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2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 6488 words || 
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1. Shor, Boris. "Rich State, Poor State; Red State, Blue State: Who's Voting for Whom in Presidential Elections?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85171_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For decades, the Democrats have been viewed as the party of the poor with the
Republicans representing the rich. In recent years, however, a reverse pattern has
been seen, with Democrats showing strength in the richer “blue” states in the Northeast
and West, and Republicans dominating in the “red” states in the middle of the
country. Through multilevel analysis of individual-level survey data and county- and
state-level demographic and electoral data, we reconcile these patterns. We find that
there has indeed been a trend toward richer areas supporting the Democrats—but
within states and counties, and overall, the Democrats retain the support of the poorer
voters. This pattern has confused many political commentators into falsely believing
that Republicans represent poorer voters than Democrats.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Words: 101 words || 
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2. New, Michael. "In state declines vs out of state increases: An analysis of how state level anti-abortion legislation influences the incidence of abortion in neighboring states." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p361681_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Many academic and policy studies provide evidence that state level restrictions on abortion, including public funding restrictions, parental involvement laws, and informed consent laws, reduce the number of abortions that take place within the boundaries of a given state. However, it is possible that women are circumventing these laws by seeking abortions in states where the laws are less restrictive. In this study, I will make use of a comprehensive time series cross sectional dataset of state abortion rates. This will allow me to analyze the extent to which these in-state abortion declines are offset by abortion increases in neighboring states.

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Pages: 43 pages || Words: 11324 words || 
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3. MacKay, Joseph. and Gilady, Lilach. "The Blind Spots of States: Asymmetrical Warfare, Non-state Actors and State Likeness in British India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p312902_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The post 9/11 world has generated renewed interest in the problematic implications of asymmetrical conflictual interaction between states and non state actors. This paper seeks to contribute to the growing literature on asymmetrical warfare by focusing on

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 25 pages || Words: 9716 words || 
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4. Koivisto, Marjo. "?States Aren?t People Too?: State Agency, State Theory and the Making of ?Ethical? Foreign Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p181121_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The popular association of states with human-like attributes like intentionality and subjectivity has had significant consequences for conceptions of state agency in IR theory. For instance, states have long been theorised as having legal and/or moral personality in IR. Additionally, the idea of states as such persons has sustained the levels-of-analysis idea in IR; a theoretical starting-point for which the real properties of particular states are rather insignificant. The problem with anthropocentric analogies for the state is that the state is not a person or like a person, and IR theory does not have an alternative account for conceptualising the state. Drawing on Realist philosophy of science and social science, the paper will posit that the state is real, and is not a person or fiction. Particular emphasis will be placed on analysing the causal powers particular to the state as a social structure, as distinct from the causal powers of its leaders and its citizens. Bob Jessop?s strategic-relational state theory will be employed to substantiate metatheoretical claims of the argument. I will propose that by unveiling the causal complexes particular to the state as a social structure, IR theory will be better able to distinguish in between human agents who act in the name of the state, and conditions for that action set by the independent causal powers of the state. The paper will crucially argue that the state itself is in fact not an agent, because it does not have human attributes. The paper concludes with an example of how this theory works in the context of a decision-making process on ?ethical? foreign policies.

2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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5. Laird, Jennifer., Waldfogel, Jane. and Wimer, Christopher. "Poor State, Rich State: Understanding the Variability of Poverty Across U.S. States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1252978_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: There is considerable variation in state-level poverty rates. This paper investigates two potential reasons: the demographic composition of each state and state-level differences in the relationship between demography and poverty. Drawing from a theoretical framework designed by Brady et al. (forthcoming), we estimate state-specific penalties and prevalences associated with four major poverty risk factors: single motherhood, low education, early family formation, and joblessness. By measuring poverty before and after transfers and taxes, we are able to quantify the role of the safety net in reducing the impact of the four major risks. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we find that the safety net reduces both prevalence and penalty effects. Consistent with Brady et al., we find that post-transfer penalties vary more than prevalences across states. After controlling for the demographic composition of each state, we find that post-transfer poverty rates are positively correlated with state-specific penalties for three risk factors: single motherhood, low education, and joblessness. For any given risk in any given state, our models suggest that a standard deviation reduction in the size of the penalty will have a larger effect on the poverty rate than a standard deviation reduction in risk prevalence.

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