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2017 - ICA's 67th Annual Conference Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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1. Ohme, Jakob. and Albaek, Erik. "Understanding Citizenship, Understanding Social Media? Digital Media’s Effects on Understanding of Citizenship and Political Participation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ICA's 67th Annual Conference, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego, USA, May 24, 2017 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1230497_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Is there a connection between increased use of digital media and changing patterns of political participation? This study tests how use of online media for different purposes (social interaction, creative expression, online news use, social media news use) is related to three types of political participation. It examines whether mobilizing effects are partly indirect due to different understandings of citizenship (dutiful, optional, individual, collective) that may be fostered by digital media use. The study is based on a survey of a sample of the Danish population (n=1322), including data from two online survey waves and a smartphone-based media diary that documents respondents’ social media use. Results indicate support for a new pathway to participation, but the relationship depends on whether citizens are socialized in a digital media environment.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 33 pages || Words: 13619 words || 
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2. Baumann, Marcel. "Understanding the other’s “understanding” of violence. Legitimacy, recognition and the “violent” challenge of dealing with the past in post-conflict societies" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p252308_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: For fragile post-war societies one necessary prerequisite for dealing with the violent past in a constructive way is to seek an empathic understanding and recgonition of political violence. The term “recognition” refers to the philosophical concept of Axel Honneth who claimed that the "the struggle for recognition" should be at the center of “social con-flicts”
Seeking understanding and recognition is a task which concerns the entire society, not only victims and persecutors, and has to be analysed in sociological terms, i.e. by applying a discourse analysis of violence (according to David Apter, Blok et al.). The meaning of violence will become the focus for analyzing the “morality of violence” (Brandon Hamber). The explicit aim is to reach a social consensus within the post-war or conflict society on moral criteria to judge the use of violence during the conflict. It is a rather uneasy and uncomfortable challenge, for both victims and the perpetrators, but one that cannot be evaded or avoided.In order to come to terms with a violent past, the morality of violence, i.e. the meaning of violence, has to be reconstructed: This reconstruction can be done by a (critical) discourse analysis of the strategies used by armed groups to justify or legitimize their acts of violence. The paper tries to elaborate on one contentious argument: The necessary prerequisite for any country to put an end to its violent conflict and start a process towards reconciliation is an inclusive definition of victimhood: The discoursive dynamics of negotiating social consensus on the “morality of violence” will be analysed by using the Northern Ireland peace process as a case study.

2009 - International Communication Association Pages: 32 pages || Words: 7465 words || 
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3. Owen, Laura., Lewis, Charlie., Auty, Susan. and Buijzen, Moniek. "Is Children’s Understanding of Nonspot Advertising Comparable to Their Understanding of Television Advertising?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p299809_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate and explicitly compare children’s understanding of television advertising with their understanding of brand placement in films and video games, licensed products, programme sponsorship and advertising on the internet. We interviewed 134 7 and 10 year old children about the nature of television advertisements and examples of non-spot advertising, using open-ended questions and pictorial prompts (following Owen, Auty & Lewis, 2007). Children demonstrated a significantly more sophisticated understanding of television advertising in comparison to all five examples of non-spot advertising. Children appear to have very limited knowledge of what these alternative marketing tactics involve and consequently lack the cognitive skills to critically evaluate them. Non-spot advertising appears to pose a new challenge for children.

2016 - American Political Science Association Annual Meeting Words: 404 words || 
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4. Feeney, Sharon. and Hogan, John. "Understanding Civic Engagement: ‘now that I see it I understand’" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, TBA, Philadelphia, PA, Sep 01, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1117993_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The role that higher education institutions (HEIs) can play in developing civic engagement has been under increasing scrutiny in recent years, with most HEIs developing formal linkages to community and civic groups in the wider society. This paper will address how using student generated freehand drawings can create a learning environment where students develop a meaningful association with active engagement in society, and enables them to develop a better appreciation of how they might realise their full potential to contribute to wider society in more meaningful and holistic ways. As such, this will examine the contextual drivers towards deepening civic engagement in Irish higher education.
These contextual drivers, which are rooted at local, national and sometimes European and international levels, have enabled a deeper understanding of civic engagement in Ireland. They can be categorised in terms of economic drivers (drawings of banks, bankers, money, etc.); political drivers (drawings of politicians, parliament, elections etc.), societal drivers (drawings of homelessness, begging, unemployment etc.) and individual drivers (drawings of citizens being ‘left behind’; decisions being taken on their behalf without agreement, general disenfranchisement etc.). In-class discussion of drawings further facilitates students engaging in the critical exchange of ideas, as well as their perceptions of different, or multiple, ‘realities’.
Our study offers additional contributions to the literature on developing student capacity for independent and critical thought by applying their analytical skills outside of their chosen field of study and into a wider societal context. The technique of freehand drawing itself, in bypassing, or sidestepping, our cognitive, verbal processing routes, tends to lead students to produce clearer, more holistic images than they do with words. In using this technique the students are able to see that they themselves already posses a clear understanding of the society around them. The technique also serves to puts the lecturer on the same epistemological ground as the student – where everything is contestable. From this we will see that freehand drawing facilitates students in building a multi-perspective take on the socio political, while being encouraged to maintain a sceptical, inquiring attitude.
In addition, this paper will offer a recent historical overview of the civic purpose of Irish higher education and will present initial findings from our use of student freehand drawings in the classroom to create an active learning environment where students can foster their sense of civic engagement and social responsibility.

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