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2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 18 pages || Words: 10443 words || 
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1. Féron, Elise. "Religions and Conflicts. Religions as Root Causes or as Triggering Factors?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p178805_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: According to some authors, religiously divided societies are more prone to intense conflicts than countries where people have conflicting claims to resources based on interest groups or language divisions, and it is in societies where one big religious cleavage transcends all the others that conflict is considered to be the most likely. However, contemporary cases of conflict show that no straightforward conclusion should be taken concerning the real impact of religious differences, without a closer look at the real influence of clergy and faith in the conflict, and at the extent to which actors in conflict frame it in religious terms. In the Sand?ak region of ex-Yugoslavia for instance, it is in fact the pre-existing conflict between ethnic groups that has increased the religious consciousness of the population. This growing faith has in turn generated its own dynamic of estrangement and dissociation from other groups. Even in cases where the conflict is framed, both by internal and external actors, in religious terms, religion is not necessarily the main issue or cause of the conflict. In the Northern Irish case for example, the salience of religion is not a function of the ritual and doctrinal content of the religions themselves, but of the cultural significance of religion as a marker of identity. A similar discrepancy can be found in the Cyprus case, where religious differences, which seem quite obvious, do not play a major role in the current opposition between the populations living North and South of the border.

2010 - NCA 96th Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 8430 words || 
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2. Heston, Kevin. "Backroom Religion in Three-Dimensional Cyberspace: Religion and socialized residents of Second Life." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Nov 13, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p425860_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: New technology enhances the sensorium and interactivity of cyberspace and deepens cybersocial relationships and religious experiences. Original ethnographic research in the 3-D cyberworld, Second Life, published accounts of televangelism and email religion illuminate the Christian individual among the social tensions of multiple ideologies. The user constructed “virtual physicality” and hyper-interactive nature of SL constitutes a highly expressive form of message exchange that enables deeply felt relationships and private and personal mediated religion.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Marsala, Miles. "Religion, Geography, and Euthanasia: The Effects of Religion and Geography on American Approval of Euthanasia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1253648_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Improvements in medical technology over the past several decades have increased the ability of medical professionals to prolong life and increase comfort. However, as Americans lifespans increase, there are also increases in healthcare costs. With a disproportionate amount of healthcare costs being spent in the final months of life, people are seeking ways to decrease costs without compromising care. Euthanasia has been debated as an end-of-life option for centuries with the majority of contemporary Americans in favor of the option. People’s attitudes on euthanasia are known to be influence by religion. What this paper explores is how Americans’ attitudes toward euthanasia have changed over time by both religion and geography—region of country and urban/rural divides—and whether the effects of religion or geography are stronger. In addition to religion and geography, the effects of race, class, and gender will also be explored. Such knowledge will assist policy makers and medical professionals in their attempts to decrease costs without compromising care for everyone.

2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Words: 176 words || 
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4. Bader, Chris., Porter, Nathaniel. and Gurrentz, Benjamin. "10. The Association of Religion Data Archives, The Association of Religion Data Archives" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1155213_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) provides free access to the highest quality data on religion. The ARDA allows you to interactively explore American and international data using online features for generating national profiles, maps, church membership overviews, GIS mapping, QuickStats, QuickLists, denominational heritage trees, tables, charts, and other summary reports. Nearly 1000 data files are available for online preview (including multiple years of the General Social Survey) and virtually all can be downloaded free of charge. There is a Learning Center with detailed lesson plans for instructors, Learning Modules for students, YouTube videos of different religious groups, an expanded dictionary of religious and statistical terms, guidelines for observing religious groups, and other interactive online tools. New to the ARDA are interactive Religion Timelines. These allow users to explore the most significant events and people in the history of American religion. Housed in the Social Science Research Institute at the Pennsylvania State University, the ARDA is funded by the Lilly Endowment, the John Templeton Foundation, the Pennsylvania State University, and Chapman University.

2008 - MPSA Annual National Conference Pages: 39 pages || Words: 10547 words || 
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5. Fox, Jonathan. "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual National Conference, Palmer House Hotel, Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 03, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p268911_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines whether 169 states follow three types of religion clauses in their constitutions. The presence of these clauses, using variables based on an independent data collection, is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a pattern which reflects both lack of full observance of these constitutional clauses and that these clauses have at best a limited impact on government behavior. In multi-variate analyses there is no correlation between clauses protectiong religious freedom and levels of religious discrimination and the bivariate analysis shows that most states with such clauses engage in religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

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