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2008 - American Psychology - Law Society Words: 101 words || 
1. Topchyan, Avetis., Leark, Robert. and Skidmore, Sherry. "Validity of the M-PULSE Validity Scales: Correlation to MMPI-2 Validity Measures" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront, Jacksonville, FL, <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Symposium Paper
Abstract: This current study was designed to evaluate the M-PULSE validity scales. Police candidates (5821)had been administered the M-PULSE, and the MMPI-2.The two validity measures (IM & TA) were correlated to validity measures on the MMPI-2 scales.

The analyses yielded correlations between the IM and MMPI-2 L scale (.60) and K scale (.41). The IM was significantly negatively correlated with the F scale, the Fb scale, and the VRIN scale. The TA validity scale was correlated with the MMPI-2 F scale, Fb scale, TRIN scale, and VRIN scale. The TA scale was found to significantly negatively correlate with the K scale.

2015 - SRCD Biennial Meeting Words: 504 words || 
2. Laudenslager, Mark., Sarche, Michelle., Watamura, Sarah. and Constantino, John. "Validation of Hair Cortisol as a Proxy Indicator of Toxic Stress in Early Head Start Participants: A Multisite Validation" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SRCD Biennial Meeting, Pennsylvania Convention Center and the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown Hotel, Philadelphia, PA, <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Presentation
Abstract: Introduction: Hair cortisol concentration (HCC) is reported to be a putative indication of retrospective chronic hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) activity. The stress response is not necessarily a bad thing but “toxic stress” has been defined as a situation in which chronic stressors activating stress responses begin to outweigh the ability of the individual to adapt and maintain allostasis. As a part of the Early Head Start University Partnership Grants: Buffering Children from Toxic Stress, we assessed the reliability of HCC in comparison to other markers of HPA activation, including salivary or urinary cortisol in young children.

Hypotheses: We predicted HCC would show greatest stability over time. We predicted maternal and child HCC would also be related.

Methods: A total of 47 children and their mothers (n=38) (representing several ethnic minorities as well as underserved populations based on inclusion in Early Head Start, child ages 7 mo. to 4 yr. 8 mo., 56% male) had their scalp hair collected from the posterior vertex. Samples were collected before beginning an intervention targeting buffering of toxic stress at the three study sites. At two sites (Colorado 1 and Colorado 2) maternal hair was also collected. In some cases, the Parenting Stress Inventory was available for comparison to child and mother HCC. Children from all groups had hair collected once or 2 or 3 times separated by 3 mo. intervals at baseline prior to intervention. At one site (Missouri), saliva was collected by the research team shortly after the child awoke and later in the afternoon and a waking urine sample was also collected. Hair samples were extracted and processed by commercial enzyme immunoassay (Salimetrics) and saliva and urine sample were processed using the same assay. As HCC was not normally distributed, HCC was natural log transformed prior to statistical analysis. Stability of repeated measures over time was based on intra-class correlations (ICC). Spearman rank order correlations which minimized the impact of outliers were used in this initial HCC validation.

Results: Samples from the Missouri site validated HCC against other common measures reflecting hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) activity in children including the diurnal decline in salivary cortisol or awaking urinary cortisol. It was found that hair cortisol exhibited the highest 3-month stability among HPA markers (ICC= 0.72), was moderately correlated with diurnal change in salivary cortisol, unrelated to urine cortisol and was substantially elevated among children experiencing urban poverty. For two sites (Colorado 1 and 2) where both maternal and child HCC were available, child HCC was significantly higher than maternal HC (t = 5.477, df = 27, p <.001) reflecting previously observed developmental trends in HCC. Furthermore maternal and child HCC were significantly correlated (rs = .524, p = .004, n = 28). For initial samples for which the parenting stress index was currently available (Colorado 1 and 2), maternal HCC was weakly related to her parenting stress index (rs = .0.294. p - .087, n = 30).

2009 - Southern Political Science Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 7186 words || 
3. Delshad, Ashlie. "Persnickety Validity: Comparing Construct Validity Across Civic Duty Indicators" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Hotel Intercontinental, New Orleans, LA, Jan 07, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The central topic of this paper is the measurement of one variable, civic duty. This variable has become a mainstay in empirical research on individual voting behavior since the 1960s and it is one of the chief explanatory saviors of the rational choice model of voting. Nevertheless, the measurement of civic duty on the American National Elections Study is prima facie substandard. Question wording is one concern, as a number of scholars have demonstrated that seemingly small changes in question wording can have large effects on the answers individuals provide and the conclusions scholars draw. My primary concern is measurement validity, commonly defined as “whether a variable measures what it is supposed to measure” (King, Keohane, and Verba 1994). In survey research, the question is the instrument through which we measure a concept; if the wording is unclear, biased, or just plain bad, then any research that uses that indicator will also be flawed.
In the paper, I will explain the controversies surrounding question wording and measurement validity; I will examine the existing body of work on civic duty; and I will empirical evaluate the validity of survey instruments that use different measures of civic duty in the United States and the United Kingdom. Possible explanations for the results, recommendations for further analysis, and the implications of these findings for research on voting behavior will also be discussed.

2013 - ASC Annual Meeting Words: 130 words || 
4. Schaefer, Roger. and Hamilton, Zachary. "Examining Risk Assessment Validity: A Cross-validation Analysis" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Nov 14, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Under the emerging paradigm, risk assessment tools have provided corrections professionals with a tangible metric for the evaluation and classification of offenders. The current study aims to validate a risk assessment instrument which is currently being utilized by the Iowa Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning. Using logistic regression techniques, the current study tests the predictive validity of a selected variables and interaction terms. In an effort to decrease the inherent ambiguity associated with recidivism as an outcome measure, the dependent variable for the current study has been operationalized as any felony or misdemeanor offense. Mirroring Barnoski’s (2007) cross validation process which established the validity of a similar instrument with adult offenders, the current study adds to the literature by testing the validity of this instrument with juvenile offenders.

2015 - PMENA-37 Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
5. Gleason, Jim., Thomas, Matt., Bagley, Spencer., Rice, Lisa., White, Diana. and Clements, Nathan. "ANALYZING THE CALCULUS CONCEPT INVENTORY: CONTENT VALIDITY, INTERNAL STRUCTURE VALIDITY, AND RELIABILITY ANALYSIS" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the PMENA-37, Michigan State University’s Kellogg Hotel and Conference Center, East Lansing, MI, Nov 05, 2015 Online <PDF>. 2019-12-09 <>
Publication Type: Research Report
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We present findings from an analysis of the Calculus Concept Inventory. Analysis of data from over 1700 students across four institutions indicates that there are deficiencies in the instrument. The analysis showed the data is consistent with a unidimensional model and does not have strong enough reliability for its intended use. This finding emphasizes the need for creating and validating a criterion-referenced concept inventory on differential calculus. We conclude with ideas for such an instrument and its uses.

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