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2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 6488 words || 
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1. Shor, Boris. "Rich State, Poor State; Red State, Blue State: Who's Voting for Whom in Presidential Elections?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85171_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For decades, the Democrats have been viewed as the party of the poor with the
Republicans representing the rich. In recent years, however, a reverse pattern has
been seen, with Democrats showing strength in the richer “blue” states in the Northeast
and West, and Republicans dominating in the “red” states in the middle of the
country. Through multilevel analysis of individual-level survey data and county- and
state-level demographic and electoral data, we reconcile these patterns. We find that
there has indeed been a trend toward richer areas supporting the Democrats—but
within states and counties, and overall, the Democrats retain the support of the poorer
voters. This pattern has confused many political commentators into falsely believing
that Republicans represent poorer voters than Democrats.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Words: 101 words || 
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2. New, Michael. "In state declines vs out of state increases: An analysis of how state level anti-abortion legislation influences the incidence of abortion in neighboring states." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p361681_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Many academic and policy studies provide evidence that state level restrictions on abortion, including public funding restrictions, parental involvement laws, and informed consent laws, reduce the number of abortions that take place within the boundaries of a given state. However, it is possible that women are circumventing these laws by seeking abortions in states where the laws are less restrictive. In this study, I will make use of a comprehensive time series cross sectional dataset of state abortion rates. This will allow me to analyze the extent to which these in-state abortion declines are offset by abortion increases in neighboring states.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 215 words || 
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3. von Knop, Katharina. "States Behaviour Countering Terrorism: A Comparative Analysis of the Counterterrorism Campaigns of the United States, selected Member States of the EU and the EU Itself" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p98598_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Terrorism and the response by the attacked state is not a new phenomenon. Interesting is that just only three terrorism organisations the Irgun and the LEHI in the 1940´s in the British Mandate Palestine and the South-Tyrolean freedom fighters in the 1950´s and 1960´s against Italy have reached their political objectives. Under this perspective terrorism is not a successful fighting strategy. On the other hand states which are confronted with terrorism do have strong problems countering these groups and organizations. This paper has two themes: First, what kind of similarities between different counterterrorism campaigns could be identified? Second in times of a terrorism threat how likely do the states transfer their powers to governmental and non-governmental organizations. My argument is, following the theoretical framework of the realism, states behave pretty similar to terrorism groups and their behaviour is also pretty similar if the security threat of terrorism would have been produced by a state. In order to reach this goal, the paper starts with a description of the current situation. After a short explanation of the theoretical framework, current and historical counterterrorism campaigns will be analysed. A discussion of the counterterrorism and anti-terrorism campaigns of the U.S. and the EU will follow. Finally I will conclude the paper with the findings of the mentioned themes.

2006 - International Studies Association Words: 251 words || 
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4. Moore, Cerwyn. "States of Hope and States of Despair: The Implications of Chechen Suicide Attacks for the Contested State" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p99811_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The relationship between the state and security has undergone repeated changes in recent years. In particular, theoretical analysis has focused upon the notion of a contested state illustrating the role of non-state actors, agencies within states and the implications of globalisation for state practice. However, it is argued that this approach restricts our understanding of governance in areas which are shaped, not by hope, but by everyday life played out against the backdrop of protracted violence. Thus, through the regulation of state power techniques of governance shape our understanding of spaces of despair. Nevertheless, although a commonplace theoretical portrayal of state practices exists, a series of questions remain unanswered. How does the state and governance of the state incorporate despair? More specifically, what are the implications for state practice which arise from the use of suicide attacks by the Chechen resistance? And, to what extent do Chechen female suicide attacks question everyday state practice in Russia? This paper seeks to offer an account of contested state practices by drawing upon the use of female suicide bombersas employed by the Chechen resistancein the second Russo-Chechen conflict. Thus by questioning spaces of hope and by examining areas of despair, the paper explores different dimensions of state practice and governance. And so, the paper suggests a strategy for deconstructing the distinction between security and insecuritystates of hope and states of despairand offers a reading of contested state practice by looking at the implications of female suicide attacks for governance and the state in Russia.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 25 pages || Words: 9716 words || 
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5. Koivisto, Marjo. "?States Aren?t People Too?: State Agency, State Theory and the Making of ?Ethical? Foreign Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-08-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p181121_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The popular association of states with human-like attributes like intentionality and subjectivity has had significant consequences for conceptions of state agency in IR theory. For instance, states have long been theorised as having legal and/or moral personality in IR. Additionally, the idea of states as such persons has sustained the levels-of-analysis idea in IR; a theoretical starting-point for which the real properties of particular states are rather insignificant. The problem with anthropocentric analogies for the state is that the state is not a person or like a person, and IR theory does not have an alternative account for conceptualising the state. Drawing on Realist philosophy of science and social science, the paper will posit that the state is real, and is not a person or fiction. Particular emphasis will be placed on analysing the causal powers particular to the state as a social structure, as distinct from the causal powers of its leaders and its citizens. Bob Jessop?s strategic-relational state theory will be employed to substantiate metatheoretical claims of the argument. I will propose that by unveiling the causal complexes particular to the state as a social structure, IR theory will be better able to distinguish in between human agents who act in the name of the state, and conditions for that action set by the independent causal powers of the state. The paper will crucially argue that the state itself is in fact not an agent, because it does not have human attributes. The paper concludes with an example of how this theory works in the context of a decision-making process on ?ethical? foreign policies.

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