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2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Pages: 23 pages || Words: 6488 words || 
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1. Shor, Boris. "Rich State, Poor State; Red State, Blue State: Who's Voting for Whom in Presidential Elections?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p85171_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: For decades, the Democrats have been viewed as the party of the poor with the
Republicans representing the rich. In recent years, however, a reverse pattern has
been seen, with Democrats showing strength in the richer “blue” states in the Northeast
and West, and Republicans dominating in the “red” states in the middle of the
country. Through multilevel analysis of individual-level survey data and county- and
state-level demographic and electoral data, we reconcile these patterns. We find that
there has indeed been a trend toward richer areas supporting the Democrats—but
within states and counties, and overall, the Democrats retain the support of the poorer
voters. This pattern has confused many political commentators into falsely believing
that Republicans represent poorer voters than Democrats.

2009 - Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference Words: 101 words || 
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2. New, Michael. "In state declines vs out of state increases: An analysis of how state level anti-abortion legislation influences the incidence of abortion in neighboring states." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, The Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p361681_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Many academic and policy studies provide evidence that state level restrictions on abortion, including public funding restrictions, parental involvement laws, and informed consent laws, reduce the number of abortions that take place within the boundaries of a given state. However, it is possible that women are circumventing these laws by seeking abortions in states where the laws are less restrictive. In this study, I will make use of a comprehensive time series cross sectional dataset of state abortion rates. This will allow me to analyze the extent to which these in-state abortion declines are offset by abortion increases in neighboring states.

2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Pages: 15 pages || Words: 8161 words || 
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3. Spears, Ian. "Stable Governance and Contemporary State Formation: The Challenge of States within States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p415360_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Rebel movements in civil wars follow a recurring pattern of political and territorial consolidation. They first establish authority over their own ethnic territory by challenging other rival movements and suppressing dissent among their own ranks. They

2011 - International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition" Pages: 45 pages || Words: 11019 words || 
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4. de M. Souza, Manoela L.A.. "Within the State, without the State: Do the Militias in Rio de Janeiro Strengthen or Weaken the Authority of the State?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference "Global Governance: Political Authority in Transition", Le Centre Sheraton Montreal Hotel, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA, Mar 16, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p499450_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As the word ‘militias’ began to be used, the impression of presence of a new phenomenon drove journalists and scholars to trace parallels between ‘militias’ and other groups involved in the provision of private security and/or in the realization of illicit activities in Rio de Janeiro.

The guiding question is: “do militias strengthen or weaken the exercise of authority by the state?” I hereby suggest the disaggregation of the term ‘militias’ in as many concepts as necessary to encompass the overlaps it might have with other forms of private authority. I also contrast ‘militias’ with other existing forms of public and private authority identified in the literature and in this case.

I defend that ‘militias’ depend on and deepen the weakening of the exercise of authority by the state. I draw on the assumption that the emergence of ‘militias’ would be repressed in the presence of a Weberian state. I also admit the authority of the state to be continually challenged by resource to violence and by provision of public goods. This does not dispute that the capacity shown by certain ‘militias’ to fulfil voids left by the state has helped to solidify them as complementary to the state.

2016 - 87th SPSA Annual Conference Words: 224 words || 
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5. Stepp, Kyla. "Red States & Blue States: State Public Opinion on Specific Issues vs. Overall Ideology" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 87th SPSA Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Jan 07, 2016 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1079210_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: A large body of literature has examined the role that ideology and opinion of state residents has on state policy to determine how well democracy is functioning in the states. Several measures have been developed to operationalize state ideology, including the makeup of the state legislature, presidential vote share, Erikson, Wright, and McIver’s state ideology and partisanship measures, and Berry et al.’s measure of state public mood, among others. Recent innovations by public opinion scholars that simulate state-level public opinion using national opinion polls allows us to more easily examine state-level opinion on specific issues, as well as analyze the dynamic nature of opinion on these issues. Using the multilevel regression and post-stratification (MRP) method, I gather specific state-level public opinion on a variety of morality policies and other politically divisive issues. I then compare opinion on these specific issues with the commonly used measures of state ideology listed above in order to determine whether the opinion of state residents on specific issues is aligned with, or runs counter to, overall state ideology. I also examine changes over time in opinion regarding these specific issue areas as well as overall ideology or public mood in the states. I follow up with a discussion why people may be voting against their own interests in this way and what this says about democracy in the states.

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