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2011 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 10258 words || 
1. Everett, Bethany. "Sexually Transmitted Infection Risk Among Sexual Minorities: Examining the Intersection Between Sexual Identity and Sexual Behavior" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas, NV, Aug 20, 2011 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The terms MSM (men who have sex with men) and WSW (women who have sex with women) have been used with increasing frequency in the public health literature to examine STI risk. These categories, however, often obscure differences in STI risk by sexual identity. Using data from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health, I examine the intersection between self -reported sexual identities and sexual relationship histories to examine how STI risk and self-reported STIs are differentially distributed across sexual minority populations. I find that while gay identified women are more likely to report several STI risk factors than straight identified women with opposite sex histories, they have a substantially lower STI risk. STI risk among women is concentrated among straight identified-WSMW and bisexual or mostly straight identified women. Among males, straight identified MSM are more likely to report several STI risk factors straight males with opposite-sex only histories but do not have a greater likelihood of reporting an STI diagnosis; rather, STI risk is concentrated among gay and bisexual identified MSM. These results provide compelling evidence that focusing solely on the behavioral elements of same-sex orientation obscures differential STI risk among MSM and WSW populations by sexual identity.

2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
2. Ward, Lucretia., Seabrook, Rita., Grower, Petal. and Giaccardi, Soraya. "Sexual Object or Sexual Subject: Media Use, Self-Sexualization, and Sexual Agency Among Emerging Adult Women" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 25, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-20 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Objectification theorists argue that repeated exposure to sexually objectifying media content will lead to higher levels of self-objectification, which negatively affect women’s well-being. Although consequences related to women’s sexual functioning and sexual agency are proposed, efforts to test these connections have been infrequent and inconsistent. We therefore used structural equation modeling to test connections between exposure to three media genres (women’s magazines, reality TV, and situation comedies), self-sexualization, and four dimensions of sexual agency among 754 undergraduate women. Findings confirmed our expectations. More frequent consumption of women’s magazines, lifestyle reality TV programs, and situation comedies each predicted greater self-sexualization, which in turn predicted greater use of alcohol to feel sexy, less condom use self-efficacy, and more negative sexual affect. Implications for objectification theories and for measures of women’s media use and sexual functioning are discussed.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 477 words || 
3. Nieto Silva, Carlos. and Koller, Silvia. "Sexual history, sexual risk behaviors and sexual violence among street involved adolescents in three Brazilian capitals" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-06-20 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: Children and adolescents who spend time on the streets may experience accelerated developmental transitions, including early sexual initiation. Furthermore, young people on the streets are often vulnerable to sexual exploitation and violence. These issues deserve to be investigated carefully. The objectives of this study were to: 1) describe sexual history and sexual risk behaviors of street-involved youth and 2) compare victims of sexual violence with non-victims on indicators of positive and negative adjustment.

Participants were children and adolescents recruited as part of a larger study of the developmental impact of street life. The sample included 111 adolescents (81% males) with ages ranging from 9 to 18 years (M = 14.18 years, SD = 2.4). During individual interviews, youth completed self-report measures of:
•Sexual behaviors: a set of questions assessed lifetime and past month sexual activity (e.g., age of first intercourse, partners, use of protection).
•Sexual violence. Two items were combined into an indicator of sexual violence. One item asked about being forced to have sex against one’s will (sexual rape). A second item asked how frequently respondents had sex to survive (sexual exploitation); responses were coded as never (0) vs. ever (1). Respondents who reported rape or exploitation were considered victims of sexual violence; non-victims were those who reported neither exploitation nor rape.
•Substance use: consumption of seven drugs during 3 periods (lifetime, last year, last month) was assessed. Three variables indicating total number of types of drugs during each time period used were created by summing.
•Adapted version of the Positive and Negative Affect Scale for Children (PANAS-C)
•Adapted version of Diener’s Satisfaction with Life Scale
•Suicidal ideation and attempts - two yes/no questions (thought, tried).

Two thirds (66%) of the participants reported having ever had sex. Among the respondents who had sex, the average age of first intercourse was 12.15 years (SD = 2.39), well below the average for all young people in Brazil (M = 15.7 years). Among participants who already had sex, the average number of sexual partners in the last six months was 6.75 (SD = 11.24). Two fifths (41%) of respondents, had not used a condom at last sex, and 29% said they or their partner had become pregnant.

Sexual violence was reported by 49.5% of the respondents; nearly one fifth (17%) of all respondents had been raped and 42.1% reported sexual exploitation. Chi square tests revealed that girls were more likely than boys to be victims of sexual violence and to be raped. As showed in Table 1, multiple differences emerged between youth who had experienced different forms of sexual violence. Victims of sexual violence (including rape and exploitation) reported lower levels of life satisfaction and more drug use, than non-victims. Different patterns emerged for victims of rape vs. exploitation (see Table 1). Additional analyses indicated that sexual exploitation and rape were also associated with suicide attempts. Those findings will be discussed in the poster.

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