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2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Pages: 27 pages || Words: 9096 words || 
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1. Sanada, Yasuhiro. "Turning the Tide: A Whaling Moratorium Proposal at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment and the Bureaucratic Politics of Japan, the United State, and the United Kingdom" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p417050_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The adoption of a ten-year moratorium on commercial whaling at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (UNCHE) in 1972 was one of the watershed events in the history of whaling diplomacy. However, the adoption of the ten-year moratorium was quite unexpected, given the fact that not only government officials in charge of whaling diplomacy in Japan but also those in the United States which was the initiator of the moratorium resolution opposed to the idea of an all-out prohibition of whaling. Moreover, even during the final minutes of the UNCHE, some countries including the United Kingdom had position sympathetic to Japan’s and the moratorium proposal therefore had every chance of being voted down.
The following questions thus arise: Why did the US change its policy in support of the moratorium on all commercial whaling? What kinds of bargaining maneuvers among which players in the US government yielded this action? Why was the resolution adopted by an overwhelming majority? Why did the United Kingdom shift its position? And why did Japan lose in the UHCNE on the moratorium proposal? Although whaling diplomacy has long been an object of study, little is known about the diplomatic bargaining between the member nations and the bureaucratic politics within these governments. We would like to answer the above questions, using archival documents of participating governments.

2019 - AEJMC Pages: unavailable || Words: 9855 words || 
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2. Jeong, Irkwon. and Khang, Hyoungkoo. "Cognitive and Behavioral Factors of Online Discussion as Antecedents of Deliberation and Tolerance: Evidence from South Korea, United Kingdom and United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AEJMC, Sheraton Centre Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Aug 07, 2019 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1555839_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The current study examined cognitive and behavioral factors of online discussion as antecedents of attitudes toward opposing views and two aspects of social norms, perceived importance of public deliberation and social tolerance. Employing surveys in South Korea, United Kingdom and United States, this study found that adjustment motive and discussion heterogeneity are positively associated with perceived importance of public deliberation and social tolerance in all three countries.

2007 - International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention Pages: 29 pages || Words: 13636 words || 
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3. Cass, Loren. "Issue Framing and the Domestic Salience of International Environmental Norms: Climate Policy in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p179127_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper is a draft of a chapter that will be included in the forthcoming edited volume entitled, "The Social Construction of Climate Change." The chapters in the volume present a number of potentially fruitful avenues for analyzing the "social construction of climate change." This paper focuses on the early framing of climate change as a political problem at the international level and the associated normative debates that emerged related to how states should respond to the threat. It then evaluates how the international framing of the problem and the normative debates were translated into the domestic political processes of Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The early domestic framing of the problem had profound effects on the political debates in all three countries and played a major role in shaping the degree to which emergent international norms were translated into the domestic policy debates. The paper seeks to explain how and why the political framing of climate change evolved at the international and domestic political levels and explores the consequences of these changes for climate policy in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 31 words || 
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4. Manheim, Frank. "The Conflict Between Environmentalists and Industry in the United States: New Perspectives from Comparison Between United States and Norwegian Offshore Oil Industries and National Policies." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p86795_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Stalemate in offshore oil leasing reflects an old conflict between U.S. environmentalists and industry. Comparison with Norway suggests that the conflict is anachronistic. New paradigms could yield advantages to all sides.

2005 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 37 words || 
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5. Ahmed, Amel. "Sources and Dynamics of Voting System Reform: Minority Representation and Suffrage Expansion in France, the United Kingdom and the United States (1866-1919)" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 07, 2005 <Not Available>. 2020-01-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p86763_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines movements for voting system reform at the time of suffrage expansion. I argue that elites pursued reform in order to undermine working class representation. Reform outcomes vary with the degree of working class mobilization.

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