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2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Pages: unavailable || Words: 5341 words || 
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1. Chaturvedi, Neil. and Le, Tom. "Finding the Results in Non-Results: Arguments for Reporting Non-Results" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 30, 2017 <Not Available>. 2018-12-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1257886_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Social sciences favor research projects that yield results. However, like the natural sciences, non-findings can still prove valuable for the discipline. In this paper, we argue in favor for the presentation and publication of research that offers non-findings. Non-findings can make the discipline more efficient as untenable projects are not replicated. Additionally, non-findings can produce valuable data that can be used on other projects. Non-findings can also be modified and pursue with different research designs and data sets, thus solving a problem a different time. Finally, non-findings can be useful for graduate students in terms of learning research design and conducting research.

2005 - American Sociological Association Pages: 18 pages || Words: 5037 words || 
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2. Kivinen, Osmo., Hedman, Juha. and Kaipainen, Paivi. "From Resources into Scientific Results: Comparative Analysis of Resource-related Results in Seven Disciplines" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Marriott Hotel, Loews Philadelphia Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, Aug 12, 2005 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-12-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p22438_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In this paper, the scientific productivity of the Finnish university system during 1999-2003 is analyzed first by disciplines and then by university units. The basic criterion for productivity is that the share of output should correspond to the share of input. Relying on unit-specific productivity coefficients, resource-related results are further compared between disciplines, with a special emphasis on the technical sciences. The intentions of Finnish ‘state-led technology policy’ are compared with the achievements of science policy in academic terms broken down by disciplinary differences in i) scientific productivity, ii) educational activities indispensable to scientific productivity and iii) the expansion of service and other activities insignificant to scientific productivity. The consequences of increasing involvement of external players to scientific actions, in the name of the ‘information society’ and ‘service universities’, are also considered in the broader context of a supply-driven higher education system built upon the traditional Humboldtian ideal: a multi-faculty university concentrating strictly on basic research and education based on it.

2007 - Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 22 pages || Words: 6428 words || 
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3. Hill, Tony. "Non-Results and a Few Results from Exit Polling in Canada, January 2006" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-12-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198901_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The author attempted exit polling during advance poll voting and the general election in January 2006 to understand how and if party and candidate mobilization occurs. The polling was generally scuttled by Elections Canada and by other problems involved in trying to conduct exit polling remotely. The paper shares the problems that occurred and a few results reached by a very small N and offers suggestions to scholars who desire to exit poll in Canada in the future.

2011 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 11092 words || 
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4. van Spanje, Joost. and Burscher, Bjoern. "Do Perceived Poll Results Affect Party Preferences, or Do Party Preferences Affect Perceived Poll Results?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Boston, MA, May 25, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2018-12-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p489833_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: It is well established in the literature that a party’s perceived standing in the polls affects voters’ probability to vote for that party. However, do voters perceive a parties’ poll performance in accurate ways, or is there a nonrandom error to poll perceptions? In this paper, we argue that poll perceptions are systematically biased. On the basis of data from a voter survey conducted in four countries (N=22,504) we find for most parties an interplay of poll perceptions and probabilities to vote. Indeed, we more often find probabilities to vote influencing poll perceptions than vice versa. This bias tends to be larger among the lower-educated, and among the less knowledgeable. We conclude by setting our findings in wider perspective and discussing the relevance to the research field, and society more generally.

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