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2004 - International Communication Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 8693 words || 
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1. Riggs, Karen. "The Digital Divide’s Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy The Digital Divide’s Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy The Digital Divide's Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p112421_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Drawing on the author's ethnographic and textual analysis research over a five-year period in the United States, the paper observes that older generations of workers are getting used to the new models of technology-driven communication but may not feel "at home" in them. The author suggests steps for policy makers to stimulate and reward older workers, whose roles in the "new work" are both vital and threatened. Proceeding from data suggesting that work status often drives home computer and Internet competencies and usage in the lives of Americans over 50, the author acknowledges that the advancing age of Baby Boomers will cause some generational differences in competency and usage to disappear, but cultural differences among elders will persist. Effective public policy for curing the Digital Divide must include attention to older Americans on the margins, many of whom are single women, racial minorities, and residents of central-city or rural areas, the author claims. Recommendations include:
1. Tailor retirement systems for individual differences.
2. Make employment sectors elder friendly.
3. Make the educational system non-discriminatory.
4. Eliminate ageist practices inside the academy.
5. Strengthen policies to deter age discrimination by employers.
6. Encourage inclusive images of older workers.
7. Stop retrofitting facilities to "shoehorn" in disabled (often older) workers.
8. Encourage intergenerational learning communities.
9. Pursue age studies and intergenerational research.
The author concludes that citizens must assume a collective responsibility for re-creating social environments that will accommodate unprecedented complexities of intergenerational living in today's world.

2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 5774 words || 
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2. Cheng, Xiuying. "Migrant Workers, Peasant Workers or Contract Workers?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p564246_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Based on eighteen months ethnographic field work in central China, this paper attempts to explore the limits and potentials of the legal and political struggles for a group of migrant workers to defend their equal rights. These migrant workers got their political enlightenment and inspiration to equality from the joint street protests against “restructuring of SOEs” with the state workers. In order to get their material requests, they were directed into the bureaucratic field to clarify their identity and determine their rights, which turned the class struggle between the workers and their factory into a classification struggle with the state. Because of the inadequate official policies upon the migrant workers, they were discriminated as “peasant workers.” To insist on equal treatments as the state workers, these migrant workers turned to the legal system and tried to verify their identity as “contract workers.” They won the administrative litigation, which granted them no material rewards, and they failed the labor prosecution because their evidences were not legally qualified. This paper argues that the narrowly defined “legal labor rights” were not the effective way for the migrant workers to determine rights and make claims, rather they should appeal to the broader social framework of morality and justice.

2012 - ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 7074 words || 
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3. Born, Marieke., Akkerman, Agnes. and Torenvlied, Rene. "Willingness to participate in a strike: the role of a worker’s social network in worker mobilization." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISPP 35th Annual Scientific Meeting, Mart Plaza, Chicago, IL, Jul 06, 2012 Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p570693_index.html>
Publication Type: Paper (prepared oral presentation)
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This paper aims to explain worker participation in a future strike when different groups in the worker’s network try to influence the decision about whether or not to participate. We attempt to answer the question how social costs and benefits, such as social support, affect participation in (potential) industrial action. Until now, there is no consensus about the influence of a worker’s social environment. In this paper, we offer an explanation about what happens when workers experience conflicting pressures from different actors in their social network. We empirically explore the effects of social influence and support on willingness to participate, using survey data of 468 union members collected in 2010. Using structural equation modeling techniques, we investigate whether or not these cross-pressures from different groups will temper or enhance the willingness to participate. We find that social support from mobilizing actors increases the willingness to participate and we find that counter mobilization may be an effective strategy to reduce willingness to participate.

2014 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 7757 words || 
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4. Reese, Ellen. and Struna, Jason. "Organizing Temporary and Immigrant Workers: Lessons from Change to Win’s Warehouse Workers United Campaign" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Hilton San Francisco Union Square and Parc 55 Wyndham San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, Aug 15, 2014 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p726474_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Since 2008, Warehouse Workers United (an affiliate of Change to Win) has organized thousands of low-wage warehouse workers in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in California, using innovative organizing methods. Warehouse Workers Resource Center (WWRC), a non-profit workers’ center formed in 2011, has also helped to provide additional legal services and other resources to warehouse workers. Combining protest tactics with an innovative legal strategy, WWU and WWRC have helped warehouse workers to win back millions of dollars of stolen wages by 2013. The success of this campaign is particularly remarkable given its uneven and, at times, limited funding. The decentralized structure of the warehouse industry along with the heavy reliance on labor subcontracting and temporary and immigrant labor also complicated the use of traditional union organizing and collective bargaining strategies and made workers highly vulnerable to employer intimidation and retaliation. The Republican domination of regional politics also constrained what could be won at the local level. In this paper, we examine the strategies employed by WWU and WWRC in this campaign and their outcomes drawing on participant observation, information provided to us by staff and student interns, and media and internet sources. This campaign provides important lessons for those seeking to organize other low-wage temporary and immigrant workers who are a growing share of the U.S. workforce and highly vulnerable to employer intimidation and retaliation. Yet, it also reveals the need for greater union investment in organizing the logistics industry, a critical sector of the contemporary global economy.

2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
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5. Rivers-Moore, Megan. "Workers? Victims? Entrepreneurs? Pragmatic Penance and Sex Worker Organizing in Neoliberal Costa Rica
" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, Aug 17, 2016 Online <PDF>. 2019-04-21 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1124055_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Based on participant observation and interviews with staff and sex workers at two non-governmental organizations in San José, Cost Rica, this paper argues that sex workers have gone from being seen, and seeing themselves, as workers and subjects of labor rights in the 1990s, to victims that can be remade as entrepreneurs in the 2000s. In the context of neoliberal Costa Rica, this shift away from demanding workers’ rights toward saving victims and empowering entrepreneurs has had a significant impact on future possibilities for the recognition of sex workers as workers. Sex workers involved with both organizations participate in various forms of what I am calling “pragmatic penance”, the strategic performance of victimhood. This paper demonstrates that the ways that sex workers are helped has been impacted by the broader neoliberal context in Costa Rica, including a decline in class politics and in labor organizing.

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