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2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 30 pages || Words: 7140 words || 
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1. Oser, Carrie., Link, Tanja., Johnson, J.. and Roman, Paul. "Women in Substance Abuse Treatment: A Comparison of the Organizational Predictors in Therapeutic Communities, Public Treatment Centers, and Private Treatment Centers" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p109982_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This article investigated the association between the organizational predictors of women in substance abuse treatment including (1) female programming & services, (2) female-specific treatment tracks, (3) personnel characteristics, (4) funding sources, and (5) organizational structural characteristics. Data for this exploratory study were derived from the National Treatment Center Study (NTCS), which provided a unique opportunity to explore these organizational-level features across three treatment settings – therapeutic communities (n=210), publicly funded centers (n=291), and private treatment facilities (n=176). Results of the three OLS models indicated that the organizational predictors of the percentage of women in treatment varied by the type of treatment setting studied. While therapeutic communities, publicly funded centers, and private facilities all had comparable percentages of women engaged treatment (between 38-40 percent), the organizational model seemed to the fit the data best in the therapeutic community model, followed by the publicly funded sample. The bulk of the variance in both the TC sample and the Public sample was accounted for by the presence of a female-specific treatment track and the percentage of female counselors. Only two variables in the Private model were significantly associated with higher percentages of women in treatment. Specifically, private centers treating psychiatric disorders and employing greater percentages of counselor’s with at least a Master’s degree had significantly more females composing their clientele base.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 133 words || 
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2. Grommon, Eric. "What Drives the Dose of Treatment Received During Reentry? Dissecting the Effects of Housing Stability, Employment Stability, and Travel Distance to Treatment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 16, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1146055_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Two decades of research on prisoner reentry has generated knowledge on the significant challenges individuals must manage upon release from prison and specified the greatest at-risk period of recidivism as being the first 6 months to one year after release. While the pool of known challenges has reached consensus, there has been little research on the dynamic nature of experienced challenges and how they may change or interact with one another over time. The present study explores how the independent or accumulated effects of housing, employment, and transportation may directly or indirectly shape participation in substance abuse treatment services. The sample consists of 250 individuals who experienced the reentry transition to one Midwestern city and were ordered to substance abuse treatment. Policy implications and avenues for further research will be presented and discussed.

2017 - APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition Words: 273 words || 
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3. Lo, Adeline. "Causal Discovery of Heterogeneous Treatments and Treatment Effects" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Annual Meeting & Exhibition, TBA, San Francisco, CA, Aug 31, 2017 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1246570_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Recently scholars have begun to focus greater attention on developing theories for and causal identification of not only treatment effects of interest in experiments, often referred to as the average treatment effect (ATE), but also heterogeneous treatment effects and heterogeneous treatments, how treatments vary across individuals and the effects of interacted treatments on outcomes. With the rush of larger data, these are of greater interest but are also more difficult to estimate. For the applied researcher interested in perhaps exploring multiple heterogeneous treatments or treatment effects in sample-constrained settings, she might worry about a) not being powered to find them and b) having to penalize herself with excessive multiple hypothesis testing adjustments. I propose introducing the usage of the Partition Retention approach in a causal discovery stage to searching for interesting heterogeneous treatments and treatment effects in experiments. The proposed approach can serve as an easily applicable and more powerful tool that can accommodate for a n much less than p scenario and search for a smaller set of appropriate treatment interactions and heterogeneous treatment effects in a small pilot or preliminary experiment to aid in theory building, followed by a validation stage in a follow up.
This project leverages a survey experiment designed with conjoint refugee profiles. I use this experiment as an example to test whether a causal discovery stage for heterogeneous treatment effects and heterogeneous treatments can be introduced in conjoint experiments. This study's contributions are two-fold: (1) Introduce causal discovery stage in conjoint approach for finding important heterogeneous treatments and heterogeneous treatment effects, and (2) introduce a novel approach for such a causal discovery stage -- the Partition Retention approach.

2008 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 160 words || 
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4. Tubman-Carbone, Heather. "Deviant Treatment: The Role Treatment in Recovery for Offenders with Multiple Behavioral Health Problems" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, St. Louis Adam's Mark, St. Louis, Missouri, Nov 11, 2008 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p261609_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Many offenders have co-occurring disorders involving mental illness, addiction, and trauma. These experiences may result in a stigmatized identity and often lead people to treatment. Yet, people with co-occurring disorders describe what helps them make positive life transformations in many ways. Sometimes treatment is involved; in more cases than not, other supports are described. This study investigates how individuals with co-occurring disorders do or do not use treatment as they make positive life transformations. While prison is not considered as a formal treatment for treatment’s sake, the criminal justice system is involved in this conversation as it is a common point of contact for these individuals. A sample of 36 persons with one or more of the qualifying experiences described a time when their lives changed for the better. A comprehensive understanding of the identity, trauma, treatment and recovery literature support the findings that treatment is but one part of the recovery process.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 180 words || 
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5. Taylor, Liana. and Hiller, Matthew. "An Examination of Treatment Needs and Treatment Focus in a Modified Therapeutic Community" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-05-19 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p667353_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Therapeutic communities (TC) for substance abuse treatment were developed as an intensive social learning modality targeted at changing behaviors and attitudes supportive of substance abuse. In the TC, substance abuse is viewed as a symptom of the overall disorder of the individual, and as such, treatment addresses the “disorder of the whole person” (De Leon, 1995, p. 1606; 1996, p. 52) by providing comprehensive treatment. One aspect of TC’s emphasizes using assessments to develop individualized treatment plans which are modified as treatment progresses (Barthwell, Bokos, Bailey et al., 1995). Using a sample of 389 substance-involved felony probationers in a modified therapeutic community, the current study examined the match between treatment needs at intake and treatment focus in individual and group therapy sessions conducted in the month following program entry. Preliminary findings suggest that the therapeutic focus varied little across individuals; thereby, thwarting this intended aspect of the TC model. The results bring into question the determinants of treatment focus, and whether, in practice, treatment in the TC is individualized. Implications for treatment are proposed.

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