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2013 - International Communication Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9492 words || 
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1. Hong, Sun ha. and Allard, Francois. "Problematizing Digital Transparency: The Normative and Axiological Functions of "Transparency Discourse" in Online Public Relations" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Hilton Metropole Hotel, London, England, Jun 14, 2013 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p640602_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper problematizes normative and axiological aspects of ‘digital transparency’ in online public relations. We scrutinize transparency’s epistemic connections to Habermasian public sphere and publicity, and position it within Bourdieu’s notion of social spaces. We argue that digital transparency is best thought of as a discursive technique and a carrier of symbolic capital – not a transcendent ideal enabling ‘public use of reason’, but an immanent technique in social actors’ discursive struggles over legitimacy and capital.

Analyzing several European public relations controversies and their uses of the discourse of transparency, we identify an ‘information paradigm’ in digital media which falsely conflates data with information, access with accessibility, and accessibility with rational-critical debate. We demonstrate ways in which transparency might be analyzed instead as a communicative strategy with specific tactical utility. Transparency guarantees nothing in itself; it rather inaugurates new rules of struggle over information and legitimacy in digital public relations.

2018 - MPSA Annual Conference Words: 23 words || 
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2. Bauhr, Monika. and Carlitz, Ruth. "Transparency for whom? Transparency and Local Public Goods Provision in Non-Democratic Settings" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the MPSA Annual Conference, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Apr 05, 2018 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1350706_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper suggest that transparency reforms promote access to public goods that are both attributable to political action and targetable to particular constituents

2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Pages: unavailable || Words: 9376 words || 
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3. Keeling, Seán., Hogan, John. and Feeney, Sharon. "Transparency! Transparency? Comparing Lobbying Laws in Ireland and the UK" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 31, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1241438_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper analyses the strength of the new laws regulating lobbying in Ireland and the United Kingdom. This examination was conducted using the Centre for Public Integrity’s (CPI) ‘Hired Guns’ quantitative method for assessing the stringency of lobbying legislation. These laws were introduced after years of unfulfilled promises and scandals, in an effort to increase the public’s trust in representative institutions. What we find is that the Irish Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015 offers a slightly higher level of transparency than does the UK’s Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning, Trade Union Administration Act 2014. Additionally, using the CPI’s index allows our findings to be compared with those from other regulated jurisdictions.

2010 - 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society Words: 253 words || 
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4. Stassen, Stephane. "Increasing Efficiency and Transparency of Resource Use at School Level: Transparency International’s Africa Education Watch" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 54th Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-09-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p401008_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Transparency International (TI) is implementing its Africa Education Watch project in seven countries across Africa: Ghana, Madagascar, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. Each TI Chapter has conducted desk reviews of applicable laws and financing mechanisms, followed by field surveys to assess the governance mechanisms in place around primary schools and detect potential corrupt behaviors. The findings have highlighted significant shortcomings in the system. TI found that schools keep poor financial records, which translates into significant resource waste. TI also found that parent involvement in school planning and resource management is not yet an effective oversight mechanism. TI recently disseminated its results in Madagascar, Morocco and Uganda, thus sparking debate in government and civil society circles. As TI continues to broadly share the results of this research, this information, together with parents and governments having more information about low learning levels, is pushing governments to consider how they can strengthen bottom-up management and accountability. Two of the remedies that TI’s research points to are increasing the frequency of school inspections and ensuring head teachers are trained in financial management. By using this evidence to generate policy recommendations and advocate for policy reforms, the project hopes to increase public demand for greater government accountability and stronger actions to reduce corruption in the education sector. Additionally, TI Chapters in the participating countries are also actively engaging parent associations and communities in the surveyed areas and are investigating alternative ways to spark off and sustain parent involvement in school oversight mechanisms.

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