a filmic narrative that corresponded to a more encompassing racial narrative and vision that had been crafted in the socio-political realm. Poitier’s string of successful films that followed No Way Out shared, for the most part, a formula which emphasized forbearance and reserved stoicism which, ostensibly, spoke to a kind of racial nobility.
This image and narrative were crafted and promoted as black middle-class value (although not necessarily the unilateral preserve of the small black middle class of the era) that was etched into the national lexicon in the now disdained phrase, “he is a credit to his race”. As well, particularly if we understand film to be “…a system of representation that produces and reproduces cultural signification…” and, therefore, it will “…ineluctably tied up with questions of class.” Therefore, a key assertion of this paper is that Poitier, as the filmic counterpart to Edward Brooke and Martin Luther King, Jr., in politics and public affairs, Robinson and then Mays and Aaron and Floyd Patterson in sports, and Sammy Davis, Jr. and Duke Ellington in music, provided a masterful appropriation of black middle class aspirations. This, coupled with his ability to fashion a non-threatening raciality provided the conditions for a “post-racial aesthetic” that was as wholly unsustainable as it was unreal.
Poitier appeared in over 30 films between 1950 and 1971, almost always as the only black character with feature billing, or as the only black character counter-positioned against an ultra-heroic, sympathetic, or anti-heroic white character. Poitier’s ability to produce a noble or transcendent blackness created a specific aesthetic premise that follows earlier but uneven efforts towards the same goal. His work can be juxtaposed to other noble black characters including the loyal maid or manservant; the sacrificial soldier, or the dependable sidekick. Despite Poitier’s enobling mission, my thesis asserts that the characters he created were, in reality, creations of mainstream white America’s liberal vision of race and race relations. This post-racial longing on the part of Hollywood can be seen as prologue to subsequent periods with, perhaps newer de-raced personages including Denzel Washington, Morgan Freeman, and Will Smith.
I conclude by constructing an “aesthetic field map” that illustrates the connections between the class, race and generational factors at play. These factors are then grounded in a wider conceptual framework that examines the dialectic of post-war socio-politics and pre-black arts movement dynamics.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Words: 37 words || 
3. Hong, Ji Yeon. "Implicit Racial Unbiasedness: Breaking Racial Bias through Racially Heterogeneous Non-political Organization" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study examines how the non-political organization can reduce racial bias. This study will contribute to solve the long debate between threat theory and social interaction theory by introducing the concept of 'saliency' of the ethnic group

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