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2012 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: 5774 words || 
1. Cheng, Xiuying. "Migrant Workers, Peasant Workers or Contract Workers?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Colorado Convention Center and Hyatt Regency, Denver, CO, Aug 16, 2012 Online <PDF>. 2018-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Based on eighteen months ethnographic field work in central China, this paper attempts to explore the limits and potentials of the legal and political struggles for a group of migrant workers to defend their equal rights. These migrant workers got their political enlightenment and inspiration to equality from the joint street protests against “restructuring of SOEs” with the state workers. In order to get their material requests, they were directed into the bureaucratic field to clarify their identity and determine their rights, which turned the class struggle between the workers and their factory into a classification struggle with the state. Because of the inadequate official policies upon the migrant workers, they were discriminated as “peasant workers.” To insist on equal treatments as the state workers, these migrant workers turned to the legal system and tried to verify their identity as “contract workers.” They won the administrative litigation, which granted them no material rewards, and they failed the labor prosecution because their evidences were not legally qualified. This paper argues that the narrowly defined “legal labor rights” were not the effective way for the migrant workers to determine rights and make claims, rather they should appeal to the broader social framework of morality and justice.

2004 - International Communication Association Pages: 29 pages || Words: 8693 words || 
2. Riggs, Karen. "The Digital Divide’s Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy The Digital Divide’s Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy The Digital Divide's Gray Fault Line: Aging Workers, Technology, and Policy" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA, May 27, 2004 Online <.PDF>. 2018-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Drawing on the author's ethnographic and textual analysis research over a five-year period in the United States, the paper observes that older generations of workers are getting used to the new models of technology-driven communication but may not feel "at home" in them. The author suggests steps for policy makers to stimulate and reward older workers, whose roles in the "new work" are both vital and threatened. Proceeding from data suggesting that work status often drives home computer and Internet competencies and usage in the lives of Americans over 50, the author acknowledges that the advancing age of Baby Boomers will cause some generational differences in competency and usage to disappear, but cultural differences among elders will persist. Effective public policy for curing the Digital Divide must include attention to older Americans on the margins, many of whom are single women, racial minorities, and residents of central-city or rural areas, the author claims. Recommendations include:
1. Tailor retirement systems for individual differences.
2. Make employment sectors elder friendly.
3. Make the educational system non-discriminatory.
4. Eliminate ageist practices inside the academy.
5. Strengthen policies to deter age discrimination by employers.
6. Encourage inclusive images of older workers.
7. Stop retrofitting facilities to "shoehorn" in disabled (often older) workers.
8. Encourage intergenerational learning communities.
9. Pursue age studies and intergenerational research.
The author concludes that citizens must assume a collective responsibility for re-creating social environments that will accommodate unprecedented complexities of intergenerational living in today's world.

2016 - American Sociological Association Annual Meeting Pages: unavailable || Words: unavailable || 
3. Rivers-Moore, Megan. "Workers? Victims? Entrepreneurs? Pragmatic Penance and Sex Worker Organizing in Neoliberal Costa Rica
" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Washington State Convention Center, Seattle, WA, Aug 17, 2016 Online <PDF>. 2018-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: Based on participant observation and interviews with staff and sex workers at two non-governmental organizations in San José, Cost Rica, this paper argues that sex workers have gone from being seen, and seeing themselves, as workers and subjects of labor rights in the 1990s, to victims that can be remade as entrepreneurs in the 2000s. In the context of neoliberal Costa Rica, this shift away from demanding workers’ rights toward saving victims and empowering entrepreneurs has had a significant impact on future possibilities for the recognition of sex workers as workers. Sex workers involved with both organizations participate in various forms of what I am calling “pragmatic penance”, the strategic performance of victimhood. This paper demonstrates that the ways that sex workers are helped has been impacted by the broader neoliberal context in Costa Rica, including a decline in class politics and in labor organizing.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 220 words || 
4. Abrams, Marissa., Palmer, Brianna. and Salfati, C.. "Patterns of Sex Worker and Non-Sex Worker Victim Selection: Relationship to Offender Characteristics" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 15, 2016 <Not Available>. 2018-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Poster
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: The profiling process rests on the assumption that offender characteristics are manifested in their behaviors at their crime scenes. An important behavior to consider when analyzing offender characteristics is the type of victim they choose. Offenders’ victim type may not be consistent in serial cases. To narrow down the suspect pool there is a need to understand if offender characteristics are reflected in their victim choice. Although offenders who exclusively offend against prostitutes and non-prostitutes (mixed) have been examined, mixed offenders who offend as part of the same series have not. This study examined 21 offenders: 9 single prostitute offenders, 7 serial prostitute offenders and 5 serial mixed offenders with a total of 57 victims. It was hypothesized that there will be differences between characteristics of offenders who target exclusively prostitutes versus those who target prostitutes and non-prostitutes and this will relate to different patterns in their victim choice. Results confirmed the hypothesis and concluded that those who target only prostitutes can be classified into a non-criminal background theme and those who offend against both prostitutes and non-prostitutes can be classified into a criminal background theme. It was also found that the mixed offender has more victims in their series.

2007 - Rural Sociological Society Words: 156 words || 
5. Wells, Barbara. "Farm Workers' Daughters and Granddaughters: Continuities and Discontinuities with Immigrant Farm Worker Origins" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Rural Sociological Society, Marriott Santa Clara, Santa Clara, California, Aug 02, 2007 <Not Available>. 2018-11-21 <>
Publication Type: Abstract
Abstract: This paper uses data from my 2005 qualitative study of the work and family lives of U.S.-born Mexican American women in Imperial County, California. I consider the extent to which farm labor continues to shape the lives of the 38 women participating in my research who are daughters or granddaughters of farm workers. This paper explores women’s perspectives on farm work based on their personal experiences and the organization of farm labor in their community. There is broad agreement that farm labor is the work of last resort, and some families have indeed been able to distance themselves from their farm worker origins. Farm labor and its legacy does, however, continue to shape the experiences of many women. Examples include: women may themselves been farm workers; women may have partners who were or are farm workers; and women may work in jobs providing county services to current and former farm workers.

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