Guest  

 
Search: 
Search By: SubjectAbstractAuthorTitleFull-Text

 

Showing 1 through 5 of 1,601 records.
Pages: Previous - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ... 321 - Next  Jump:
2010 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 149 words || 
Info
1. Ready, Justin., White, Michael., Kopp, Phillip. and DeCarlo, John. "Examining Officers’ Willingness to Use the TASER: A Comparison of Non-Users, Users, and High-Frequency Users across Ten Police Departments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, San Francisco Marriott, San Francisco, California, <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p430054_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The research on police use of Conducted Energy Devices such as the TASER has been expanding as police departments increasingly adopt these weapons as a force option. To date, a number of studies have examined the circumstances in which TASERs are used, their effectiveness in the field, and their physiological effects. However, few studies have examined the departmental, ecological, and officer characteristics that increase or decrease officers’ willingness to use the device. This study addresses that gap in the literature by surveying 600 line officers across ten agencies that carry the TASER. Survey questions are used to assign propensity scores to individual officers, and then hierarchical models are used to predict frequency of use, as well as three distinct patterns of use: non-users, users, and high-frequency users. Finally, propensity scores are compared to actual use patterns. Research findings and policy implications are discussed.

2009 - International Communication Association Pages: 31 pages || Words: 8508 words || 
Info
2. Massanari, Adrienne. "“Understand Users, Then Ignore Them”: The Construction of the “User” Within Web Design Texts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott, Chicago, IL, May 20, 2009 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p295683_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper considers the problematic relationship between new media designers and “users” in texts written about user-centered design. Historically, users have been viewed as potential error-makers whose unpredictable behaviors cause problems for systems engineers. However, user-centered design approaches found within the fields of interaction design and information architecture place the user at the center of the technological system. To better understand and solidify the importance of the user within the technological artifact, these designers often create what are called “personas” – prototypical users with names, faces, interests, and preferences. Personas serve as boundary objects (Bowker & Star, 1999), used as conceptual stand-ins for users when making design decisions. Drawing on theoretical approaches from science and technology studies (STS) and cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT), I examined current texts written about user-centered design, information architecture, and interaction design to understand the ways in which users are discursively “written into” the design process. My analysis suggests that personas serve as a kind of simulacra (Baudrillard, 1995), and their use is as much motivated by political realities within new media organizations, as it is by the need to incorporate user needs within the design process. In addition, I argue that personas serve to reinscribe the conceptual separation between the user and designer despite technological developments (like Web 2.0) that blur this boundary.

2006 - American Society of Criminology (ASC) Words: 202 words || 
Info
3. Belenko, Steven., Dembo, Richard., Childs, Kristina., Pich, Michele. and Lee, Patricia. "Sexually Transmitted Infections among Delinquents : Preliminary Prevalence Findings among Drug Users and Nondrug Users" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, Nov 01, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p125962_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Large numbers of drug-involved adolescents enter the juvenile justice system (JJS) at risk for the sexually transmitted infections (STIs) chlamydia and gonorrhea, treatable and often asymptomatic bacterial infections that increase HIV risk. However, current STI surveillance in the JJS is symptom-based and typically limited to incarcerated youths, likely resulting in many undetected cases. Implementing effective STI health interventions requires new data on how STIs among delinquents at the “front end” of the JJS and in the community are related to drug use and other risk behaviors. We report preliminary findings from a new project at the Hillsborough County (FL) Juvenile Assessment Center (JAC), involving 450 male and 450 female delinquents tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea and assessed for drug and sexual risk behaviors. Data are presented on STI prevalence, comparing drug-involved youth to those who do not use drugs. Additional comparisons are made by gender, race/ethnicity, age, neighborhood of residence, previous STI testing experience, and sexual risk profiles. Future analyses will explore relationships among drug use and STI risk; the STI-related service needs of delinquent youth; individual and organizational barriers to expanding STI testing and treatment for delinquents; and the factors predicting receipt of STI treatment among infected youth.

2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 14 pages || Words: 3421 words || 
Info
4. Lee, Ju-Sung. "Generating Friendship Networks of Marijuana Users and Non-users Using Large Samples of Partial Ego-network Data" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p108400_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Use of drugs, including illegal ones such as marijuana, is primarily a socially learned behavior. Friendship relationships often serve as the means by which youths are given the opportunity to try a drug. These relationships can also be the sources of influence that perpetuate use. Counter-forces against use can also include friends and often other sources such as close ties to parents. Current research into youth drug use and abuse often focus on specific social networks of youths. So, we have yet to understand how drug networks vary across subpopulations, such as youths in different cities. In this paper, I explore one method of sampling large networks of youth networks using the 1998 NHSDA (National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) enabling me to obtain population level networks measures and assess risk of contact between non-users and users and how that risk varies across different subpopulations, specifically metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).

2008 - International Communication Association Pages: 20 pages || Words: 9628 words || 
Info
5. Shin, Don-Hee. "Applying the Technology Acceptance Model and Flow Theory to Cyworld User Behavior: Implication of the Web2.0 user acceptance" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 22, 2008 Online <PDF>. 2019-06-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p230029_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Using the Technology Acceptance Model as a conceptual framework and a method of structural equation modeling, this study analyzes user attitude toward Cyworld drawing data from 314 Cyworld users. Individuals’ responses to questions about acceptance and usage of Cyworld were collected and combined with various factors modified from the Technology Acceptance Model. The results of this study show that user’ perceptions are significantly associated with their motivation to use Web2.0. Specifically, participation and involvement are found to have significant effect on users’ motivation. These new constructs are found to be Web2.0-specific factors, playing as enhancing factors to attitudes and intention.

Pages: Previous - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ... 321 - Next  Jump:

©2019 All Academic, Inc.   |   All Academic Privacy Policy