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2014 - Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology Words: 137 words || 
1. Feldman, Ofer. and Kinoshita, Ken. "Televised Political Interviews in Japan: Straight Replies, Honest Replies, and the Rest" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Ergife Palace Hotel, Rome, Italy, <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Abstract: This paper analyzes live (i.e. not taped or edited) televised interviews with Japanese politicians and examines their spontaneous reactions as they answering questions. Specifically, the paper details how leading Japanese politicians handle and respond to a wide range of questions posed to them during interviews, and evaluates the significance of these talk shows in the broad context of political communication in Japan. The data comes from interviews conducted on three daily and weekly television programs during a period of 13 months--from June 2012 through June of 2013. To follow the course of questions and answers, the study focused mainly and examined, while utilizing a special coding sheet, on political interviews with a single interviewee. In total the sample includes data from 182 interviewees from all political parties and groups in Japan.

Keywords: Communication, Television, Interviews, Questions, Equivocation, Japan

2018 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 17161 words || 
2. Stoner, Alexander. "Nature, Totality, and Social Mediation: A Reply to Foster’s False Polarizations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center & Philadelphia Marriott, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 09, 2018 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: John Bellamy Foster recently described the post-WWII period as an ‘Age of Ecological Enlightenment’—represented by increasingly sophisticated knowledge of objective biophysical threat (culminating in the concept of the Anthropcoene), coupled with the rise of the contemporary environmentalism and the more recent growth of a radical global environmental movement. Against these positive developments Foster identifies the problem of hopelessness, which he traces back to Horkheimer and Adorno’s (2002 [1947]) Dialectic of Enlightenment, as an important barrier inhibiting ecosocialist praxis. However, as this paper will endeavor to demonstrate, Foster’s positive affirmation of ‘ecological enlightenment’ is the result of his traditional Marxist theoretical framework. In contrast to Foster’s ‘environmental class struggle’ of owners vs workers, this paper argues the importance of understanding Marx as a critical theorist. The environmental class struggle in the critical Marxian sense refers not to conflict but to contradiction: the self-contradiction of wage-labor and capital, between bourgeois social relations and industrial forces of production. Left and Right refer not to these sides of the contradiction of capital, but rather to estimations of social potential and possibility—progressive vs conservative estimations of freedom. This is not determined according to a formula or strict schema, as Foster would have it, but is always a matter of judgment affected by ideology.

2006 - American Political Science Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 9840 words || 
3. Gaus, Gerald. "A Reply to Christopher Eberle's Religious Convictions in Liberal Politics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Marriott, Loews Philadelphia, and the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 31, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Proceeding
Abstract: This is a much revised version of my review of Eberle's Religious Convictions in Liberal Politics, which originally appeared in the Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, March 2003. Here, however, I revise some of my earlier views, arguing that the Principle of Public Justification, which requires that all non-wrongful coercive laws must be able to be rationally validated by all citizens does not endorse any so-called "principles of restraint" on the part of citizens. The moral principles connecting what laws are wrong to what sorts of speech and action is required of citizens are much more complex than is usually realized. Given this, I argue that justificatory liberalism places no onerous demands on religious citizens. Nevertheless, I continue to argue that Eerble's position manifests disrespect for the moral equality of other non-religious rational moral persons.

2009 - 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions Words: 480 words || 
4. Wellner, Galit. "Is Google Making Us Stupid?: Possible Replies By Bourdieu and Butler" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 4S Annual Meeting - Abstract and Session Submissions, Hyatt Regency Crystal City, Crystal City, VA, Oct 28, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Paper Abstract
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Carr’s article "Is Google Making Us Stupid?" ( invokes thoughts on where thought is stored, what is thought, and how thought should be thought. Carr claims Google changed the way he reads (“Once I was a scuba diver in the sea of words. Now I zip along the surface like a guy on a Jet Ski”) and thinks.
There is no dispute that technologies change the way people think: Nietzsche’s writing became more telegraphic with the introduction of typewriter; Mumford showed how the clock changed the concept of time; and the Internet makes us operate (and think) in leaps – from one hyperlink to another, to blinking advertisements and to popping email messages. Carr claims our physical brain has changed based on developmental psychology claims, according to which “the media or other technologies we use in learning and practicing the craft of reading play an important part in shaping the neural circuits inside our brains.”
Behind this change, we find Google whose “headquarters —the Googleplex—is the Internet’s high church, and the religion practiced inside its walls is Taylorism”. And behind Google, there are hiding commercial interests of Google and its partners, aimed at accelerating our browsing, so we pass through more and more links, thereby increasing their own profits.
The fact that such change in the way of thinking happened to so many people at the same time calls for Bourdieu-ian analysis, using “habitus” and “field” as key notions. Is Google a producer in the field? Like the field of art, Google produced new ways of thinking when there was no concrete demand for them, but it is a more of a replaceable producer (like in the bureaucracy field) rather than irreplaceable (like the fields of art or fashion). This is because Google does not produce information but only manipulates it. Its strength lies in users’ belief that if they search via Google they would find all they need, replacing previous belief that all your search needs will be answered in the library.
While the direction of Bourdieu-ian analysis is from society to the subject, Butler-ian analysis goes the other direction: If we follow Butler, then Google marks the transformation from a world praising the particularity of the subject to a world where the subject is constituted by the citation. In such a world, a search engine is the perfect vehicle for citations, while literature was The vehicle to demonstrate the singularity and uniqueness of the subject. Butler also adds to our understanding of the relations between body and meaning. Carr actually claims that the body precedes meaning, that we think differently because our mind has physically changed. But Butler shows that there is no comprehensive body that enters the cultural field, but there are only tools. This is the basis for Butler’s sex-gender-sexuality model. Translated to the Internet field, I will suggest a model of brain-unconscious-thought, equivalent to hardware-software-information model of ICT field.

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6300 words || 
5. Manuel, Sheri. "Defending Symbolic Interactionism: A Reply to Francine Deutsch’s "Undoing Gender"" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-16 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Criticizing West and Zimmerman’s landmark (1987) article “Doing Gender,” Deutsch proclaims that the introduction of symbolic interactionism into the study of gender has portrayed it as static and unchanging, leading individuals to a false sense of constraint and lacking agency. In this paper, “Doing Gender” is reread and defended not for implying perpetual constraint, but for showing how a symbolic interactionist study of gendered negotiations portrays constant possibilities for agency and change. Methodological propositions made by Deutsch are also addressed through examination of cases whereby individuals seek gendered agency through transgender and transsexual strategies.

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