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2016 - Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting Words: 131 words || 
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1. Velo, Sarah. and Wood, Kathleen. "Differentiating Bell County snail species by identifying species-specific or genus-specific genomic differences" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Texas Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Texas Tech University, Junction, TX, Mar 04, 2016 <Not Available>. 2018-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1114077_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In 2013, a survey was conducted on snail populations in 19 different locations of Bell County, Texas. The previous survey reported over 20 species, while the most recent survey identified only 15 different macro-snail species. Of the species found, some are more difficult to distinguish by morphological features and could be more easily identified using DNA sequence information. DNA extraction was done on multiple snail species using both frozen and ethanol-preserved tissue, the latter samples providing significantly poorer quality DNA templates for sequencing. The genes sequenced were fragments of the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I gene (COI) and the 16S mtDNA, as well as the entire 18S rDNA. nBLAST analysis showed sequence similarity with other gastropods, however, results at this time are preliminary as to their usefulness in distinguishing species.

2009 - The Law and Society Association Words: 252 words || 
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2. Arbel, Yonatan. "The Specifics of Performance: An Empirical Study of Specific Performance Decrees" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Grand Hyatt, Denver, Colorado, May 25, 2009 <Not Available>. 2018-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p303893_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Contracts are breached every day, oftentimes leaving bitter feelings between the parties. The law aims to rectify the wrong of the breach by offering a few remedies. One of those remedies, and the focus of attention of this paper, is the remedy of specific performance. Under many systems of law specific performance is the default remedy for breach.
Much ink has been spilt in the theoretical analysis of this remedy. Some try to justify it in deontological terms while others push for and against it from the perspective of economic efficiency. However important those views are, they lack – and usually admit so – empirical data.
Through the paradigm of law in action this research aims to take a fresh look into the ways contracts are preformed after litigation. The research is built on a two-tiered analysis: first, a comprehensive content analysis of court cases reveals the characteristics of judgments awarding specific performance. Second, a set of interviews with parties after litigation explores the obstacles and hurdles parties face in achieving performance of the court order.
Some of the economic analyses suggest that the parties will bargain around the court order rather than perform it. The interviews provide data on the frequency of such bargains and when those fail, on the frequency and quality of the performance of the court orders. The latter question offers a look into the under-explored scenarios where failure to negotiate results in (coerced) cooperation. The research aims at evaluating the problematic nature of semi non-consensual co-operations.

2012 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 7822 words || 
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3. Meltzer, Christine. and Schnauber, Anna. "Specific Situations or Specific People?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 24, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2018-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p551090_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recently, the cognitive processes responsible for cultivation effects have been explained through dual-process models, proposing that cultivation occurs due to heuristic processing and disappears when information is processed systematically. Basic requirement for the latter this is that respondents are motivated and able to do so. Previous research has shown that personal as well as situational factors influence the processing strategy and thus cultivation effects. This study extended the research in this area by testing for the influence of and relation between situational factors (namely the survey mode and structure of the questionnaire) and personal characteristics (education and Need for Cognition) in a field experiment. Results show that situational factors can only influence cultivation effects if high levels of education and Need for Cognition already exist. Only when these preconditions are met situational factors cause systematic processing and reduce cultivation effects.

2008 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 186 words || 
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4. Rees, Carter. and Pogarsky, Greg. "Adolescent Peers and Delinquency Specific Friends and Specific Offenses" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, <Not Available>. 2018-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p269199_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The type and quality of and adolescent's friendships can vary across many dimensions with each friendship having its own unique context, features, and norms. The primary purpose of this study will be to use the Add Health social network data to explore how different definitions of the term 'friend' impact the adolescent/peer delinquency association. The term friend(s) is defined as an adolescent's nominated egocentric friendship group, the first nominated friend (i.e. the best friend), and the rest of the friendship group excluding the best friend. First, we assess the relationship between an adolescent's delinquency and that of the three specified definitions of the term friend(s). Second, our analysis tests the hypothesis that the delinquency of an adolescent's best friend and the rest of the group each have a unique and significant association with his or her delinquency. Lastly, we examine if the effect of the best friend's delinquency depends upon its similarity to the delinquency of the rest of the friendship group. Each of these questions will be explored across three delinquency definitions: a general delinquency index, smoking, and fighting.

2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Words: 250 words || 
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5. Boyd, Rebecca. "Sequencing and Prediction of Adolescent Drug Initiation: Are Risk Factors Drug-specific, Adolescent Stage-specific, or Universal?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200058_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Over the past 10 years, various adolescent substance abuse and prevention researchers have called for specific lines of empirical inquiry. One such call includes an increase in research on substance use among rural adolescents, including assessing the validity of the drug-sequencing hypothesis outlined in Kandel's Stage Theory for this sub-population. Other researchers have argued for determining if risk factors for various aspects of adolescent drug use, including initiation, are drug-specific or universal in kind and saliency. An emphasis also has been placed on the concept of developmental contextualism, with researchers promulgating the need to determine whether risk factors vary in kind or saliency according to different stages of adolescent development.

This presentation serves as a synopsis of proposed dissertation research designed to answer each of these respective calls and address gaps in the literature. Specifically, an empirical test of Kandel's drug sequencing hypothesis and a comprehensive quantitative examination of predictors of adolescent soft drug initiation is proposed. Of particular interest is determining whether risk factors are drug-specific, and if they differ in kind and saliency by stage of adolescent development. Data is derived from the 2004 Primary Prevention Awareness, Attitude, and Use Survey (PPAAUS), a tri-annual cross-sectional survey administered to 6th, 9th, and 12th grade students in a rural Pennsylvania school district. Discussion will center on the research questions, hypotheses, and associated statistical models proposed. A dual cross-validation scheme designed to assess the stability of quantitative findings also will be presented and discussed in terms of underlying rationale and methodology.

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