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2009 - ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING Words: 101 words || 
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1. Penha Brasil, Pedro. "Assimetrias do Regime Internacional de Não-Proliferação Nuclear: o predomínio do horizontal sobre o vertical - Asymmetry in the International Non-Proliferation Regime: the predominance of the horizontal over the vertical" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA - ABRI JOINT INTERNATIONAL MEETING, Pontifical Catholic University, Rio de Janeiro Campus (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jul 22, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-11-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p381041_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Este trabalho visa a esclarecer o funcionamento do regime internacional de não-proliferação nuclear para identificar suas assimetrias inerentes. O enfoque internacional dado, desde o primeiro momento, à não-proliferação horizontal, em detrimento da não-proliferação vertical, ilustra uma clara assimetria não apenas do regime, mas também do sistema internacional como um todo, assim como a incapacidade das instituições internacionais envolvidas no processo de promover maior multilateralismo e representatividade no regime.

Busca-se, portanto, entender o regime, identificar as origens das assimetrias, como elas aparecem no funcionamento atual e o que está sendo feito para combatê-las, em prol de um regime de não-proliferação mais eficiente.

2006 - International Studies Association Pages: 12 pages || Words: 7381 words || 
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2. Freyberg-Inan, Annette. "Directions of European Integration: From Horizontal to Vertical Inequality?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Town & Country Resort and Convention Center, San Diego, California, USA, Mar 22, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-11-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p100387_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper answers the question raised by the panel from a critical theory point of view which stresses in particular the interests driving the progressive expansion and lop-sided integration of the European Union and the problematic effects of these processes for disadvantaged citizens both east and west. The answer to the question whether the concepts of "north" versus "south" can usefully be applied to a discussion of contemporary political economic dynamics in Europe is both yes, to some extent, and, ultimately, no. On the one hand, the concepts of north and south are indeed at least to some extent useful heuristic devices for understand the evolving relations between the so-called old and new Europe, because they can draw attention to structural relationships of exploitation stable enough to pattern the processes of transformation taking place throughout the region. The concepts of north versus south invoke an evolving theoretical apparatus which was designed to focus us on such patterns, for legitimate reasons and arguably with some practical benefits for members of the global south. On the other hand, territorially based conceptions of regional and global politics which take direction from the cardinal compass points draw attention away from continuing transnationalization processes that intensify domestic heterogeneity while integrating (groups of) political agents across borders. Ultimately, it is argued, the vocabulary of "south versus north", just like that of "east versus west", must be abandoned in favor of a vocabulary that more accurately captures the empirical referent targeted by our theorizing: structural relationships supporting patterns of exploitation under the changing and progressively deterritorializing conditions of today's political economy.

2006 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 30 words || 
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3. Driscoll, Amanda. "Representation and Gender Quotas in Latin America: A Vertical Reassessment" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, <Not Available>. 2019-11-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p140390_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper explores the impact of gender quotas on the public's assessment of women. Specifically, have women's evaluations of political opportunity been impacted by increased exposure to women in leadership?

2009 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: 42 pages || Words: 10338 words || 
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4. Smith, Edward. "Social Boundaries and the Non-Vertical Component of Social Status" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 08, 2009 Online <PDF>. 2019-11-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p309636_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Most network-based understandings of social status take for granted that it is important to consider its source. To say that actor A shows deference to actor B, for instance, has far fewer implications on B when we know nothing of A. As powerful as this assumption is, however, the manner in which it has been used by network sociologists reveals an important empirical limitation. Not all actors in a social system benefit equally from ties with the same alter. Incorporating the notion of fuzzy boundaries into network-based analysis, I adjust for a horizontal dimension of status accrual by introducing a method for disaggregating vertical and unilinear hierarchies into proximate and distant subcomponents. Proximate captures the component of an actor’s centrality that is the result of deference from or affiliation with socially similar others. Distant describes the component of an actor’s centrality that originates from outside that boundary. Using data on manager relations in a large electronics company, I find that the composition of an individual’s proximate and distant ties has a significant effect on the way that individual is evaluated and compensated in some settings but not in others. When a manager is evaluated by a socially similar other (e.g., a boss), he appears to be penalized for maintaining distant affiliations.

2009 - SASE Annual Conference Words: 213 words || 
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5. Chondrakis, George. and Sako, Mari. "The Impact of Demand Characteristics and Technological Change on Vertical Scope: A Dynamic Account of Structural Evolution" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SASE Annual Conference, Sciences Po, Paris, France, Jul 16, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-11-13 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p314631_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper develops a dynamic framework for analyzing the impact of demand characteristics and technological change on the structural evolution of industries. A longitudinal analysis of structural changes in the insurance industry and other knowledge-intensive services is used to inductively refine this framework. The existing theories, notably transaction cost economics and the resource/knowledge-based view of the firm, tend to employ a comparative static analysis of the various institutional alternatives to the neglect of other important determinants of vertical scope and their co-evolution with transaction costs and capabilities. By employing a dynamic analysis of boundary choices at the industry level, we demonstrate that demand characteristics and technological change can have a momentous impact on organizational boundaries. In particular, demand characteristics impose additional constraints on the design of the value chain as they need to be sufficiently aligned with the prevalent modes of production. Hence, efficiency-oriented governance considerations need not always be translated into the actual observed patterns of organizational design. In addition, technological change, through its differential impact on transaction costs and capabilities, is not merely a driver of integration, but rather supports a plethora of structural alternatives. The interplay between those factors demonstrates the embeddedness of productive systems within a larger set of environmental parameters that ultimately shape the vertical boundaries of organizations.

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