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2013 - Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention Words: 118 words || 
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1. Belsky, Natalie. "Evacuee or Resettler?: Mobilization of Evacuees for Wartime Rural Resettlement Projects" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 45th Annual Convention, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p647784_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: The paper will discuss the creation of separate resettlement offices under evacuation departments that dealt with resettlement of kolkhoz households to fishing areas and the former Volga German region. Though these projects were numerically relatively modest, reports indicated that evacuees were often drafted for resettlement to these areas. Evacuees themselves often rejected the “resettler” designation and insisted that they were going to return home as soon as possible, frustrating the plans of resettlement officials. Moreover, many of the evacuees mobilized for these projects were not prepared for the hard physical labor demanded of them. The paper will use these examples to discuss the ways in which the “evacuee” and “resettler” label were conflated by officials on the ground.

2013 - SCRA Biennial Meeting Words: 239 words || 
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2. Heiner, Ashley. "Rethinking resettlement from a psychological perspective: A proposed critical (re)position of the Australian Psychological Society on the wellbeing of resettling refugees." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SCRA Biennial Meeting, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, Jun 26, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p653492_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The potential impact of resettlement on the wellbeing of ‘refugees’ is a topic that has been of concern to psychologists for many years. While it is arguably an admirable and certainly humanitarian pursuit, the knowledge that psychologists have gathered and used to interpret practice on ‘refugee’ wellbeing is not currently translating into better outcomes. The present research followed a group of refugees from Burma from arrival in Australian through three years of resettlement. Narratives collected from these refugees revealed that over the course of resettlement, many refugees experienced increasing ill-being, expressed through stories of unnecessary dependency, ongoing symptomatology, and the creation and perpetuation of powerlessness. Applying Foucaultian ideas of power-knowledge, the present research explores ways in which mainstream Australian psychology is producing and disseminating knowledge that contributes to the oppression of resettling refugees. The research adopts a participatory action research style that is ultimately aimed at subverting the current figure of ‘the resettling refugee’ and restaging it within the context in which it has been constructed. Through collaboration with key participants a new position for Australian psychology on the wellbeing of resettling refugees was created. By circulating contradictory and conflicting views of refugees resettled in Australia and by co-constructing with ‘refugees’ themselves a new position for themselves within the discipline of psychology, the research aims to restage ‘the refugee’ as empowered and capable, not as a purely vulnerable person, and not as a person destined to struggle with resettlement.

2008 - International Congress for Conservation Biology Words: 173 words || 
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3. Dhakal, Narayan., Nelson, Kristen. and Smith, J. L.. "ASSESSMENT OF RESIDENT WELLBEING IN THE PADAMPUR RESETTLEMENT, ROYAL CHITWAN NATIONAL PARK, NEPAL" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Congress for Conservation Biology, Convention Center, Chattanooga, TN, Jul 10, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p243788_index.html>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: People’s plight as a result of forced resettlement and displacement during the creation and maintenance of national parks and protected areas in many African and Asian countries has been a genuine concern for conservation scientists and professionals. We investigate resident’s social and economic wellbeing following a citizen-initiated resettlement program in Nepal. Findings are based on a household survey (n=322) designed to compare respondents’ evaluation of wellbeing factors in old and new Padampur. Mixed outcomes were found regarding respondents’ evaluations of their wellbeing, but many were considered positive (e.g. improved access to health services, secure land title, reduced landlessness and continued strong social ties after the resettlement). Anticipated marginalization was reduced through increased support services and women’s empowerment programs. However, respondent evaluated that there were losses of traditional Tharu cultural activities, fewer farm-based jobs, a scarcity of water, and lower food production. Of particular concern in Padampur is the need to increase off-farm economic opportunities and water availability. This study suggests conservation related resettlement should be reconsidered in light of the Padampur model.

2010 - The Law and Society Association Words: 463 words || 
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4. Nezer, Melanie., Dench, Janet. and Williams, Glynis. "Security and Terrorism-Related Inadmissibility: Impact on Refugee Resettlement to the U.S. and Canada" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Renaissance Chicago Hotel, Chicago, IL, May 27, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p407579_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In the Department of State's report to Congress on refugee admissions to the
United States for the 2006 fiscal year, the Secretary of State declared that
the U.S. refugee program "strives to achieve a balance between humanitarian
commitments and national security concerns" and that "cases involving
material support to a terrorist group or terrorist activity highlight the
challenge of striking this balance."

During that year, the material support bar resulted in a shortfall of 12,000
refugees. The next year, the State Department reported that "The expansion
of the scope of the terrorist activity inadmissibility provision has been
that some individuals and groups who are engaged in opposition to repressive
regimes, including some who present no apparent national security risk and
to whom the U.S. is sympathetic, may now be barred from admission into this
country. These caseloads are not presently included in the regional
allocations [of refugees to be admitted to the U.S. in 2007]. In fact, a
number of key refugee populations have been omitted from this plan because
of terrorism-related inadmissibility provisions."

Our goal is to assess the impact on the terrorism-related grounds of
inadmissibility on refugee protection and resettlement and to determine
whether refugees that are likely to be excluded from the U.S. because of
these bars to admission are simply no longer being considered for admission
to the U.S. We also intend to study whether the U.S. policy of labeling
groups of refugees as "terrorists" under the broad legal definitions
currently in effect has had a negative impact on the safety and security of
these refugees abroad. Finally, we will provide recommendations for
changing current policy and practices in order to better ensure that
refugees are not unfairly penalized by the breadth of the U.S. terrorism
definitions.

The paper will contrast the US situation with that facing refugees seeking resettlement in Canada. Problems with Canadian security inadmissibility provisions pre-date 2001. While only a small percentage of refugee applicants are affected, the impacts are dramatic for those caught. The law (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act s. 34) casts a very wide net for security inadmissibility, including anyone deemed to be a member of an organization that, in the view of the Canadian government, has committed an act of terrorism. The problem lies not only in the breadth of the legal provisions, but also in the unfair way in which they are applied. A refugee applicant overseas who is considered potentially inadmissible on security grounds faces extremely long delays before a decision is made, leading to denial of protection to refugees at risk. The process for determining a person inadmissible on security grounds is deeply obscure even to lawyers, let alone refugees who don’t speak English or French. Most refugees overseas have no access to legal counsel and are therefore in no position to make use of even the limited recourses available.

2014 - ISTR 11th Annual Conference Words: 692 words || 
Info
5. Ramanath, Ramya. "Citizens in action: lessons in urban local governance from women in a slum resettlement site" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISTR 11th Annual Conference, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany, Jul 22, 2014 <Not Available>. 2019-10-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p708862_index.html>
Publication Type: Full Research Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although citizen action and initiatives have gained in importance in recent years (ISTR, 2013), most portrayals of citizen-led efforts place institutional representatives of the state and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) at the centre of analysis. They refer to interactions between various stakeholders but lack an exclusive insight into citizen action that could constitute the foundation of what governs governance (Ostrom, 2012; Doshi, 2012; Purcell, 2011). To bridge this gap, this article focuses on the everyday tactics that women displaced from their former homes in the slums of Mumbai utilize to organize livelihoods in their tenured homes in a resettlement site. It rests on the premise that in their everyday tactics of coping with risks, displaced women realize substantive citizenship, make ‘places’ (Martin, 2003, 731-732) and restore lives (of themselves, their families and community). This article thus builds on and extends theoretical and empirical conversations on the role of women in urban local governance.

In particular, the article relies on data collected through 11 focus group conversations, 21 face-to-face interviews, and participant observation of women, 18 years of age and older, held from August through December 2012. Data collection with a total of 121 women was used to gather narratives on the tactics used by them to cope with their livelihood needs. Participants were selected on the basis of a series of criteria comprising vulnerability by age, marital status, and nature of employment. Using this data and drawing on the ‘practices of everyday life’ (de Certeau, 1984; Lefebvre, 2008), this research finds that women, contrary to widely held beliefs and expectations of passivity, organize their livelihood needs by: enrolling in new vocational training opportunities; organizing saving networks along selective caste, religious, and spatial groupings; cajoling elected politicians for favors; (violating state rules to) rent their former homes in the slum; setting up businesses (in unauthorized locations); looking for new employment opportunities; and, extending their hours of paid labor.

By examining these early phases of livelihood generation in a resettlement site, the research provides a window into place-making processes that will later fade from individual and collective memory (Heaney and Rojas, 2006). The capacity of women, to speak and act outside of and sometimes against state and NGO power is essential to civil society, at large, and to urban local governance, in particular (Taylor, 1990; Calhoun, 1993; Eberly, 2000; Hendriks, 2006; Ostrander, 2012). When individuals and their collectives retain their capacity ‘to make hard choices on whether to work with or against the state’ (Hendriks, 2006, 487) and other benefactors, such as NGOs, then different forms of governance come to light. The tactics utilized by women adds to the repertoire of arrangements, some of which exceed those delimited by a formal state and civil society structure.


References:

Calhoun, C. (1993) Civil society and the public sphere. Public Culture. Vol.5, pp. 267–280.

de Certeau, M. (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life, Trans. Steven Rendall: University of California Press, Berkeley.

Doshi, S. (2012). The Politics of the Evicted: Redevelopment, Subjectivity, and Difference in Mumbai’s Slum Frontier. Antipode. Published online: DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8330.2012.01023.x .

Eberly, D. E. (2000). The meaning, origins, and applications of civil society, in Don E. Eberly, ed., The Essential Civil Society Reader: Classic Essays in the American Civil Society Debate. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers: New York, NY.

Heaney, M.T. & Rojas, F. (2006). The Place of Framing: Multiple Audiences and Antiwar Protests near Fort Bragg. Qualitative Sociology. Vol. 29, No. 4, pp.484-505.

Hendriks, C. M. (2006) Integrated deliberation: reconciling civil society’s dual role in Deliberation. Political Studies. Vol. 54, No.3, pp.486–508.

International Society for Third Sector Research. (2013). Call for contributions: Eleventh International Conference of the International Society for Third Sector Research (ISTR). Accessed from: www.istr.org.

Lefebvre, H. (2008). The Critique of Everyday Life, Vols. 1–3. Verso: London.

Martin, D.G. (2003). Place-Framing as Place-Making: Constituting a Neighborhood for Organizing and Activism. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Vol.93, No.3, pp.730-750.

Ostrander, Susan. (2012). Agency and initiative by community associations in relations of shared governance: between civil society and local state. Community Development Journal. Vol. 48, No.4, pp.511-524.

Purcell, R. (2011). Community development and everyday life. Community Development Journal. Vol. 47, No.2, pp.266-281.

Taylor, C. (1990). Modes of civil society. Public Culture, Vo.3, No.1, pp. 95–118.

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