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2012 - The Law and Society Association Words: 430 words || 
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1. Martin, Natasha. "Diversity and the Virtual Workplace: Performance Identity and Shifting Boundaries of Workplace Engagement" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Law and Society Association, Hilton Hawaiian Village Resort, Honolulu, HI, Jun 03, 2012 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p560198_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: This project explores the meaning of workplace discrimination where reality meets the imaginary world in virtual workspaces. This project seeks to understand the emerging sub-culture of the contemporary workplace – the collaborative virtual environment – in which workers engage through digital identities in the form of avatars. Considering the nature of performance identity by employees and the impact of virtual engagement on workplace culture, the author posits that the multidimensionality of identity in this context illuminates the limitations of the categorical approach to anti-discrimination law in the employment context. Using a more recent development in the realm of virtual work–workplace avatars–the project explores the meaning of workplace discrimination where reality can be altered in virtual spaces. The article considers questions including – What is the impact of this realm of virtual work on workplace engagement, particularly given the malleability of identity through avataring? What is the impact on law of virtual performance identity by workers using avatars? How is the ethos of a workplace shaped by avatar-based work? Does the immersive virtual workplace hold promise for increasing diversity? Does this mode of engagement promote inclusion of marginalized workers, for example, or simply create more confusion of our understandings of discrimination?

Building on the performance identity literature in law, this paper pursues not only the complexity of identity, but also demonstrates how workplace avataring becomes a new avenue either for exercising agency or forced social exclusion within the contemporary workplace. Drawing on insights from interdisciplinary sources including organizational behavior, critical race theory, information science, and cognitive psychological research, this paper explores the social and behavioral dynamics among workers in a hyper-technical world, particularly in cyber work scenarios that blend real and imaginary work spaces using 3-D virtual representations.

The author’s premise is that the mechanics of identity in virtual workspaces, particularly immersive environments involving avatars, affect workplace interactions, and more broadly, workplace culture and interpersonal dynamics, creating a new locus for bias to flourish. Current protected class approaches to anti-discrimination law in employment has not served as the antidote to employment discrimination or created pathways for more inclusion. While virtual workspaces hold some appeal for diminishing barriers to entry and broader acceptance within organizations, the article concludes that virtual workspaces do not constitute unconditional and neutral spaces, creating dynamics that are just as dangerous to notions of belonging in the contemporary workplace as their physical counterparts. The article concludes that the phenomenon carriers profound implications for notions of belonging in the contemporary work setting and the management of workers.

2016 - American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting Words: 200 words || 
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2. De Coster, Stacy. and Crowley, Martha. "Defiance as Corrective Action: The Interplay between Workplace Stresses and Workplace Stakes" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology – 72nd Annual Meeting, Hilton New Orleans Riverside, New Orleans, LA, Nov 16, 2016 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p1146482_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We merge perspectives from criminology, the sociology of work, and behavioral economics to develop a strain model of on-the-job manifestations of deviance in blue-collar and white-collar jobs. Our model identifies job-related strains likely to produce desires for corrective action, work-relevant bonds that serve variously as stakes in conformity or stakes in seeking corrective action, and workplace behaviors exemplifying retaliation and escape. We derive competing hypotheses from criminology and behavioral economics to conceptualize intrinsic (autonomy, creativity, and meaning) and extrinsic (pay and benefits) rewards disparately as stakes in workplace conformity or stakes in seeking corrective action through sabotage, effort defiance, and quitting/absenteeism. We test the competing hypotheses using OLS regressions on content-coded ethnographic data from 217 work groups (Hodson et al. 2011). Our findings are more supportive of behavioral economics than criminology and offer divergent findings across blue-collar and white-collar workers. We thusly offer correctives to the criminological literature on stresses and stakes and consider explanations for variation across white-collar and blue-collar workers. Our research generally suggests that organizations that expose employees to coercive and chaotic work environments risk diminishing work effort and increasing sabotage among employees with the most stakes in employment who are likely among their most valued employees.

2013 - AAAL Annual Conference Words: 52 words || 
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3. Pickering, Lucy., Friginal, Eric., Vine, Bernadette., Bouchard, Julie. and Clegg, Geoffrey. "The Function of Stance Markers in the Workplace: Comparison of Two Workplace Corpora in New Zealand and the United States" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AAAL Annual Conference, Sheraton Dallas, Dallas, Texas, Mar 16, 2013 <Not Available>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p625956_index.html>
Publication Type: Individual Paper
Review Method: Peer Reviewed
Abstract: We report on the use of stance markers in workplace discourse using the ANAWC United States workplace corpus and the LWP corpus collected in New Zealand. Our results focus on differences and similarities in the frequency and function of stance markers between NZ and US English and within workplace discourse.

2007 - American Sociological Association Pages: 14 pages || Words: 4839 words || 
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4. Cohen, Philip. and Huffman, Matt. "The Consequences of Managerial Composition for Workplace Segregation in U.S. Workplaces" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, TBA, New York, New York City, Aug 11, 2007 Online <PDF>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p183331_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Most previous research on gender inequality and management has been concerned access to managerial jobs – the “glass ceiling.” We offer the first large-scale analysis that asks whether changes in the gender composition of managers is linked to changes in job segregation among nonmanagerial workers. Thus, our work speaks to larger questions about inequality – specifically, what happens to the status of a subordinate group when some of its members attain positions from which they might reduce inequality? Our analysis will use a longitudinal, multilevel approach to investigate whether the marked desegregation of managerial occupations in the last two decades has trickled down to nonmanagerial workers, resulting in decreasing segregation among these workers.

2005 - International Communication Association Pages: 39 pages || Words: 8944 words || 
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5. Shin, Yong Jun., Park, Hee Sun. and Han, Seung Soo. "Relationship between Information Seeking Tactics and Sense of Workplace Community: Evidence from Korean Workplaces" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton New York, New York City, NY, Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2019-10-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p11733_index.html>
Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Please consider this paper for Applied Communication Award of Interpersonal Communication Division

This research examined the relationship between preferences for information seeking tactics and sense of workplace community. Data from Korean workers (n=240) showed that overt tactics used for supervisors and coworkers were both related to sense of workplace community across all three types of information. The findings also showed that information types differentiated the relationship between importance of information seeking and sense of workplace community and the relationship between coworker availability as an information source and sense of workplace community. These and other findings are discussed and implications for the findings are provided.

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