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2011 - Northeastern Political Science Association Pages: unavailable || Words: 9615 words || 
Info
1. Shimabukuro, Alessandro. "To weaponize or not to weaponize: America's space weapons dilemma" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association, Crowne Plaza, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 17, 2011 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p525492_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The United States, the most efficient and dependent user of space based systems, both economically and militarily, is also the most vulnerable to any disruption to access to and use of space. The need to defend satellites and guarantee access to space has become a fundamental U.S. national security interest. How the United States pursues these interests will define conflict or cooperation in space, and impact global economic and political developments in the coming years.

2009 - ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE" Words: 34 words || 
Info
2. Petrova, Margarita. "Banning Obsolete Weapons or Redefining Military Utility: Argumentative Dynamics in Weapons Prohibitions" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 50th ANNUAL CONVENTION "EXPLORING THE PAST, ANTICIPATING THE FUTURE", New York Marriott Marquis, NEW YORK CITY, NY, USA, Feb 15, 2009 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p313169_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The paper focuses on the argumentative processes through which new international norms prohibiting the use of weapons causing severe civilian harm emerge. It examines the communicative exchange between the military and non-governmental organizations regar

2010 - Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners Words: 39 words || 
Info
3. Havercroft, Jonathan. "A Space Weapons Taboo? A Genealogical Analysis of the Non-Weaponization of Space" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Theory vs. Policy? Connecting Scholars and Practitioners, New Orleans Hilton Riverside Hotel, The Loews New Orleans Hotel, New Orleans, LA, Feb 17, 2010 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p414511_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Why, despite being a domain of great power action for more than fifty-years, has space continued to remain weapons free? After considering the limitations of three possible explanations - 1. technological limitations; 2. excessive cost; 3. deterrence - th

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 19 pages || Words: 5226 words || 
Info
4. Sims, Benjamin. and Henke, Christopher. "Repairing Nuclear Weapons: Maintenance and Transformation in U.S. Nuclear Weapons Work Since the Cold War" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p182950_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: As technologies age, they can become problematic, as their functionality degrades or the surrounding sociotechnical context changes. People often respond to problematic technology by engaging in sociotechnical “repair” activities, such as maintenance, troubleshooting, or redesign. Since the end of the Cold War, these activities have taken a central role in the U.S. nuclear weapons program, as stockpiled weapons are no longer continually replaced with new designs. We take “repair” to be a fundamental category of sociotechnical activity that modifies technological artifacts, practices, and social settings to maintain order in sociotechnical systems. This usage of the term draws on its common technological meaning as well as its usage in ethnomethodology to describe methods for maintaining order in social interactions. The Stockpile Stewardship program, initiated as the Cold War ended, sought to repair weapons through an engineering strategy of continually replacing parts, leaving weapons designers to maintain and exercise their tacit knowledge with sophisticated computer simulations. In contrast, the new Reliable Replacement Warhead (RRW) program proposes that designers take the lead in repair of the stockpile by redesigning weapon components to optimize them for long-term stability in storage, reducing the need for engineering expertise by designing stability into the weapons themselves. Each strategy rests on contested assumptions about the nature and quality of the tacit knowledge of engineers and designers. These alternate visions for the stockpile have significant political implications as decisions are made about the future direction and size of the nuclear weapons complex.

2006 - American Society of Criminology (ASC) Words: 121 words || 
Info
5. killias, martin. "Homicide Constellations and Weapons Used Homicide Constellations and Weapons Used" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, Nov 01, 2006 <Not Available>. 2019-11-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p127007_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: A national data base covering all homicides since 1980 and a sample of 10 percent of suicides is currently being built up in Switzerland, combining medical, police and court data. Based on yet partial findings, the paper will look at the correlation between type of homicide constellation (instrumental, family, multiple vs. single killings, acts followed by suicide of the offender or not etc.) and type of weapon involved. It seems that overall assessments of homicide and weapon use may be misleading as long as particular constellations are ignored, homicide being a particularly heterogeneous category including many different types of acts that each are motivated and conditioned by other variables.

Martin Killias, University of Lausanne, Ecole des sciences criminelles, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

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