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2010 - NCA 96th Annual Convention Pages: unavailable || Words: 10667 words || 
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1. Jung, Eura. "Elaborating Identity Gap Scale: Cross-Validation of Old Scale, Development of New Scale, and MTMM Analysis of Combined Scale of Old and New" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 96th Annual Convention, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Nov 13, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2019-01-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p424357_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This study attempted to develop an identity gap scale measured by multi-methods. In Study 1, the factor structure of the existing scale was tested by the cross-validation technique. A new scale was developed to diversify measuring methods Study 2. The Study 3 established the construct validity of the combined scale of the old and the new by MTMM analysis. In Study 4, moderation effects of valence of identity gaps was tested.

2009 - ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting Words: 232 words || 
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2. Kışlıoğlu, Reşit. and Sakallı-Uğurlu, Nuray. "Militarist Attitudes Scale (MAS): Construction of the Scale" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, Jul 14, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-01-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p314600_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The present study presents findings of a newly developed scale called “Militarist Attitudes Scale” (MAS). A social psychological analysis of militarism is believed to be of crucial importance; and this scale is among few studies in Turkey within the area. It is believed that militarist attitudes will help discover the social psychological dynamics of the idea of military-nation (Altınay, 2004) and nationalism. 305 participants (154 females and 151 males with a mean age of 27, 32 (SD = 8, 91)) that were drawn online completed the questionnaire. While % 33 of the participants was students, % 45, 2 were university graduates and % 35, 7 were high school graduates. % 80 of the participants indicated they have voted in the previous elections. Items were written considering the militarist ideology and militarist institutions and practices in Turkey; 52 items were included that were selected from a pool of 123. Results of exploratory factor analysis revealed a 3 factor structure parallel with the literature. Cronbach’s alpha was for the scale was found to be .94 and the subscales’ reliability scores were .94 (institutional militarism), .82 (ideological militarism) and .85 (militarisation). This factors structure explained % 58, 46 of the total variance. Lower scores of militarist attitudes were observed with the increasing level of education. Further studies are needed to improve the psychometric qualities of the scale and to see its relationship with related constructs.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 111 words || 
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3. Robbins, Hannah., Wells, James., Owens, Barbara. and Minor, Kevin. "Measuring violence and conflict with the Women’s Correctional Safety Scales instrument: Results from the Staff Sexual Harassment Scale" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-01-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p664867_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Abstract: Staff sexual misconduct in prison has received increased attention since passage of the Prison Rape Elimination Act. As part of a larger investigation of violence and conflict in women’s correctional facilities, over four thousand women prisoners from15 facilities and 80 housing units rated the kinds of inmate and staff problems they felt existed in their housing units, including sexual harassment from staff. Due to the data being nested in housing units, we utilized multilevel confirmatory factor analyses to validate the rating scales, followed by a multilevel regression analyses to regress staff sexual harassment scores on a range of individual and social climate variables. Implications of the findings are discussed.

2018 - 89th Annual SPSA Conference Words: 195 words || 
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4. Cikanek, Erin., McAlister, Kevin. and Shin, Hwayong. "Ordered Bayesian Aldrich-McKelvey Scaling: Improving Bias Correction on the Liberal-Conservative Scale" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 89th Annual SPSA Conference, Hyatt Regency, New Orleans, LA, Jan 03, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-01-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1328879_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The Bayesian implementation of Aldrich-McKelvey scaling as a way to correct the bias in survey responses due to differential-item functioning (DIF) on the liberal-conservative scale by Hare et al. (2015) improves the estimation of the positions of respondents and political stimuli.  By estimating parameters that vary across individuals when evaluating placement of stimuli on the liberal-conservative scale, Hare et al.’s (2015) contribution allows for the further evaluation of polarization in American politics. However, we propose that the measurement of the ideological scale can be further refined through a better specification of the scale as a categorical variable, which results in not only better but faster estimates than the continuous model used by Hare et al. (2015). We replicate Hare et al. (2015) and apply our methods to the 2004–2012 American National Election Studies and the 2010 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. Using a model comparison, our model outperforms the original model in terms of parameter convergence (success at convergence, speed of convergence) and latent variable prediction (posterior predictive distribution), as well as in sample proportional reduction in error. This allows us to reassess polarization among the American public due to differential item functioning in survey response.

2013 - Northeastern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9400 words || 
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5. Snook, Carl. "Measuring Supreme Court Decision-Making Utilizing Scaling Errors in a Cumulative Rating Scale" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Sonesta Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 14, 2013 Online <PDF>. 2019-01-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p678691_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This project utilizes a cumulative rating scale to evaluate Supreme Court decision-making during the later Rehnquist Court era. After using the cumulative rating scale to examine the strength of a linear, uni-dimensional explanation for how the justices voted on the cases decided by the Court from 1994-2005 (a period with no membership change), the analysis will focus on two elements. First, the results of the scale will be tested to determine the correspondence between the scale and the perceived ideology of the justices. The second approach will look at the results that are not predicted by the scale: the so-called scaling errors. By looking for systematic explanations of those errors found in a scale that provides a strong overall explanation, it will be possible to provide further insight into theories of Supreme Court decision-making.

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