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2009 - SCRA Biennial Meeting Words: 243 words || 
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1. McDaniel, Jackie. and Kloos, Bret. "The Context of Perceived Social Support: Factors Related to Perceived Social Support in the Supported Housing Environment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SCRA Biennial Meeting, Montclair State University, Montclair, New Jersey, Jun 18, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p301801_index.html>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: As previous research has established, perceived social support predicts many outcomes for adults with serious mental illness. Levels of perceived support have been found to be negatively related to the experience of stress and physical health problems, as well as levels of psychological distress. Alternatively, perceived support is positively related to outcomes such as sense of belongingness, empowerment, and recovery. While it is clear that social support has positive influences, factors or preceding variables that may be related to the development of social support for this population are not yet well understood. Specifically, little is known as to what settings, and what variables within those settings, contribute to perceptions of support. This presentation will describe a study that set out to examine the relationship between different housing environment variables and perceived social support for adults with serious mental illness living in supported housing programs across the state of South Carolina. This investigation proposed three domains within the context of the housing environment with potential to comprise perceived support; including social network characteristics, relationships tied to the housing site, and neighborhood social environment characteristics. Results suggest housing site relationships (neighbors and case managers) and neighborhood sense of community were most strongly related to perceptions of social support. This presentation will propose various ways in which these results can inform researchers and practitioners designing and implementing social support interventions for adults with mental illness living in supported housing.

2005 - International Communication Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 5499 words || 
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2. Wright, Kevin. and Muhtaseb, Ahlam. "Perceptions of Support Group Advantages, Types of Support, and Support Providers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY, Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p12994_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study investigated on-line support group membersÂ’ perceptions of supportive communication within on-line groups dealing with health-related concerns among (N = 136) on-line support group participants. The findings indicate that sense of community/similarity and lack of judgment/stigma were the most important advantages of on-line support group users, emotional and esteem support were perceived more positively than informational support, and participants had largely positive views of on-line support providers. The implications of the findings in terms of previous research on social support and computer-mediated communication are discussed.

2016 - ICA's 66th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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3. Priem, Jennifer. and Giles, Steven. "A Mixed-Method Approach to Understanding Supportive Interactions: Support Seekers’ Problem Disclosures and Support Provider Reactions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 66th Annual Conference, Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk, Fukuoka, Japan, Jun 09, 2016 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1109293_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The goal of the study was to assess emotional, cognitive, and behavioral reactions of support providers when confronted with a distressed individual. Participants (n = 27) engaged with a distressed confederate, who either disclosed very little about the source of their distress (implicit disclosure) or gave all of the details (explicit disclosure). Quantitative results showed that individuals who received that explicit problem disclosure reported that the conversation was more stressful, but were also more likely to approach (i.e. provide support) than participants who received the implicit disclosure. Approximately half of the participants in the implicit disclosure condition approached. Theme analysis of conversation content showed that support providers engaged in all levels of verbal person-centeredness and tended to follow a script for support. Content also varied by disclosure condition, such that individuals in the implicit condition tended to look for nonverbal cues that support was desired and individuals in the explicit condition were more likely to engage in strategies to limit conversation.

2004 - American Association for Public Opinion Research Words: 161 words || 
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4. Todorov, Alexander. and Mandisodza, Anesu. "Differences between prospective and retrospective support for the war with Iraq: How to transform a minority-supported policy into a majority-supported policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Pointe Hilton Tapatio Cliffs, Phoenix, Arizona, May 11, 2004 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p115830_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Data from four nationally representative surveys show that retrospective support for the war with Iraq (May and August, 2003) is substantially larger than prospective support for the war (January and February, 2003). We explored which groups of respondents were most likely to shift their opinions over time. Further, in three experimental studies, we attempted to recreate these temporal effects by manipulating the context of the questions. As expected, the context of the questions affected the expressed support for the war. For example, at the end of May, when initial questions subtly framed the war as relatively quick, cheap, and painless in terms of American casualties, respondents were more likely to express support for the war and a number of specific unilateral policies. However, in September, when initial questions reminded respondents about the post-war situation, expressed support for the war was reduced. We observed similar effects by making different justifications for the war salient. The policy implications of the findings are discussed.

2008 - NCA 94th Annual Convention Words: 201 words || 
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5. Kedrowicz, April. "Supporting the Supporters: Socialization, Support, and Organizational Membership in an AIDS Service Agency" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA, <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p271304_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The volunteer workforce saves nonprofit organizations substantial sums of money each year while simultaneously contributing to goals of diverse social change organizations. Consequently, it is necessary to effectively manage, evaluate, and recognize volunteersÂ’ efforts in order to reduce the likelihood of turnover. One key component of volunteer management is social support. Norms of support vary from one organization to the next, and thus are learned through socialization. New volunteers learn what is expected of them and also develop expectations of what life will be like in the organization. More specifically, they develop expectations about the support they will provide to the organization, and the support they, in turn, can expect to receive. These expectations of support, coupled with the reality of organizational life, can impact volunteer commitment to an organization. This study focuses on the role of socialization in the development of support expectations and support enactment at a small, social service, nonprofit, AIDS-related agency, finding that the expectations of and experiences with support, or the (mis)matching of the ideal, as developed through training, perceptions of the atmosphere, and observations of organizational norms, and the real (reality of support) as constructed through interaction, contributed to different membership experiences for volunteers.

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