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2017 - AAAL Annual Conference Words: 43 words || 
1. Park, Gloria. "Mama Teacher-Scholars in Academy: Navigating the Privilege and Marginalization of One Mother-Scholar’s Unfinishedness" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AAAL Annual Conference, Portland Marriot Downtown Waterfront, Portland, Oregon, <Not Available>. 2019-01-20 <>
Publication Type: Colloquium Paper
Abstract: The presenter theorizes her own critical autobioghraphical incidents with regards to the dominant discourses and power relations in the academia that she negotiated as a mama teacher-scholar. She unpacks her concurrent experiences of privilege and marginalization given her gender, race, language, and motherhood.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 21 pages || Words: 6662 words || 
2. Zartner Falstrom, Dana. "The Scholar as a Source of Law: Examining the Role of the Scholar in State Recognition of International Law" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-01-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Historically, the lawyer, the diplomat, the teacher, and the political scientist were one and the same. Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Gentili, Grotius, Locke, Montesquieu and even Wilson were all scholar-statesmen largely responsible for creating, interpreting, and applying existing laws on behalf of their states. The views of these scholars on what international law was and what position states should take on international law were extremely influential. These scholar-statesmen were largely responsible for the development of modern international law, and it was their efforts which initiated such concepts as state sovereignty, the laws of war and diplomacy, the recognition of a universal standard of human rights, and freedom of international economic enterprise. Today, however, the role of the scholar in the development and recognition of international law has become more varied. In some countries, such as the United States, the scholar is not considered a source of law. In other countries, such as France, however, the scholar has retained a significantly more active role as a source of law, shaping the approach the country takes to international law and influencing the state’s recognition and compliance with international legal principles. In still other countries, for example Egypt, the role of the scholar has been active in shaping attitudes towards international law, but in a much more conservative vein as these scholars also serve to protect the traditional religious approach to law. In this paper I consider the scholar as a source of law, and examine whether those states which retain this historical practice have a different approach to international law than those states in which scholars are not a source of law. Stemming from a broader project which examines the role of a state’s legal tradition in determining how states arrive at different interpretations of recognized principles of international law, this paper focuses on one component of legal tradition – the sources of law – and the specific role that scholars have in shaping a state’s approach to international law. An initial examination of both sources of law within 133 states and state ratification of international treaties indicates that in those states where scholars are a source of law, the state is more likely to support international law through treaty ratification.

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