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2005 - Western Political Science Association Pages: 26 pages || Words: 7918 words || 
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1. Kurtz, Karl., Moncrief, Gary., Niemi, Richard. and Powell, Lynda. "Full Time, Part Time and Real Time: Legislators'' Perceptions of Time on the Job" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Western Political Science Association, Marriott Hotel, Oakland, California, Mar 17, 2005 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p87334_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this paper we report findings from a survey of state legislators in which we ask them about the time they spend being a legislator. As expected, we find substantial differences in self-reported time on the job in different states. But we also find that legislators spend more time on the job than one might anticipate, given the "part-time" nature of many state legislatures. We discuss these findings in the context of the concept of legislative professionalism. Furthermore, we model time on the job as a function of a series of institutional-level and individual-level variables. We also explore the variety of activities involved in the legislative job.

2008 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Words: 1 words || 
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2. Perrucci, Robert. and MacDermid, Shelley. "Time and Control in a 24/7 Environment: Clock Time, Work Time, Family Time." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p241028_index.html>
Publication Type: Invited Paper

2010 - Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies Words: 329 words || 
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3. Schütz, Anton. "Good Times, Hard Times, Crisis Times: Historical Potentials of Niklas Luhmann’s Theory of Social Autopoiesis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventeenth International Conference of the Council for European Studies, Grand Plaza, Montreal, Canada, <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p408076_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Transcendental philosophy flourishes under the prosperous reign of Frederick the Great in small, then Prussian Königsberg. Two centuries later, systems theory unfolds in Eastern Westphalia’s proverbially provincial Bielefeld under the last effects of post-WWII ‘economic miracle’. And yet, just like Kant, Luhmann’s autopoietic account of modern society takes up the Ant’s point of view, not that of the Cicada. Rejecting the aspiration-led ways of world-making celebrated in Luhmann’s contemporary Frankfurt (as in Kant’s contemporary Berlin), it replaces a rhetoric of promise for a discipline of taking-into-account. Poet Gottfried Benn’s motto “Erkenne die Lage!/Acknowledge the situation!” aptly summarizes this preference.

The task of thinking modern society – and not just economy/ecology – in terms of household and sustainability requires Luhmann to claim (against kantians, hegelians, marxists and the entire consensus of political philosophy) that the world of morals and politics as we know them is a world we have lost beyond recovery; that the function of ethics has shrunk to the duty of ‘warning against morals’; that modern society finds its ultimate reality not in shared values but in the simultaneous co-occurrence of numberless communications; that society results not from consensus maintenance but from communicative events giving rise to further communicative events.

Since Luhmann’s death (1998), the world of world society has changed dramatically. In the West, the turbulent contraction of margins of possibilities has cast the spell crisis on a growing number of issues, and spread a veil of ignorance over the fine line separating use and abuse. Jean de la Fontaine’s fable’s talented singer, the Cicada, has fallen into its winter silence. What has the Ant ‘social autopoiesis’ to suggest in these new conditions? I shall outline some of the challenges that program the upcoming redistribution of responsibilities between ‘politics’ and ‘society’: a rationality of codes, programs that cannot but imperil the values and doctrines of individual entitlement; a depoliticised concept of society; a citizen-individual deprived of her tenure as the ultimate constituent of social reality.

2013 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 9307 words || 
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4. Rudel, Daniel. and Yurk, Natasha. "Time is Money, Money is Time: Student Loan Debt and Time Use in College" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton New York and Sheraton New York, New York, NY, Aug 09, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p650872_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recent research shows that holding student loan debt negatively affects graduation outcomes, especially for students with more than $10,000 in loans. However, we have yet to understand whether student debt creates inequalities in the college experience. We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF) to analyze how accruing loans affects college student performance and engagement, broadly defined. Our findings suggest that indebted students have lower cumulative GPAs than non-indebted students (net of time spent at a work-study job) and that they are more likely to view their college experiences in a negative light. Although we cannot isolate a causal mechanism for this disadvantage, we explore the role of cognitive factors such as concern about repaying the loans after graduation. Future research could address these mechanisms in more detail, highlighting the unique aspects of college debt that affect students independently of their social class backgrounds.

2015 - International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: 6445 words || 
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5. Xu, Shan. and David, Prabu. "Multitasking Distorts Time Perceptions: Examining Time Passage and Time Duration During Media Multitasking" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 65th Annual Conference, Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 21, 2015 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p983958_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this study, we examine two measures associated with the psychology of time— passage and duration. Time was perceived to “fly by” in the high-entertainment condition that involved watching a sitcom, whereas time “dragged on” in the low-entertainment condition that involved reading a journal article. Likewise, estimated time duration in minutes also was longer in the high-entertainment condition than the low-entertainment condition. In addition, activity-switching had a significant effect on time passage and time duration. In comparison to the low-entertainment condition, participants perceived time to pass quickly and estimated longer time duration when switching between the low- and high-entertainment activities. Further, individual differences in multitasking habits and preferences were found to be negatively correlated with time duration estimation, suggesting automatic cognitive adjustments by chronic multitaskers to offset time distortions associated with multitasking. Implications for theory and measurement of media and communication research are discussed.

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