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2015 - Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry Words: 151 words || 
1. Türkyılmaz, Fatma. "Do Visual Reading and Visual Presentation Acquisitions of Turkish Teaching Syllabus Reach the Students to Visual Literacy?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eleventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, May 20, 2015 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of visual literacy gains in the field of visual literacy and presentation as present in Primary School Turkish Course (1.-5. Classes) Educational Program and Guide at development of reading comprehension skills depend on evaluations of teacher feedbacks. Visual literacy is a process that consisting of comprehension (reading) and telling (writing) skills. Therefore we can say that “Visual literacy is a notion and also an educational movement”. Several studies indicated that, the teaching conducted with visual elements makes the education process better quality, enhances the permanence of learning. The implementation of visual reading and visual presentation domain in quality and diversity depends on teachers’ initiative. This research will be conducted with a total of 15 teachers; 8 teachers working in state schools located in Altındağ district of Ankara province, seven class teachers working in private schools located in various districts of Ankara.

2014 - International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference Words: 395 words || 
2. Geise, Stephanie., Lobinger, Katharina. and Brantner, Cornelia. "Visual Framing Research «beyond» Visual Studies? Current State and Future Prospects of Approaches Analyzing Visual Frames in Multimodal Contexts" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association 64th Annual Conference, Seattle Sheraton Hotel, Seattle, Washington, <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Session Paper
Abstract: Based on a systematic, meta-analytical examination of journal articles on visual framing, we present an overview of the current state of research focusing on methodological and theoretical visual-framing approaches. The analysis shows that visual framing is a progressing and prospering field of visual research. Nonetheless, a deeper look on the theoretical foundations and methodological conceptions poses important challenges that we will address in our presentation illustrating our statements by example of realized research settings.

Against the background of our findings, we argue for a further development of visual-framing research in itself seeing a necessity for an advanced differentiation of the theoretical conceptualizations in distinguishing visual framing from related attribution effects that also aim at the reciprocal relation between cognitive structures and their effects on the perception, processing and interpretation (e.g. visual stereotypes, schemata). Furthermore, with visual frames being multidimensional constructs, we argue for a differentiation of distinct types and levels of visual frames. As our findings indicate, a shortcoming also lies in the current consideration of multimodality. Here, we suggest systematic analyses of visual and textual framing and their interactions – like concurrency, interdependence, or amplifying. As existing theoretical conceptualizations of visual framing neglect the moderating factors from a recipient's perspective, we argue that factors such as personal relevance, interest, involvement, prior knowledge, experience, or (visual) socialization might better explain inter-individual differences in visual-framing effects.

Regarding the methodological perspective, our meta-analysis shows that the measurement of visual-framing effects also exhibits inadequacies, particularly regarding its strong focus on post-receptive one-time measurements neglecting the process-related character of framing. We explore why visual-framing effects on perception and evaluation need to be measured during the process by using reception-based methods (e.g. eye-tracking, thinking-aloud-methods). Moreover, we are able to show that existing studies omit cumulative effects. In this regard we discuss why the addressing of a long-term perspective on visual framing seems to be necessary as multiple stimulus exhibition may not only activate certain cognitive patterns, but also change them into the direction of the presented frame, influence attitudes and opinions, or establish new cognitive patterns. Finally, we argue for a progress of visual-framing research beyond visual studies in which the bridging nature of framing broadens the perspective and opens new lines towards research focusing on multi-modal messages and intersemiotic interactions of visual, verbal and/or auditive framing devices and give an outlook how future visual-framing research could address these challenges.

2016 - AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto Words: 248 words || 
3. Liu, Kiki Ssu-Fang. "Visual Fatigue and Bodily Flourishing: The Affective Politics of Around-the-Island Journeys in Taiwanese Visual Culture" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AAS-in-Asia, Kyoto, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan, <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Panel Paper
Abstract: This study investigates the geopolitical turns of Taiwan during the post martial-law period, exploring how the new modality of feelings connotes different political declarations and epistemological paradigms of the island from those in the past through the lens of around-the-island journey. The fetish of these around-the-island trips arose in the 2000s in Taiwan, not only as a repetitive theme in films, but also in physical practice. However, this emerging culture is not unprecedented. Although the around-the-island trip was nearly absent during most of the martial-law period (1949-1987), it has already been exercised during the Japanese colonial period (1895-1945). For instance, through the visual representations, such as postcard illustrations sketched during the painter Hatsusaburo Yoshida’s around-the-island trip, he reconstructed Taiwanese landscapes by wedging their wildness into the implicit beauty of Japanese landscapes. Later, at the beginning of the martial-law period, the around-the-island trip was visualized as a fantasized journey rather than a pragmatic travel scheme to the audience. However, during the Taiwan New Cinema period (1982-1987), the perceptions of landscapes in the films transited into an experimental stage where optical, penetrating, and dominant cinematic narratives were interrogated and challenged, indicating an attempt to engage bodies to FEEL the landscapes. Examining the patterns of emergence, disappearance, and re-emergence of the around-the-island trips in Taiwan, this paper discusses how recent representations of journeys redefine the geography that was codified by optical paradigms in history, and how circular itineraries were differently deployed and embodied alongside the changing political regimes and social spheres.

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