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2009 - The Law and Society Association Words: 256 words || 
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1. Van Rite, Eric. "Safety Culture from the Flight Deck to the Hospital: Aviation Safety Reporting as a Model for Patient Safety" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Grand Hyatt, Denver, Colorado, May 25, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p303889_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As the movement for patient safety has exploded across the US health care industry, an appeal for the creation and extension of ‘cultures of safety’ has been a rallying cry of reformers. For guidance in developing safety culture, patient safety advocates have looked to other industries for assistance, in hopes of efficiently transferring safety expertise into health care. Cited for its high reliability and successful safety record, the aviation industry has been an influential model for the development of patient safety. This attempted transfer of expertise organizes a series of guiding questions for the proposed presentation. What do safety experts mean by a culture of safety? How does aviation become a model for such a culture in health care? In what ways can safety be transferred – what concepts and tools have been incorporated from aviation safety?

The potential safety lessons that aviation has been providing for health care, along with how health care utilizes and incorporates them, can be found in a comparison of the FAA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) with the VA’s Patient Safety Reporting System (PSRS). Focusing upon the regulation of risk, the proposed paper presentation specifically compares Feedback, the PSRS publication, from that of Callback, the model ASRS publication. As general safety logics from aviation are re-articulated into health care settings, the paper presentation traces how aviation has been constituted as a model for safety culture in health care, discussing potential contradictions that this process of commensuration can have for regulating risk.

2012 - The Law and Society Association Words: 450 words || 
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2. Shiroyama, Hideaki. "Safety Regulation for Nuclear Plants: What Are Key Factors for Nuclear Safety?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village Resort, Honolulu, HI, Jun 03, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p572543_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: After the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accidents caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake in 11th March 2011, various arguments for the reform of nuclear safety regulation were announced. In the government, in addition to setting up the Accidents Investigation Committee, parallel process for regulatory reform was undertaken. Based on that, “Basic Concept of Structural Reform of Nuclear Safety Regulations” was adopted at the Cabinet Meeting of August 15.
It advocated the launch of a new safety regulatory body, on the basis of the principle of “separating regulation from utilization.” The nuclear safety regulatory divisions of NISA (Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency) will be separated from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; and a “Nuclear Safety and Security Agency (tentative name)” would be established by April 2012 as an external agency of the Ministry of Environment by integrating into it the functions of the NSC (Nuclear Safety Commission).
The Fukushima nuclear accident reveals two failures in nuclear safety regulation in Japan. First is the failure of interdisciplinary communication. Second is the failure of voluntary safety efforts of private nuclear utilities. In addition, the Fukushima accident poses challenges to cope with complex governance issues. To make sure the safety regulation of nuclear power plants, institutional structure and management to identify the whole picture of the risks in question, to enable transparent decision making and to implement those decisions is of critical importance. The issue is whether or not the integration of regulatory bodies can develop an interdisciplinary sensitivity. It is certainly significant to integrate nuclear safety, security and radiation regulations into a whole regulation system. But the response at the governmental level will not be enough. The role of peer review among industry in the governance of nuclear safety must be also considered, as the experience of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) shows.
One another important issues of the effective safety regulation is carrier pattern of experts. In the case of the United States, the Navy, which has lots of nuclear submarines, has played an important role as an excellent source of nuclear professionals other than power companies. In fact, many nuclear experts from the Navy have been employed by the NRC and the Secretariat of the INPO which is a self-regulating organization among nuclear operators. In Japan, it can be said that some research institutes under the former Science and Technology Agency such as the former Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) had played a role somewhat similar to the U.S. Navy. However, these institutes have had a tendency to downsize their operations under conditions that the Japanese science and technology policy places more emphasis on the studies which have high possibilities of application for meeting societal needs.

2007 - The Law and Society Association Words: 136 words || 
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3. Gray, Garry. and Easton, Mark. "Health and Safety Legal Consciousness: The Influence of Job Hierarchy on Workplace Safety Rights" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, TBA, Berlin, Germany, Jul 25, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p181962_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Health and safety legal consciousness speaks to how workers negotiate everyday workplace risk regardless of whether or not they formally exercise their legal rights protecting their health and safety. In this paper, we maintain that this concept is important for understanding why employees knowingly perform dangerous work. Drawing on an ethnographic study and a follow up survey of the same industrial workplace, this paper challenges the success of legislation to protect employees by addressing how their legal consciousness towards defining unsafe work and accepting risk is socially constructed by peer pressure within and across job hierarchies. We posit that regulatory shifts towards individual responsibility also entail shifts in employees' legal consciousness about what constitutes risk, as well as how their position in the relative job hierarchy (dis)empowers them to use their legal rights.

2011 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 9190 words || 
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4. Cho, Munseok., Jang, Yong Suk., Chung, Jang Hoon. and Kim, Yonghyun. "Safety or Salvation? An Institutional Approach Comparing Public and Private Organizations in Safety Management" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, NV, Aug 19, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p507059_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study empirically investigated the institutional effect of agentic actors with professionalism and organizational visibility on safety management practices. Although there have been growing interest in institutionalism in public and private differences, relatively less empirical discussion have been attempted. This study analyzed whether professional norm providers and receptors, and organizational visibility affect the adoption of safety management adoption. We found that professional norm providers and existence of safety department have positive effects on increasing number of safety practices. Organizations with higher visibility are also likely to adopt more safety management practices than less visible. These results imply that the organizational visibility reflecting its relationship with the external stakeholders and the roles of professionals should be more highlighted in managerial process.

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Words: 150 words || 
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5. Shillair, Ruth., Boehmer, Jan., Cotten, Shelia. and Rifon, Nora. "Communicating Online Safety: A Critical Analysis of Websites Providing Online Safety Information to Consumers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p715151_index.html>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: The practice of online safety is an issue that is foundational to the security of the Internet. Over the past few years, these threats have grown both in number and complexity. Concerns about online safety have inspired many efforts to inform the public about dangers from these threats, and to encourage users to take action to protect themselves. This has resulted in websites sponsored by governmental, educational, and non-profit organizations. The messaging strategy of a sample of these websites is analyzed using theoretical constructs from the Health Belief Model, Protection Motivation Theory, Social Cognitive Theory, and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Current messages are also compared to communication strategies from the same sources eight years ago. Communication strategy trends in online safety are discussed. The strengths and weaknesses of current consumer online safety campaigns are critically evaluated and suggestions for future directions in research and message strategies are made.

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