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2013 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 13715 words || 
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1. Birdsell Bauer, Louise. and Cranford, Cynthia. "Caring about Unionism? Interpreting Care Workers’ Experiences and Attitudes toward Unions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton New York and Sheraton New York, New York, NY, Aug 09, 2013 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p649867_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Numerous scholars have documented the emergence of service sector work and precarious employment as key trends in labour market restructuring in North America. Paid caregiving is an important example of both trends; it is service work in which the workers receive low wages, little job security and face high risks of injury and illness. Moreover, care workers are mainly women, women of colour and immigrant workers. While contributing greatly to the overall health of the public, care work is becoming increasingly privatized and downloaded onto individuals requiring care. Given the uniquely situated nature of care work in North America, how do care workers view unions? What experiences do they have with unions and how do these experiences shape their views? What meso-level mechanisms shape care workers’ attitudes toward unions? In this paper, we seek to address the attitudes care workers hold toward unions. Through the analysis of 85 interviews with care workers across Ontario, we argue that in addition to individual-level experience, meso-level characteristics, such as the model of care work, union status of workers, and centralization of work shape the experiences and views that care workers have about unions.

2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 8918 words || 
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2. Kim, Lanu. "What Makes Unions Strong? An Organizational Perspective on Examining Union Power" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-02-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p726489_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Janitors have made unprecedented gains since their first strike in L.A, 1990. Even in the midst of these challenging circumstances, the janitors’ union made a significant breakthrough. This paper is to find out what organizational characteristics of unions make this movement strong. Based on Emerson’s network theory(1962), I suggest two axes: dependence and cohesion. First, dependence indicates how much unions control the supply of workers and make an employer dependent on them. If a union has high dependence, a union will have higher bargaining power on the negotiation table. Second, cohesion indicates how much workers interact with others in the group. If a union is highly cohesive, it will make more workers participate in the strike. In order to examine these hypotheses, I bring four case studies to examine them. This study reveals why some unions are strong with an organizational perspective which includes employers, unions and workers.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Words: 181 words || 
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3. Pardo, Sharon. "The ‘Privileged Union’: A New Model for Relations between the European Union and its Mediterranean Neighbours" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2020-02-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p253033_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper presents a new model for relations between the EU and its Mediterranean neighbours. It argues that, against the background of the growing challenges of the European Neighbourhood Space, there is a need to think about a new model for relations between the Mediterranean Neighbourhood Partner States and the EU. The model should enable a significant upgrade of the political and security relations, as well as those in the economic, research, cultural and social/human fields. The paper departs from the assumption that the time has come to implement the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) and European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) principles and ideas and to accelerate the discussions on the development of a new strategic model. Drawing on the ENP experience, the paper proposes the creation of what it calls the ‘Privileged Union’ Model. The paper will present and discuss this new model, and will further present common tools needed to confront political, social and security challenges in the European Neighbourhood Space. The paper will also present the various programmes and agencies that could be open to all Mediterranean ‘Privileged Union’ Member States.

2008 - ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES Pages: 23 pages || Words: 9370 words || 
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4. Zeff, Eleanor. "Protecting Privacy: The European Union Institutions Maneuver For Dominance: A Case Study Examining the European Union (EU) Institutions in Action During the Passenger Name Records (PNR) Negotiations With the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA, Mar 26, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2020-02-18 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p253756_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Proposal for a Case Study:Subjects:The European Union and the Institutions of the European Union, EU and US relations, a comparison of European values and American values (privacy rights and the fight against terrorism)Case: In 2004 the European Council and the European Commission reached an agreement with the United States (after more than 18 months of negotiations) under which the United States Customs and border officials would be allowed to collect 34 different pieces of information about air passengers before they board a plane to the United States from Europe. The United States wanted the data as a step in the fight against terrorism.The European Parliament disagreed with this draft agreement between the Commission and the United States and voted 276 to 260 to refer the agreement to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.In May 2006, the European Union’s highest court ruled that the Union had overstepped its authority by agreeing to give the United States personal details about airline passengers flying from Europe. Specifically, the Court found that the European Commission and the European Council lacked the authority to make the deal, which was reached in May 2004. The decision forced the two sides to renegotiate the agreement. The case study method provides a venue for involving students in active discussions about the European Union and different mandates and responsibilities of each of the four European institutions involved in the case. Active learning techniques will be used, such as a simulation of one or more of the institutions as they discuss the passenger data case and the privacy rights issue. Active learning literature will be reviewed and utilized throughout the case study.

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