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2017 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Shaffer, Jonathan. "Historically Structured Structuring Structures: Bourdieu’s Roots and Implications for Social Theory" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Palais des Congrès de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, Aug 12, 2017 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1252605_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The construction of social theory is accomplished by people who are embedded in concrete, but complex webs of social, political, and economic relationships. Its roots appear especially problematic when we consider the gender, economic, geographic, and political backgrounds of the “fathers” of modern social theory. Ontologically and epistemologically, early sociologists tended to “reproduce the imperial gaze” by which empires operated, reproducing and reifying stereotypes and systems of power relations within and between social groups. Pierre Bourdieu’s approach to relational sociology has been heralded as a way to obliterate the antimonies and dichotomies that ontologically and epistemologically reproduce power relations through what he would call symbolic violence. In this paper, I seek to explore the classical theoretical roots of Pierre Bourdieu’s thinking, how those theoretical foundations came to inform his ontology of the social and his epistemological approach to social science, and finally I will assess Bourdieu’s potential to give us a “way out” of the colonial-epistemological bind.

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 27 pages || Words: 9335 words || 
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2. Hirose, Akihiko. "Structure, Agency, and Micro-Macro Distinction: Some Principles of Social Structure" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p307942_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Structure and agency have often been conceptualized as categorically oppositional entities and have helped to shape the issue as a common and coherent theoretical agendum. The clear merit of such an approach, however, has not been demonstrated since, when equated with society and individuals, the polarizing attributes of structure and agency have only satisfied the humanistic concerns of sociology which tend to maintain either antagonism or normative reconciliation between society and the individual. The polarized characterization of agency and structure has been conflated with the micro-macro distinction, which is misrecognized as a theoretical distinction. In this way, the micro-macro problem has become an empirical derailment for theoretical concerns over what constitutes social structure. The paper has four main points: 1) the epistemological origin of the concept of structure in the formation of scientific discourse, 2) the prevalence of structure-agency throughout the development of sociological theory, 3) the theoretical derailment by the debate on micro-macro issue, and 4) an alternative conceptualization of structure in relation to the concept of agency.

2010 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 589 words || 
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3. Barnett, Jessica. "The Civic Structuration of Sexuality: The Sexual Structuration of Citizenship" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton Atlanta and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA, Aug 13, 2010 Online <PDF>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p409557_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Citizenship has become a scholarly buzzword for our times. Why? I will suggest that citizenship seems to act as a normative aspiration, a solid and active way of conceptualizing grounds for social justice. I will argue that the promise of citizenship as a frame for social justice lies in how it is a nexus of disciplinary and juridical power which foregrounds contextualized considerations of culture, society, state, and capital. I argue for a conceptualization of citizenship as membership in a necessarily political community (partially) recognized by and (partially) expressed through a state formation which can enforce rules of relation between members articulated as negative rights, positive rights, and obligations. Having thus framed citizenship, I sketch an outline of the theoretical basis for an empirical exploration of the dialectical relationship between citizenship and sexuality in North America. I conclude by illustrating the use of this framework to do a brief theoretical case study of extra-dyadic sexual practice and partnering in North America.

2011 - BEA Words: 109 words || 
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4. Tang, Tang. "Active within Structures: An Examination of Webisodes’ Structural Characteristics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the BEA, Las Vegas Hilton, Las Vegas, NV, <Not Available>. 2020-01-29 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p482996_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper/Presentation
Abstract: Today and tomorrow’s media users have a plethora of choices, but those choices are constrained within structures that influence the amount and type of use. Facing convergence, it would be inappropriate to assume that identical content would translate equally across alternative media forms. Advocating Cooper and Tang’s “active within structure” conceptualization, this study examined how the structure of traditional television media changes when content is instead designed exclusively for Internet broadcasting by analyzing 100 webisodes nominated for a 2010 Streamy Award. Results indicate both transparent and interactive characteristics influence the consumption and production of web videos. The opportunities and challenges of marketing and programming web videos will be address.

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