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2017 - Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference Words: 249 words || 
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1. Roy, Toulouse. "“Savagery” and "Criminality" on the Taiwan Frontier: Primitive Accumulation, Camphor Capitalism, and the Conquest of Aboriginal Taiwan" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Asian Studies - Annual Conference, Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel, Toronto, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1196482_index.html>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between the formation of the camphor industry and the conquest of Indigenous Aborigines in colonial Taiwan. Long used as an aromatic, camphor in the late nineteenth century became a key ingredient in a number of industrial commodities (most notably celluloid). Following its acquisition of Taiwan, the Japanese “Government-General” quickly turned to the island's camphor-rich forests to boost state revenues. Between 1895 and 1915, the Japanese colonial government waged a series of “pacification campaigns” against Aborigines for control of camphor across Taiwan's eastern highlands. During these two decades of colonial war, Japanese security forces invaded Taiwan’s Aboriginal forest lands and forcibly relocated many communities. In addition to these bloody expropriations, Aborigines experienced discriminatory policies that forced them to take up sedentary farming, and also outlawed foundational cultural practices (particularly the ritual taking of heads). These policies were predicated on a form of racism that labeled Aborigines modes of life (hunting, swidden cultivation, headhunting) as fundamentally “savage” and “criminal” practices that threatened both camphor producers and government profits. Using Marxian “primitive accumulation” as a central theoretical frame, this presentation will examine how the creation of Japan’s camphor industries necessitated not only state violence, but also, a sustained ideological assault on all aspects of Aborigines socio-economic and cultural life. While primitive accumulation is traditionally seen as the “pre-history” of the capitalist system, my presentation will expand our understanding of this useful concept by linking it to contemporary forms of racism, as well as violence towards Indigenous people.

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 27 pages || Words: 12751 words || 
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2. Chang, Hui-Ching. and Holt, Richard. "Taiwan and ROC: A Critical Analysis of President Chen's Construction of Taiwan Identity in National Speeches, 2000-2007" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p234267_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Names used to address Taiwan--such as taiwan and zhonghuamingguo (Republic of China [ROC])--are symbols defining Taiwan’s political realities, each with their own unique historical significance. Since his election in 2000, Taiwan's president Chen Shui-bien has had to alternate between taiwan and ROC to strike a balance among conflicting ideas about Taiwan’s national identity. The act is grounded in complex political discourse dictating that Taiwan must not be seen as separate from the Sinic world and simultaneously to respond to steadily rising Taiwanese consciousness. Facing intercessions by the United States and China, as well as ever-present domestic clashes, rhetorical exigency requires the president to fashion unique political discourse concerning what Taiwan is and ought to be. This study explores how these names and related expressions are used in Chen's public addresses to the nation and how their development reflects the struggle over Taiwan’s national identity.

2006 - International Communication Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 7471 words || 
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3. Han, Gang. "Mainland China Frames Taiwan: How China’s News Websites Covered Taiwan’s 2004 Presidential Election" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Dresden International Congress Centre, Dresden, Germany, Online <PDF>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p89517_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study applies framing analysis to online news in China by examining how two mainstream websites, www.people.com.cn (referred hereafter as people) and www.sina.com.cn (referred hereafter as sina) in Mainland China frame Taiwan’s 2004 presidential election and how the presence of news frames varies within the same website as well as between different websites.

Factor analysis gauges four distinguished news frames: military consequences, game, ideology and conflict. Post hoc analyses show that, within people, conflict frame is used less often than three other frames. Between websites, the conflict frame is more salient in sina than in people.

The author suggests that in China, online news frames are identical with the frames underlying traditional mainstream media’s coverage on Taiwan. Generic frames and issue-specific frames can be detected simultaneously. This study also verifies the validity of the deductive approach in measuring news frames.

2005 - International Studies Association Pages: 30 pages || Words: 7786 words || 
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4. James, Patrick. and Li, Yitan. "Modeling Cross-Strait Relations and Taiwan's Linkage Politics: Foreign Policy Implications for China-Taiwan-U.S. Relations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, Mar 05, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-10-20 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p69878_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Much has been written on the triangular China-Taiwan-U.S. relations. However, scholars have not applied the Diversionary Theory in the highly salient China-Taiwan case. Orthodox Diversionary Theory argues leaders may resort international conflict when domestic political and economic situations are troublesome. Creation of explicit military conflict in the Taiwan Strait by Taiwan's leadership is deemed less likely. However, will Taipei's domestic political and economic changes lead to a better or worse relationship with Beijing? And will Taiwan's political parties' positions on cross-strait relations ensure them a ticket to the Presidency? 2004 marks an important year for the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. The ROC directly elected its President in March 2004 - the third-ever in Taiwan's history. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won the election by a 0.2 percent margin. The DPP and the Kuomintang (KMT) coalitions continue to divide on their positions toward the mainland China. In the meantime, Taiwan continues to experience an economic downturn. Mainland China attracts a large amount of investment from Taiwan. Taiwan's domestic unemployment rate remains high. This paper applies an altered diversionary theory to test if leaders in Taiwan use Taiwan independence as a diversion for their domestic problems during the years leading to Taiwan's 2004 presidential election. Simultaneously, it will also determine if Taiwan's position on the cross-strait relations influences competing parties' prospects for winning of the 2004 election. As a closely related actor, the U.S. has official ties and unofficial ties with China and Taiwan respectively. Taiwan's domestic political and economic changes and the subsequent influence on cross-strait relations will also influence U.S. relations with both China and Taiwan. This research will also provide foreign policy implications for the U.S. government in dealing with Beijing and Taipei.

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