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2007 - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY Words: 93 words || 
1. Jenks, David. and Costelloe, Michael. "It's Not Whether you Win or Lose, It's how you Place the Blame: Police Agencies Politicking about Crime Rates." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 13, 2007 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Abstract: Police agencies face the media every September when the latest crime statistics are released through the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports. Although the academic community has long established that these numbers are a weak measure of overall crime and normally fluctuate for a variety of reasons, police agencies respond each year. This research reviewed a random sample of articles from 1970-2006 that referred to police officials taking credit for drops in crime via their policies, and/or placing blame for increases. A thorough content analysis was conducted evaluating patterns for taking credit or placing blame.

2002 - American Political Science Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6608 words || 
2. Gordon, Stacy. and Segura, Gary. "Looking Good...Feeling Good! Assessing Whether Dyadic or Collective Descriptive Representation Enhances Latino Efficacy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston Marriott Copley Place, Sheraton Boston & Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts, Aug 28, 2002 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: In this effort, we examine the effect dyadic and collective descriptive representation have on the political efficacy of California's Latino population. We argue that the representation of individual Latino citizens by one or more Latino legislators, as well as the overall number of Latino legislators in the institution, will each be associated with increased levels of efficacy among Latino constituents. Having a co-ethnic represent your interests, and seeing multiple co-ethnics participate in the policy-making process, we suggest, should reduce the perceived distance between the minority citizen and his or her government, and enhance that citizen's feeling of being represented.
We test this at both the dyadic level and the collective level of representation. Using data from the Tomás Rivera Policy Institute, we find no evidence of the dyadic effect we anticipate. By contrast, analysis of California Field Poll data suggests that the increasing total number of Latino legislators does have a positive and significant effect on the perceptions of government by Latino respondents. That is, while dyadic descriptive representation appeared to have no direct effect, the collective representation of Latinos in the legislature appears to have a positive effect on the broader Latino population's assessment of government. We speculate about the meaning of these different results and offer some thoughts on the implications of this relationship.

2004 - American Sociological Association Pages: 45 pages || Words: 11654 words || 
3. England, Paula., Allison, Paul. and Wu, Yuxiao. "A Longitudinal Assessment of Whether Bad Pay Causes Occupations to Feminize or Feminization Lowers Pay" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA,, Aug 14, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We use longitudinal data from the 1983-2001 CPS files with detailed occupations to examine the causal relationship between sex composition and wages, testing devaluation and queuing perspectives. We use lagged-Y-regressor cross-lag panel models, as well as first-difference fixed-effects and pooled fixed-effects models. We conclude that while there is a relationship between occupations' sex composition and wages, there is little evidence that changes in the present period changes in one produce changes in the other. The relationship seems to be institutional inertia from an early causal dynamic.

2003 - International Communication Association Pages: 25 pages || Words: 6788 words || 
4. Tsetsura, Katerina. "Are borders only georgaphic? A case study of whether framing of women’s rights as human rights is successful at the domestic level" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Marriott Hotel, San Diego, CA, May 27, 2003 Online <.PDF>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper examines framing as an essential strategy used by women’s rights NGOs at international and domestic levels. After exploring the strategies to facilitate the implementation of the Platform for Action, which were presented in detail at the Beijing+5 session of the United Nations, the author demonstrates why the frame of women’s rights as human rights, which is actively used on the international arena, can be problematic at the domestic level.
Using a theoretical analysis of transnational advocacy networks by Keck and Sikkink (1998), this paper examines why frames, which are essential political strategies of women’s rights NGOs, should have alternatives to the existent women’s rights as human rights frame. The author argues that at the domestic level the issue of women’s rights need to be presented in greater detail rather than the existing human rights frame allows it to be and thus should be reframed.

2004 - The Midwest Political Science Association Words: 100 words || 
5. Mastracci, Sharon., Newman, Meredith. and Guy, Mary Ellen. "Appraising Emotion Work: Determining whether Emotional Labor is Acknowledged in Public Service" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, Apr 15, 2004 <Not Available>. 2020-01-26 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Service work requires extensive
amounts of emotional labor. This paper will explore this issue by
examining performance appraisal instruments used to evaluate work
performance in public service organizations. The research questions
1) To what extent has emotional labor become recognized as an effective
workplace skill?
2) Do performance appraisal instruments measure emotive skills?
To answer these questions, we will perform an interpretive analysis of
employee performance evaluation instruments and processes. Particular
emphasis is placed on emotive skill constructs established in previous
analyses, including negotiating skills, diplomacy, caring, empathizing,
enabling cooperation, and fostering teamwork.
The analysis of results will be used to spur additional research into
this newly recognized aspect of public service work.

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