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2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 10688 words || 
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1. Fisk, Susan. "Risky Spaces, Gendered Places: The Effect of Risky Contexts on Women and Men’s Performance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p724862_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Power, money, status, and other important societal rewards are frequently earned in risky settings; therefore, performance in these contexts has broad implications for the distribution of resources in society. However, risk-taking itself is extremely masculinized, which may lead women to perform worse in risky contexts. This paper explores whether risky contexts depress the task performance of women using data from a laboratory experiment as well as data from a large undergraduate engineering course. I find that women have worse task performance than men in risky contexts, independent of the gendering of the task and even when baseline performance is controlled. This “risky contexts” phenomenon may perpetuate gender inequality due to the societal rewards that often accompany performance in risky settings and may even contribute to the dearth of women in positions of leadership and power. Possible interventions to counteract this “risky contexts” phenomenon are discussed.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Words: 180 words || 
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2. Cherif, Feryal. "A Risky Proposition? Leaders' Tenure and the Promotion of Gender Equality in Muslim Countries" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p362353_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: While the status of women in Muslim majority countries has been widely studied, the obstacles impeding progress and advancement are less well understood. Prevailing explanations point to the strategic use of religious and gendered ideation by leaders to establish political legitimacy and consolidate power (Al Torki 2000; Charrad 2000; Joseph 2000, 2002; Kandiyoti 2001; Moghadam 1999, 2003; Tetreault and Al-Mughni 2000). Underlying these explanations is the idea that leaders benefit from conservative policies toward women. These explanations imply that in Muslim majority countries executives who promote and afford women more equitable rights weaken rather than consolidate their hold on Power. Ultimately, these leaders risk having shorter terms in office than leaders who preserve conservative policies. Using time-series crossnational data on executive’s tenure in office for 1980-2000, I find that leaders of Muslim majority countries experience shorter tenure in office, if they grant women more equitable rights, but the effects of gender equality are not uniform. Affording women more equitable social rights poses a greater risk for leaders in Muslim majority countries than does the provision of political and economic rights.

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