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2013 - The Law and Society Association Words: 365 words || 
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1. Kunkler, Mirjam. "Special Law for Not-So-Special Cases: The Special Court for the Clergy in Iran" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Sheraton Boston Hotel, Boston, MA, May 30, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p644812_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The paper reviews the Special Court for the Clergy (dādgāh-ye vizheh-ye ruhāniyat) of the Islamic Republic of Iran, a powerful and elaborate legal institution which due to its difficult accessibility has received only scant academic attention thus far. The official function of the court is to investigate criminal transgressions of the Shiite clergy, but since the mid-1990s the court has increasingly become an instrument against those opposing Supreme Leader Khamenei’s claims to the marja‘iyat (i.e. being a source of emulation, the highest level of religious authority in Twelver Shiism). As such, the court’s jurisdiction has been expanded beyond members of the clergy and now also frequently tries journalists and public intellectuals. The Special Court is not part of the Judiciary and therefore not subject to oversight by the Head of Judiciary, nor to the administrative regulations, and finances of the judiciary. Its personnel, operating funds, and rules of procedure are decided in the Supreme Leader’s Office. Court proceedings take place behind closed doors and the accused are not permitted to choose their own defense counsel. Appeals cannot be reviewed by the country’s Supreme Court, but only by a panel internal to the Special Court. Proceedings of the court are not officially accessible to judges of other courts, nor employees of any other governmental agency. Given the Islamic Republic of Iran’s emphasis on law and legalism, the Special Court of the Clergy imparts a revealing glimpse at the multifaceted way the Islamic Republic makes use of the law in order to hold internal challenges at bay. Only once was the internal opposition successful in beginning to devise a process of institutional reform that would have integrated the special courts into the regular court system. This was under the presidency of Mohammad Khatami (1997-2005). However, the reform initiative was eventually stalled at the resistance of the Minister of the Intelligence, who is appointed by the Supreme Leader. As such, the institutional evolution of the court and who in which governmental position defends its continued existence also gives insights into government-opposition relations at any given point. The paper is based on court proceedings where published, defense documentation, court memoirs, newspaper reports, and the Supreme Leader’s decrees and regulations.

2013 - ATE Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 492 words || 
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2. Fleming, Liz. "Why Can't We Keep Teachers of Special Education....in Special Education?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ATE Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, Feb 15, 2013 Online <PDF>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p625272_index.html>
Publication Type: Single Paper Format
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Teachers of special education leave the teaching field at a faster rate than teachers in general education. What are the reasons teacher leave and what should the field be doing for retention.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Rose, Mary. and Diamond, Shari. "Juries Judging Injuries: The Special Role of Special Damages in Personal Injury Civil Cases" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-27 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1254423_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Although the bulk of research on civil jury decision making calls attention to variability in general damage decisions (“pain and suffering”), this paper calls describes the detail attention juries pay to what type of injury a plaintiff suffered and, therefore, the significant role that special damages play in driving damage outcomes. We support this idea through analysis of 28 actual civil damage discussion in personal injury cases. We show that compared to general damage outcomes, special awards had greater variability and were less truncated: some juries awarded all of what was requested, some reduced the requested amount, and some gave zero in a particular category (e.g., no lost wages). When juries reduced, this was a particularly potent signal of how they viewed the overall case: These reduced cases were regarded as weaker and harder to decide, even though judges did not find them particularly difficult. Juries’ awards in these cases were also consistently lower than what the judge would have awarded, whereas full-special cases showed both higher and lower awards than what the judge suggested. We discuss why special damage decisions should receive more attention, particularly with respect to how jurors decide that someone is “truly” injured.

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